Effect of Food Habits on the Nutritional Status of Children in Cairo
Biomedical Statistics and Informatics
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 10-17
Received: Nov. 27, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 29, 2016; Published: Jan. 25, 2017
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Hanan A. Hussien, Department of Bread and Pastry Research, Food Technology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
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In this study, 190 students (100 females and 90 males) aged 10-12 years of a selected sample from elementary school students in Cairo were chosen to investigate the effect of food habits and nutritional behaviors on their nutritional status. Our study revealed that 82.2% of children reported having breakfast, 57.5% of those had breakfast at home. Mother education had strong correlation with eating breakfast at home. It is found that the daily macronutrients intake were significantly higher in males than females. The mean daily intake of both macro- and micronutrients were higher for breakfast consumers than for breakfast skippers. With respect to BMI, the results indicate that the underweight were 10.5% and the overweight were 13.7% of the total sample, upon studying some dietary habits of the students and their associations with BMI, it can noticed that 8.4% of overweight students do not eat breakfast at home, 9.5% eat fast foods, 12.6% have snacks, their fruit and vegetable frequency intake/week are much lower than that of normal weight students and their regular physical activity are also lower than normal weight students. Females consumed milk or dairy products more frequently than males. It is found that there is positive correlation between dairy, fruit and vegetable intake and mother education. Also, there is a positive correlation between dairy, fruits and vegetables consumption and having the daily requirements of minerals and vitamins.
Food Habits, Nutritional Status, Mother Education, Daily Intake, BMI, Dairy Intake, Fruit and Vegetable Intake
To cite this article
Hanan A. Hussien, Effect of Food Habits on the Nutritional Status of Children in Cairo, Biomedical Statistics and Informatics. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 10-17. doi: 10.11648/j.bsi.20170201.13
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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