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Prevalence of Low Birth Weight and Its Determinants in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Region, North West Ethiopia: Health Facility Based Cross-Sectional Study
Biomedical Statistics and Informatics
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 1-8
Received: Aug. 22, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 21, 2019; Published: Jan. 6, 2020
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Amare Alamirew Aynie, Faculty of Community Health, ALKAN Health Science, Business and Technology College, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Tigabu Birhan Kassa, Department of Public Health, Bahir Dar Health Science College, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Dagninet Derebe Abie, Department of Pharmacy, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
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According to EDHS 2016, Low birth weight in Amhara Region was 22.2%. Studies show that low birth weight (LBW) babies are significantly at risk of death, contributing to the high neonatal and infant morbidity and mortality. The poor health outcome of low birth weight can be reduced through quality and comprehensive neonatal care. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of low birth weight among women who gave birth at health facilities in Bahir Dar city. An institution-based cross-sectional study using an incidence density sampling technique was conducted from February 01/2019 to March 30/2019 in public and private health facilities of the Bahir Dar city. The sample size was calculated using the single population proportion formula. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection and data was entered into the EPI-data and transported to SPSS version 22 for analysis. The totals of 292 respondents were involved in the study. Pregnant women who did not get married [AOR=8.75, 95%CI: 3.00, 25.55], women who had a previous history of LBW [AOR=7. 81, 95%CI: 1.71, 35.69], women with less than four ANC visits [AOR=2.75, 95%: 1.14, 6.63], women whose MUAC were less than 23cm [AOR=12. 12, 95%CI (4.46, 33.02)], anemic women [AOR=9. 15, 95%CI: 2.31, 36.30] and women whose blood hemoglobin level was less than 11gm/dl [AOR=6.10, 95%CI: 2.18, 17.01] were statistically associated with low birth weight. Hence, interventions targeting on marital status, LBW histories, antenatal care visit, and maternal MUAC, anemia and hemoglobin level were recommended to reduce the prevalence of low birth weight.
Low Birth Weight, Neonatal Mortality, Neonatal Morbidity
To cite this article
Amare Alamirew Aynie, Tigabu Birhan Kassa, Dagninet Derebe Abie, Prevalence of Low Birth Weight and Its Determinants in Bahir Dar City, Amhara Region, North West Ethiopia: Health Facility Based Cross-Sectional Study, Biomedical Statistics and Informatics. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.bsi.20200501.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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