Insomnia, Fatigue, and Some Associated Factors Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
International Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2017, Pages: 15-18
Received: Feb. 17, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 14, 2017; Published: Mar. 27, 2017
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Hyder Osman Mirghani, Medical Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Both the quantity and quality of sleep are associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus; sleep has emerged as a novel target for prevention. In the current study, we aimed to assess insomnia and fatigue among patients with type 2 diabetes in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study conducted among 246 patients with type 2 diabetes during the period from March 2015 to June 2015, they were selected randomly from a diabetes center in Tabuk. Participants were invited to sign a written informed consent, then interviewed using a structured questionnaire based on socio-demographic data, failure to initiate and maintain sleep, non-restorative sleep, and fatigue. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used for data analysis; the Chi-square and Pearson correlation were used to test the statistical significance. Out of 246 patients with type 2 diabetes (54.1% females), aged 46.9±11.6 years, fatigue was evident in 23.5%. A significant statistical difference was observed in the HbA1C regarding failure to maintain sleep and duration of sleep P<0.05. No differences in the glycated hemoglobin regarding age, sex, duration of sleep, snoring, cough, dyspnea, failure to maintain sleep, and non-restorative sleep P>0.05. In conclusion: Patients with poor diabetes control had the failure to maintain sleep and longer duration of diabetes. Measures to implement good sleep hygiene among patients with type 2 diabetes are highly needed.
Insomnia, Fatigue, Type 2 Diabetes, Saudi Arabia
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Hyder Osman Mirghani, Insomnia, Fatigue, and Some Associated Factors Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, International Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 15-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ijde.20170201.14
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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