Comparative Study of the Symptoms of Impending Human Heart, Kidney and Liver Failures Based on Blood Samples
International Journal of Chinese Medicine
Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 32-44
Received: Dec. 13, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 3, 2017; Published: Mar. 17, 2017
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Authors
Reginald A. O. Osakew, Department of Physics Electronics, The Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria
Vincent A. Akpan, Department of Physics Electronics, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Michael T. Babalola, Department of Physics Electronics, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
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Abstract
While all the organs of the human body works together for the proper functioning of the entire human system, the significant roles played by the heart, kidney and liver in the lives of humans cannot be overemphasized. The heart, kidney and liver shares one thing in common, namely: the blood from where several parameters that defines the state of human health can be deduced or inferred. This paper is on the comparative study of the possible symptoms of impending human heart, kidney and liver failures based on blood samples that could be used to infer the state of human health with a view for the development of an online real-time electronic health (e-health) monitoring system. The comparative study considered in this work identified 19 vital measurable blood-related parameters that can be classified as follows: 1). Heart: heart beat, mean arterial blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure; 2). Kidney: packed cell volume/blood cells, erythropoietin, electrolyte Na+, electrolyte Cl-, electrolyte Ca2+, vitamin D; and 3). Liver: Ceratine, glucose fasting, glucose random, urea, direct bilirubin, total bilirubim (direct and indirect), ammonia level, alpha-feto protein. Detailed discussion on the functions, tests and diagnosis of each of heart, kidney and liver as well as the causes, symptoms, failures, consequences (acute or chronic adverse effects) are also presented. Finally, some preliminary medical advice and suggestions on possible ways to circumvent, reduce and/or manage any impending symptoms of failures of the heart, kidney and/or liver based on the nominal values as well as the minimum and maximum values of the mentioned 19 parameters are given.
Keywords
Blood Samples, Comparative Study, E-health, Heart, Kidney, Liver, Measurable Blood-Related Parameters, Organ Failures
To cite this article
Reginald A. O. Osakew, Vincent A. Akpan, Michael T. Babalola, Comparative Study of the Symptoms of Impending Human Heart, Kidney and Liver Failures Based on Blood Samples, International Journal of Chinese Medicine. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 32-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcm.20170102.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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