Aerobic Bacteriological Contamination of Sudanese Currency in Port Sudan, Sudan
International Journal of Chinese Medicine
Volume 1, Issue 4, October 2017, Pages: 132-136
Received: Nov. 22, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 4, 2017; Published: Jan. 3, 2018
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Authors
Abd Elrahman Mustafa Abd Elrahman Osman, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Shingray Osman Hashim, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Mohammed Abdall Musa, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Omer Mohammed Tahir, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
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Abstract
In this review, we show that contaminated money and coins are a public health risk when associated with the simultaneous handling of food, and currency may spread nosocomial infections. The currency circulating in different parts of the world could serve as a vehicle for transmission of drug resistant pathogenic or potential organisms and contamination could be due to currency usage and handling as mint notes were not contaminated. Cotton-based banknotes provide a fibrous surface, which provides ample opportunity for bacterial attachment Therefore, hygienic measures such as thorough hand washing with soap after using currency notes and ATM machine should be observed and the practice of keeping money in shoes and socks and under the carpets should be discouraged. Further, we should avoid the use of saliva during counting of currency notes as well as desist from placing money in the mouth and biting off corners of currency notes. Moreover, ready-to- eat food sellers should be educated to avoid possible cross contamination between currency notes and the food they sell. The most common isolated bacteria were bacillus. klebsellia. E. coli. Staph. aureus,. pseudmonus, Streto. fecales. Enterobacter, Macrococus. This study showed that the most contaminated bill denomination were those of low denomination (1,2 SDG). Notes obtained from Cafeterias and Drivers showed the highest rate of bacterial contamination.
Keywords
Bacillus, Klebsellia, E. coli, Staph Aureus, Pseudmonus, Streto Fecales, Enterobacter
To cite this article
Abd Elrahman Mustafa Abd Elrahman Osman, Shingray Osman Hashim, Mohammed Abdall Musa, Omer Mohammed Tahir, Aerobic Bacteriological Contamination of Sudanese Currency in Port Sudan, Sudan, International Journal of Chinese Medicine. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2017, pp. 132-136. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcm.20170104.15
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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