Incidence of American Tegumentary Leishmaniosis in the Municipality of Rondoland - MT in the Period 2010 to 2018
International Journal of Chinese Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 34-40
Received: Apr. 21, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 9, 2019;
Published: Jul. 23, 2019
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Gleison Faria, Nursing Course of the Institution of Higher Education, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Cacoal-Rondonia, Brazil
Graciely dos Santos da Luz, Nursing Course of the Institution of Higher Education, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Cacoal-Rondonia, Brazil
Thais Antunes Betin, Institution of Higher Education, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences of Cacoal, Rondonia, Brazil
American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ACL) is an infectious, non-contagious disease that causes ulcers on the skin and mucous membranes. The disease is caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The objective of the research was to verify the incidence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the municipality of Rondolândia - MT from 2010 to 2018. The methodology and of the transversal, documental, descriptive and quantitative type, the information will be obtained from the analysis of epidemiological data provided by health surveillance of the municipality of Rondolândia - MT, who were attended at the Hueverton basic health unit Bruno da Silva Rabelo, who will be separated through a questionnaire carried out by the researchers themselves containing 4 basic questions based on the SINAN compulsory notification form. It was verified that 40 cases of American tegumentary leishmaniasis were reported in the municipality of Rondolândia-MT between 2010 and 2018, 90.0% being male and 10.0% female in the age group with the highest incidence 18 to 59 years of age to 85.0% of the reports and 45.0% of the patients were brown, 95.0% of the patients presented skin lesions and were classified as new cases. The patients' diagnoses were confirmed by 85.0% laboratory, 90.0% of the patients were treated with pentavalent antimonial and 90.0% of the patients were from the rural area of the municipality of Rondolândia-MT. It is concluded that the incidence of cases of American tegumentary Leishmaniasis in the municipality of Rondolândia-MT has been increasing over the years, that is, approximately 1 case per 100 inhabitants, thus, the annual average of these cases corresponding to 5 cases of the annual disease. An urgent action is required by the health surveillance department of the municipality to carry out disease control, since if it continues without prevention in the municipality, this annual index may suffer a great increase over the years.
Graciely dos Santos da Luz,
Thais Antunes Betin,
Incidence of American Tegumentary Leishmaniosis in the Municipality of Rondoland - MT in the Period 2010 to 2018, International Journal of Chinese Medicine.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2019, pp. 34-40.
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