The Determinants of Fall in the Elderly at the Geriatric Center of Ouakam (Senegal)
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 24-29
Received: Mar. 17, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 25, 2019; Published: May 27, 2019
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Ousseynou Ka, Research Training Unit: Health and Sustainable Development of Alioune Diop University of Bambey, Bambey, Senegal
Boris Arthur Aboua Ghébi, Faculty of Médicine, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Research Training Unit: Health and Sustainable Development of Alioune Diop University of Bambey, Bambey, Senegal
Atoumane Faye, Faculty of Médicine, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Léye, Faculty of Médicine, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
Mamadou Diallo, Department of Letters and Linguistics of Gaston Berger University of Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Senegal
Souhaibou Ndongo, Faculty of Médicine, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
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In Sénégal, the reality of falls in the elderly, despite their being a serious problem, are not well-known to the général public because the epidemiological data do not take them into account. This study aims at analyzing falls in elderly people who come for consultation at the gerontology and geriatrics center of Ouakam, focusing in particular on their frequency and their determinants. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that was conducted from May 9 to July 10, 2016 at the Gerontology and Geriatrics Center. The population under investigation consisted of 210 patients with a female prédominance (61%), an average age of 69 years, 72% married, 22% practiced physical activity, 54% had a normal weight, 58% took more of a medicine. The most common pathologies were visual acuity (70%), arterial hypertension (52%), osteoarthritis (25%)... The most prescribed drug classes were hypotensives (33%), analgesics (13%), antidiabetics drugs (10%). The frequency of the falls in our population was 27% and they usually occurred at home (65%). The determinants of the falls were soil barriers (35%), loss of balance (22%), wet surfaces (16%), stairs (8%)... The number of medications taken per patient was only one factor statistically correlated with the number of falls. Bruising accounted for most of the mechanical complications (62%) but all patients had developed a phobia for falling again. Recommendations have been made for better management of these falls.
Falls, Elderly, Determinants, Geriatric Center, Senegal
To cite this article
Ousseynou Ka, Boris Arthur Aboua Ghébi, Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Atoumane Faye, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Léye, Mamadou Diallo, Souhaibou Ndongo, The Determinants of Fall in the Elderly at the Geriatric Center of Ouakam (Senegal), World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 24-29. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20190401.14
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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