Prevalence and Factors Associated with Psychosocial Distress Among Adolescents in Beninese Schools in 2016
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 55-64
Received: Jul. 22, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 29, 2019;
Published: Sep. 17, 2019
Views 551 Downloads 174
Agbohoui Houinato Olga, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Klikpo Tchédié Etdéchié Elvyre, Facullty of Health Sciences, National University Hospital Center of Psychiatrics of Cotonou, University of Abomey, Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Hounkpatin Benjamin, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Mother and Child Lagune (CHU MEL), University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Kpozehouen Alphonse, Regional Institute of Public Health (IRSP), University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Gbédji Kévin Yann, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Yoro Zohoun Inès, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Guédou Fernand, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin; Health Center of Sexually Transmitted Infections (DIST), Health Center of Cotonou, Cotonou, Bénin
Houinato Dismand Stéphan, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Perrin René Xavier, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Mother and Child Lagune (CHU MEL), University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Context: Adolescence is the period during which a person experiences significant physical, biological and emotional changes. The lack of attention to mental well- being of adolescents may have adverse consequences on their mental health. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychological distress in schooled adolescents and the factors associated with it. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2016 and involving 3,841 adolescents of 10 to 19 years from 40 secondary schools in Benin. Participants were selected using a 2-level random sampling technique. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire and were analyzed using Epi Info and Stata softwares. Associated factors were investigated by a logistic regression. Results: Mean age was 16.54 ± 0.04 years and sex ratio was 1.16. The prevalence of psychosocial distress was 10.8% CI95%: 9.44–12.15). Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between bullying, friendships, the class attended, the place of residence and the person with whom the adolescent lives. Teenagers who had been bullied were almost twice as likely to develop psychosocial distress. Having a close friend was a protective factor from psychosocial distress. Being in examination years (9th grade or final year of high school) increased by 4 times the risk of developing psychosocial distress. Conclusion: Psychosocial distress, previously mostly observed in developed countries, is now also reaching emerging countries. The implementation of urgent actions for the prevention of psychosocial distress is imposed on decision-makers.
Agbohoui Houinato Olga,
Klikpo Tchédié Etdéchié Elvyre,
Gbédji Kévin Yann,
Yoro Zohoun Inès,
Houinato Dismand Stéphan,
Perrin René Xavier,
Prevalence and Factors Associated with Psychosocial Distress Among Adolescents in Beninese Schools in 2016, World Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2019, pp. 55-64.
Bista B, Thapa P, Sapkota D, et al. Psychosocial Problems among Adolescent Students: An Exploratory Study in the Central Region of Nepal. Front Public Health 2016; 4: 7.
Ahmad A, Khalique N, Khan Z, et al. Prevalence of psychosocial problems among school going male adolescents. Indian J Community Med 2007; 32: 219.
Brundtland (Gro Harlem). WHO/The world health report 2001 - Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope. Genève: World Health Organisation.
Jellinek MS, Murphy JM, Little M, et al. Use of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist to screen for psychosocial problems in pediatric primary care: a national feasibility study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1999; 153: 254–260.
Polaha J, Dalton WT, Allen S. The Prevalence of Emotional and Behavior Problems in Pediatric Primary Care Serving Rural Children. J Pediatr Psychol 2011; 36: 652–660.
Wittchen HU, Nelson CB, Lachner G. Prevalence of mental disorders and psychosocial impairments in adolescents and young adults. Psychol Med 1998; 28: 109–126.
Keyes CLM. Promoting and protecting mental health as flourishing: a complementary strategy for improving national mental health. Am Psychol 2007; 62: 95–108.
Background-CDC Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS), https://www.cdc.gov/gshs/background/index.htm.
Pengpid S, Peltzer K. Bullying and Its Associated Factors among School-Aged Adolescents in Thailand. The Scientific World Journal, 2013, 2013: 1-6.
Siziya S, Mazaba ML. Prevalence and Correlates for Psychosocial Distress Among In-School Adolescents in Zambia. Front Public Health 2015; 3: 7.
Bennett S, Woods T, Liyanage WM, et al. A simplified general method for cluster-sample surveys of health in developing countries. World Health Stat Q Rapp Trimest Stat Sanit Mond 1991; 44: 98–106.
Zarrabi H, Najafi K, Kafi M, et al. Substance Use among Students of Guilan University of Medical Sciences in Iran in 2005-2006. Acta Med Iran 2009; 473–478.
Qorbani M, Kelishadi R, Taheri E, et al. Association between psychosocial distress with cardio metabolic risk factors and liver enzymes in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents: the CASPIAN-III study. J Diabetes Metab Disord 2014; 13: 44.
Breton JJ, Légaré G, Laverdure J, et al. Santé mentale. In: Institut de la Statistique Québec. Québec, 1999, pp. 443–448.
Tasmin F, Psych MRC, Goodman R, et al. The British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey 1999: The Prevalence of DSM-IV Disorders.
Sharifi M, Ranjbar M, Shamloo F. Mental health in female pre-university students in Qazvin, Iran, 2001. Dissertation for General Practitioner Degree, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
Costello EJ, Mustillo S, Erkanli A, et al. Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2003; 60: 837–844.
Gasquet I. Approche épidémiologique de l’évolution avec l’âge et le sexe de la dépression infanto-juvénile. Psychiatr L’enfant 1994; 27: 533–566.
Seiffe-Krenke I, Stemmler. Factors contributing to gender differences in depressive symptoms : A test of three developmental models. J Youth Adolesc 2002; 31: 405–417.
Galambos NL, Barker ET, Almeida DM. Parents do matter: trajectories of change in externalizing and internalizing problems in early adolescence. Child Dev 2003; 74: 578–594.
Leadbeater BJ, Blatt SJ, Quinlan DM. Gender-Linked Vulnerabilities to Depressive Symptoms, Stress, and Problem Behaviors in Adolescents. J Res Adolesc 1995; 5: 1–29.
Karaman Y, Cinkir S. Bullying among Turkish high school students. Child Abuse Negl 2006; 30: 193–204.
Picard L, Claes M, Melançon C, et al. Qualité des liens affectifs parentaux perçus et détresse psychologique à l’adolescence. Enfance 2007; Vol. 59: 371–392.
Ge X, Conger RD, Elder Jr. GH. Pubertal transition, stressful life events, and the emergence of gender differences in adolescent depressive symptoms. Dev Psychol 2001; 37: 404–417.
Helsen M, Vollebergh W, Meeus W. Social support from parents and friends and emotional problems in adolescence. J Youth Adolesc 2000; 319–335.