Prevalence and Factors Associated with Psychosocial Distress Among Adolescents in Beninese Schools in 2016
World Journal of Public Health
Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 55-64
Received: Jul. 22, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 29, 2019;
Published: Sep. 17, 2019
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Agbohoui Houinato Olga, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Klikpo Tchédié Etdéchié Elvyre, Facullty of Health Sciences, National University Hospital Center of Psychiatrics of Cotonou, University of Abomey, Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Hounkpatin Benjamin, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Mother and Child Lagune (CHU MEL), University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Kpozehouen Alphonse, Regional Institute of Public Health (IRSP), University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Gbédji Kévin Yann, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Yoro Zohoun Inès, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Guédou Fernand, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin; Health Center of Sexually Transmitted Infections (DIST), Health Center of Cotonou, Cotonou, Bénin
Houinato Dismand Stéphan, Epidemiologic Laboratory for Chronic and Neurological Diseases (LEMACEN), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Perrin René Xavier, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Mother and Child Lagune (CHU MEL), University of Abomey Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Context: Adolescence is the period during which a person experiences significant physical, biological and emotional changes. The lack of attention to mental well- being of adolescents may have adverse consequences on their mental health. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychological distress in schooled adolescents and the factors associated with it. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2016 and involving 3,841 adolescents of 10 to 19 years from 40 secondary schools in Benin. Participants were selected using a 2-level random sampling technique. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire and were analyzed using Epi Info and Stata softwares. Associated factors were investigated by a logistic regression. Results: Mean age was 16.54 ± 0.04 years and sex ratio was 1.16. The prevalence of psychosocial distress was 10.8% CI95%: 9.44–12.15). Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between bullying, friendships, the class attended, the place of residence and the person with whom the adolescent lives. Teenagers who had been bullied were almost twice as likely to develop psychosocial distress. Having a close friend was a protective factor from psychosocial distress. Being in examination years (9th grade or final year of high school) increased by 4 times the risk of developing psychosocial distress. Conclusion: Psychosocial distress, previously mostly observed in developed countries, is now also reaching emerging countries. The implementation of urgent actions for the prevention of psychosocial distress is imposed on decision-makers.
Agbohoui Houinato Olga,
Klikpo Tchédié Etdéchié Elvyre,
Gbédji Kévin Yann,
Yoro Zohoun Inès,
Houinato Dismand Stéphan,
Perrin René Xavier,
Prevalence and Factors Associated with Psychosocial Distress Among Adolescents in Beninese Schools in 2016, World Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2019, pp. 55-64.
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