ICT Deployment in Governance: A Potent Enabler of Accountability, Reliability and Transparency (ART) of Government Business
Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2018, Pages: 68-78
Received: Oct. 2, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 19, 2018;
Published: Nov. 9, 2018
Views 536 Downloads 38
Paschal Uchenna Chinedu, School of Science and Technology, National Open University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria
Yashe Hussaini, Department of e-Government, Federal Ministry of Communication Technology, Abuja, Nigeria
The main business of any governments irrespective of the tier or arm in focus should be to provide a stable political and economic environment. Government policies throughout the world should aim to promote fiscal responsibility, remove barriers to competition, ensure a framework for good governance, and ensure accountability, reliability, and transparency of functions. Where the required framework to support the attainability and sustainability of a “good” governance is lacking, the result is system plagued with numerous corrupt practices resulting in lawlessness, intense poverty, high unemployment rate, inequalities and lack of justice, etc. This paper unveils the role of ICT in driving accountability, reliability and transparency of government business in an electronic environment (e-government) by investigating the presence of indexes of good governance, the role of e-government for the overall reform and transformation of government business, and the long run impact on stimulating a knowledge-based society. The paper investigates the benefits accrued from ICT and e-government implementation. Further, the research adopts quantitative (hypothetic deductive) methodology, which design administered a survey instrument in the form of a questionnaire. The results of the quantitative analysis were discussed and interpreted in relation to the key issues of the research. Result validates that ICT or e-Government as a major pillar of the governance in driving accountability, reliability and transparency among public servants and institutions in Nigeria. The outcome of this study will be a useful guide to the government of Nigeria on some relevant implementation strategies and policy or regulatory needs, as well as the general public on how e-Governance can play a critical role in the sustainable growth and development of the Nigerian economy, as well as fight against anti-corruption war.
Paschal Uchenna Chinedu,
ICT Deployment in Governance: A Potent Enabler of Accountability, Reliability and Transparency (ART) of Government Business, Engineering Mathematics.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2018, pp. 68-78.
Scheiner, C. W. (2014). The Importance of Social Media as Source of Information in the Technology Identification in Dependence of External and Internal Factors, International Conference on Social Computing and Social Media: Social Computing and Social Media, 103-112, 2014.
Akunyili, D. (2010) ICT and E-Government In Nigeria: Opportunities and Challenges – An Address by the Hon. Minister of Information and Communications, Prof. Dora Akunyili, at the World Congress on Information Technology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 25th-27thmay 2010.
Chinedu, P. U. (2015). Virtual Organisation: ICT Strategy for Creating Corporate Value in the Global Marketplace. Approved by: Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumbria University, Diss., 2008. Saarbrucken, Deutschland/ Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. ISBN: 978-3-659-70895-4.
Baryamureeba, V. (2007). ICT as an Engine for Uganda’s Economic Growth: The Role of and Opportunities for Makerere University. International journal of computing and ICT research, 1 (1), 47 - 57. Retrieved on October 25, 2007 from http:www.ijcir.org/volume1-number1/article6.pdf.
Dalvit, L., Thinyane, M., Muyingi, H. & Terzoli A. (2007). ‘The Deployment of an e-Commerce Platform and Related Projects in a Rural Area in South Africa’. International Journal of Computing and ICT Research, 1(1), 9 – 18. Retrieved on October 25, 2007 from http:www.ijcir.org/issue1/article 2.
Ingham J. (2003). E-mail overload in the UK workplace. Aslib Proceedings, 55 (3), 166-180.
Floridi, L. (2007). A look into the future impact of ICT on our lives. The Information Society, 23 (1), 59-64.
Okonji, E. (2018). Nigeria Tops Three Global Internet Consumer List, Says Opeke. ThisDay, 2018, March 7.
Sagarmay, D. (2014). Information Technology, Its Impact on Society and Its Future. Advances in Computing, 4(1), 25-29, 2014.
Ademigbuji, A. (2016). Strategic communication as tool for nation building. The Nation.
Ajibola, A. (2018). We Have Two Republic in Nigeria, Channels Television, 2018, March 11.
Aramayo-Carega, G. O. (2009). ICT for Development: ICT and e-Government. Monday, June 15, 2009. Available online at http://ictanddevelopment.blogspot.com.ng/2009/06/ict-and-e-governance.html (Accessed: 26/09/2016).
Abasilim, U. D., & Edet, L. I. (2005). E-Governance and Its Implementation Challenges in the Nigerian Public Service. ACTA UNIVERSITATIS DANUBIUS Vol. 7, no. 1/2015 30.
Shilubane, J. (2001). E-Government: An Overview, Service Delivery Review. A Learning Journal of Public Services Managers.
Budhiraja, R (2003). Electronic Governance – A Key Issue in the 21st Century, Additional Director, Electronic Governance Division, Ministry of Information Technology, Government of India. Available: http://www.mit.gov.in /eg/article2.htm.
Ojo, J. S. (2014). E-Governance: An Imperative for Sustainable Grassroots Development in Nigeria. Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research, vol. 6 (2), pp. 77-89.
Ayo, C. K. (2014). Information and Communication Technology as a lever for innovation in leadership. In T. Abioye., C. Awonuga and A. Amuwo. Leadership and Innovation in Africa’s Development Paradigm. Ota: Covenant University Press.
Dada, D. (2006). The Failure of E-Government in Developing. A Literature Review. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries. 22 (3).
Osterwalder, A. (nd). ICT in developing countries A cross-sectoral snapshot. Available online at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.14.1358&rep=rep1&type=pdf (Accessed: 28/09/2016).
Sheridan, W & Riley, T. B (2006) Common Wealth centre for E-governance. E-government monitor, Monday 3 July, 2006.
Backus, M (2001) E-governance and Developing Countries: Introduction and examples, Research Report, No3, April 2001.
Palvia, S. C. J & Sharma S. S (2007) E-government and E-governance: Definitions/framework and status around the world. Computer society of India.
Moon, M. J (2002) The evolution of E-governance among Municipalities: Rhetoric or Reality? Public Administration, 62: 424-433.
Bakry, S. H (2004) Development of E-government: A Stope View. International Journal of Network Management, 14(5) 339-350.
Miller & Walling (2013) “Government in the 21st century, New Avenues of Study: Taking sides: New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Sunday, O. J (2014) E-governance: An Imperative for sustainable grass root development in Nigeria. Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research. Vol.6 (4) pp77-89.
Ndou, V. (2004). E-government for developing countries: opportunities and challenges. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries vol. 18, no. 1, pp.1-24.
Seifert, J. (2003). A primer on E-government: Sectors, stages, opportunities, and challenges of online Governance. Report for Congress, 2003. Accessed on 14 October, 2005, from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/.
Rubin, B. and Wang, H. (2012). Embedding e-finance in e-government: a new e-government framework. Electronic Government, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 362-373.
Cohen, S. & William, W. (2002). The Future of E-government: A Projection of Potential Trends and Issues. Columbia University.
NOIE (2003). E-government Benefits Study, Common wealth of Australia, Canberra.
OECD (2003). OECD E-Government Flagship Report “The E-Government Imperative,” Public Management Committee, Paris: OECD.
Halachmi, A. & Greiling, D. (2011) Transparency and E-Government: Some issues and considerations International Rutgers Conference on Transparency. Institut für Management Accounting, Johannes Kepler Universität, Linz, Austria. Available online at (Accessed: 27/09/2016).
Abu-Shanab, E. A. (ND) The Relationship between Transparency and Egovernment: An Empirical Support. MIS Department, IT College, Yarmouk University. Available online at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.646.3781 (Accessed: 27/09/2016).
Mistry, J. J. & Jalal, A. (2012). An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between e-government and Corruption. The International Journal of Digital Accounting Research Vol. 12, 2012, pp. 145 – 176 ISSN: 1577-8517.
Bertot, J. C., Jaeger, P. T. & Grimes, J. M. (2010) Using ICTs to create a culture of transparency: E-gover. nment and social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies. ScienceDirect: e lsevier Journals. Government Information Quarterly 27 (2010) 264–271. Available online at www. e lsevier.com/locate/govinf (Accessed: 27/09/2016).