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Fabrication of Alternative Bolus for Cobalt-60 Teletherapy Using Two Locally Available Materials
Engineering Physics
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 15-18
Received: Apr. 9, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 8, 2020; Published: Aug. 4, 2020
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Abayomi Moses Olaosun, Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Caleb Ayoade Aborisade, Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria; Department of Physical Sciences, First Technical University, Ibadan, Nigeria
Iyobosa Blessing Uwadiae, Department of Radiation Oncology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Denen Eric Shian, Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Fatai Akintunde Balogun, Center of Energy Research and Development, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
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Bolus is a tissue equivalent material which is use in radiation therapy in order to eliminate skin sparing effect of higher energy photon beams that always reduce the surface dose. There are several commercially bolus material such as Superflab, Aquaplast and gels for use but literature have shown that they are expensive and are not readily available in developing countries. This work presents the fabrication of an alternative bolus for Cobalt-60 Teletherapy using two locally available materials (Beeswax and Petroleum jelly). Beeswax was liquefied at a temperature of 60°C followed by the addition of Petroleum jelly at ratio 3:1 by weight for proper molding and flexibility. In order to determine the depth of maximum dose, Thermoluminescent Dosimeter (TLD) chips were inserted in between ten bolus materials of thickness 0.5 cm that were arranged in layers and placed on a solid water phantom. This was then irradiated with Cobalt-60 radiation source using field size ranging from 5 cm x 5 cm to 10 cm x 10 cm field size. For all the field size, maximum absorbed dose was found to be at 0.5 cm depth. This depth of maximum dose was compared to two tissue equivalent materials in use in radiation therapy: water and Superflab for Cobalt-60 Teletherapy and found to be in agreement. The percentage dose deviation when compared with water for 1 cm, 2 cm, 3 cm, 4 cm and 5 cm were less than 2%. The flexibility of the bolus material and the analysis of the absorbed dose measured have shown that the fabricated bolus material of thickness 0.5 cm can be used as an alternative bolus material for Cobalt-60 Teletherapy.
Bolus Materials, Absorbed Dose, Cobalt-60, Teletherapy, Field Size
To cite this article
Abayomi Moses Olaosun, Caleb Ayoade Aborisade, Iyobosa Blessing Uwadiae, Denen Eric Shian, Fatai Akintunde Balogun, Fabrication of Alternative Bolus for Cobalt-60 Teletherapy Using Two Locally Available Materials, Engineering Physics. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 15-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ep.20200401.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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