Phytochemical Screening of the Ethanolic Leaves and Root Extract of Scoparia Dulcis
International Journal of Environmental Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2018, Pages: 39-42
Received: Oct. 2, 2018; Accepted: Oct. 19, 2018; Published: Nov. 21, 2018
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Authors
Muhammad Sani Nahannu, Department of Chemistry, School of Science Education, Sa'adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso, Nigeria
Samirah Idris Umar, Department of Biology, FCT College of Education, Zuba, Nigeria
Abdullahi Danbaba Abdullahi, Department of Chemistry, School of Science Education, Sa'adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso, Nigeria
Jamila Muhammad Hassan, Department of Adult and Non-formal Education, School of Education, Sa'adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso, Nigeria
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Abstract
Plants are rich in several secondary metabolites and are a major source of chemical diversity, they are a potential source of new drugs for man whose use to control diseases is a centuries-old practice. Scoparia dulcis is an important medicinal plant, belonging to the family Scrophulariaceae. It is locally known as Rumafada in northern Nigeria. The plant is a small, much branched, glabrous, leafy annual herb or under shrub with erects or ascending branches. The objective of this study was to carry out phytochemical screening of the stem and root extract of S. dulcis. The phytochemicals screened includes; alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, phenols, reducing sugars, and terpenoids using standard methods. The ethanolic root and leaves extract of Scoparia dulcis (Scophulareacea) was investigated phytochemically. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of the extract revealed the presence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids and phenols. Cardiac glycosides, anthraquinones, and reducing sugars were absence in this investigation.
Keywords
Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Ethanol, Scoparia Dulcis, Phytochemical
To cite this article
Muhammad Sani Nahannu, Samirah Idris Umar, Abdullahi Danbaba Abdullahi, Jamila Muhammad Hassan, Phytochemical Screening of the Ethanolic Leaves and Root Extract of Scoparia Dulcis, International Journal of Environmental Chemistry. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2018, pp. 39-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ijec.20180202.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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