Assessment of Ground and Surface Water Quality for Irrigation at Dumki, Patuakhali in Bangladesh
Journal of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2018, Pages: 74-81
Received: Oct. 14, 2018;
Accepted: Nov. 7, 2018;
Published: Jan. 7, 2019
Views 233 Downloads 50
Tanvir Ahamed Hira, Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Kabirul Islam, Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nowrose Jahan Lipi, Department of Agronomy, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Monirul Islam, Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Isfatuzzaman Bhuyan, Department of Agronomy, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mahbuba Ferdous, Department of Soil Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Follow on us
Water is one of the most valuable natural resource on earth but its quality is very much important and its quality as well as its utilization for irrigation. The present observation was carried out to find out the quality of 50 ground and surface water samples collected from 5 unions at Dumki upazila under Patuakhali district. The chemical analysis of water samples including pH, EC, K+, Na+, PO43- and SO42-. The pH of ground and surface water were 7.22 to 8.47 and 6.56 to 8.51. The EC of ground and surface water were 620 to 4400 and 160 to 590 µScm-1. The EC of ground water was higher than the surface water. The PO43- concentration of ground and surface water were 0.12 to 0.80 and 0.0531 to 0.4248 mgL-1. The SO42- concentration of ground and surface water were 3.33 to 18.76 mgL-1 and 5.504 to 17.364 mgL-1. The concentration of PO43- and SO42- in all collected water samples were within the safe limit for irrigation and the concentration of Na+ of ground and surface water were 40.35 to 83.63 mgL-1 and 13.54 to 26.73 mgL-1. The Na+ concentration was higher in ground water than the surface water. K+ concentration of the ground and surface water were 4.11 to 29.79 mgL-1 and 11.64 to 89.73 mgL-1 respectively. The K+ concentrations of ground and surface water were not the safe limit for the irrigation. The SO42- concentration in this area was estimated within the safe limit for drinking.
Ground Water, Surface Water, Irrigation, Dumki, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
To cite this article
Tanvir Ahamed Hira,
Mohammad Kabirul Islam,
Nowrose Jahan Lipi,
Mohammad Monirul Islam,
Mohammad Isfatuzzaman Bhuyan,
Assessment of Ground and Surface Water Quality for Irrigation at Dumki, Patuakhali in Bangladesh, Journal of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2018, pp. 74-81.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ahmed, M.; Talukder, M. S. U. and Majid, M. A. 1993. Quality of Groundwater for Irrigation in Muktagacha Area. Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh 21(3): 91-98.
APHA (American Public Health Association)1995. Standard Methods for the Erarnination of Water and Waste Water . 19th edn. Pub. by American Water Works Association (AWWA) &Water Environmental Federation (AWWA) . pp.1-12 to 3-55.
Bohn, H. L., McNeal, B. L. and 0' Conner, G. A. 1985. Soil Chemistry. 2nd Edn. John Wiley and Sons. New York. pp. 239-245.
Golteman, H. L. and Clymo, R. S. 1971. Methods for Chemical Analysis of fresh water IBP Handbool NO. Blackwell Scientific Publications Oxford and Endenbough. pp. 42-46.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research.2nd edn. An International Rice Research Institute Book. A Wiley-Interscience publication, New York. pp. 442-443.
Hunt, D. T. E. and Wilson, A. L. 1986. The Chemical Analysis of Water –General Principles and Techniques, 2nd edn. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, pp. 29-43.
Tandon, H. L. S, (Fd.) 1995. Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plant, Waters and Fertilizers. Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organization, New Delhi. pp. 84-90.
USEPA (United states Environmental protection Agency). 1975. Federal Register, 40 (248): 59566-59588.
Who (World Health Organization). 1971. International standards for drinking water. In Karanth, K. R., Ground water Assesment Development and Management. Tata McGraw-Hill publishing Comp. Ltd., New Delhi, India, pp.248-249.
Wolf, B. 1982. A comprehensive system of Leaf Analysis and its use for diagnostic crop nutrient Status. Communication in Soil science and plant analysis, 13 (12): 1044-1045.