Changes in Physical Properties of Red Soils "Terre de Barre” in South of Togo Under Different Compost Application Doses
American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 159-164
Received: Nov. 6, 2019;
Accepted: Dec. 7, 2019;
Published: Dec. 23, 2019
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Alate Koffi-Kouma Akouete, Department of Soil Sciences, Laboratory of Research on Agroresources and Environmental Health, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
Mawussi Gbenonchi, Department of Soil Sciences, Laboratory of Research on Agroresources and Environmental Health, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
Ayisah Kwasi Dzola, Department of Phytotechny and Plant Breeding, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
Sanda Komla, Department of Soil Sciences, Laboratory of Research on Agroresources and Environmental Health, Higher Agronomy School, University of Lome, Lome, Togo
This work deals with assessing the impact of compost of household waste and poultry manure on physical properties of red soils commonly called “Terre de barre” in southern Togo. Field experiments were conducted in coastal zone of Togo during four seasons of crops alternating tomato-maize-tomato- maize. Two types of composts were applied at doses of 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 t ha-1 respectively. One of the composts was elaborated with 100% of household solid wastes and the other with 70% of household wastes mixed with 30% of poultry manure. On each plot, composts were incorporated into the soil depth layers of 0 – 15 cm. Soil samples were randomly collected in surface layer (0 - 15 cm) from plots for measurement of organic matter content, bulk density, total porosity and moisture content. Soil water infiltration rates were measured in situ in the field using infiltration rate double ring cylinder. The results showed that composts affected the soil parameters studied. Soil bulk densities were reduced. However, organic matter content, total porosity, moisture retention and water infiltration rate increased with compost application doses increasing. Finally, it can be concluded that household waste compost has pronounced effects on the physical properties of red soils in southern Togo. Composting of household urban solid wastes will solve environmental problem and will contribute to improve soil quality and agricultural productivity.
Alate Koffi-Kouma Akouete,
Ayisah Kwasi Dzola,
Changes in Physical Properties of Red Soils "Terre de Barre” in South of Togo Under Different Compost Application Doses, American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2019, pp. 159-164.
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