A Web-Scaffolding GIS Method of Spatial Planning with Rural Buildings for Teaching/Learning in Higher Education Research
Higher Education Research
Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2016, Pages: 23-29
Received: Oct. 27, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 9, 2016; Published: Dec. 8, 2016
Views 2995      Downloads 72
Authors
Jin Su Jeong, Department of Science and Mathematics Education, Training Teaching School, University of Extremadura, Caceres, Spain
David Gonzalez-Gomez, Department of Science and Mathematics Education, Training Teaching School, University of Extremadura, Caceres, Spain
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
In higher education research, computer and information technologies are getting increased consideration and attention. These technologies can be integrated into the design education through taking into account a scaffolding mechanism, which will support activities of teaching/learning in a distributed environment. This research presents a digital-based scaffolding geographic information systems (GIS) teaching/learning strategy to support architecture, urban and landscape design undergraduate students’ spatial planning in a distributed design environment, especially for suitable site selection of rural buildings as an approach in higher education research. The aim of this work is to investigate the measurement and verification of the strategy proposed, which would support architecture, urban and landscape design undergraduate students to have more understanding of spatial planning in a collaborative learning context while having communication with teachers and/or experts. In a collaborative teaching/learning context, it supports learning outcomes and interaction effects of architecture, urban and landscape design undergraduate students. Here, the web model proposed adapted a spatial planning methodology and its examination for integrating a rural building in a case study area (Hervas, Spain). Using the web-based GIS model, architecture, urban and landscape design undergraduate students can correctly plan and design a rural building as using various categorized factors and taking favors from them. Moreover, the web model can support architecture, urban and landscape design undergraduate students who request communication from teachers and/or experts in a dispersed location. Hence, the web-based scaffolding GIS information model can be an approaching method to assess the competence and efficiency of using scaffoldings in encouraging teaching/learning activities for architecture, urban and landscape design undergraduate students. It is to improve meta-cognitive consciousness and in addition to knowledge achievement with regard to spatial GIS planning processes in a disseminated design environment. Thus, it is to satisfy a mix of architecture, urban and landscape design undergraduate students with different requirements in a collaborative learning project context.
Keywords
Web-Based GIS, Scaffolding Teaching/Learning, Rural Buildings, Design Undergraduate Education, Spatial Planning, Collaborative Learning, Higher Education Research
To cite this article
Jin Su Jeong, David Gonzalez-Gomez, A Web-Scaffolding GIS Method of Spatial Planning with Rural Buildings for Teaching/Learning in Higher Education Research, Higher Education Research. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 23-29. doi: 10.11648/j.her.20160101.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
González-Gómez, D., Jeong, J. S., Airado Rodríguez, D., Cañada-Cañada, F., Performance and perception in the flipped learning model: an initial approach to evaluate the effectiveness of a new teaching methodology in a general science classroom, Journal of Science Education and Technology, Vol. 25, 2016, pp. 450-459.
[2]
Linn, M. C., Clark, D., Slotta, J. D., WISE design for knowledge integration, Science Education, Vol. 87, No. 4, 2003, pp. 517-538.
[3]
Roschelle, J. M., Pea, R. D., Hoadley, C. M., Gordin, D. N., Means, B. M., Changing how and what children learn in school with computer-based technologies, Future of Children, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2000, pp. 76-101.
[4]
Eagen, W., Ngwenyama, O., Prescod, F., The design Charette in the classroom as a method for outcomes-based action learning in IS design, Information Systems Education Journal, Vol. 6, No. 19, 2008, pp. 1-11.
[5]
Kuiper, E., Volman, M., Terwel, J., Developing Web literacy in collaborative inquiry activities, Computers & Education, Vol. 52, No. 3, 2009, pp. 668-680.
[6]
Senbel, M., Cirling, C., White, J. T., Kellett, R., Chan, P. F., Precedents reconceived: urban design learning catalysed through data rich 3-D digital models, Design Studies, Vol. 34, 2013, pp. 74-92.
[7]
Jeong, J. S., González-Gómez, D., Cañada-Cañada, F., Students’ perceptions and emotions toward learning in a flipped general science classroom, Journal of Science Education and Technology, Vol. 25, 2016, pp. 747-758.
[8]
Kim, M. C., Hannafin, M. J., Scaffolding problem solving in technology-enhanced learning environments (TELEs): bridging research and theory with practice, Computers & Education, Vol. 56, No. 2, 2011, pp. 403-417.
[9]
Kirschner, P. A., Sweller, J., Clark, R. E. Why minimal guidance during instruction does not work: an analysis of the failure of constructivist, discovery, problem-based, experiential, and inquiry-based teaching, Educational Psychologist, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2006, pp. 75-86.
[10]
González-Gómez, D., Airado Rodríguez, D., Cañada-Cañada, F., Jeong, J. S., A comprehensive application to assist in acid−base titration self-learning: an approach for high school and undergraduate students, Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 92, 2015, pp. 855-863.
[11]
Chen, S. Y., Macredie, R., Web-based interaction: a review of three important human factors, International Journal of Information Management, Vol. 30, No. 5, 2010, pp. 379–387.
[12]
Sharma, P., Hannafin, M. J., Scaffolding in technology-enhanced learning environments, Interactive Learning Environments, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2007, pp. 27-46.
[13]
Davis, E. A., Miyake, N., Explorations of scaffolding in complex classroom systems, Journal of the Learning Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2004, pp. 265-272.
[14]
Reiser, B. J., Scaffolding complex learning: the mechanisms of structuring and problematizing student work, Journal of the Learning Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2004, pp. 273-304.
[15]
Jeong, J. S., García-Moruno, L., Hernández-Blanco, J., Integrating buildings into a rural landscape using a multi-criteria spatial decision analysis in GIS-enabled web environment, Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 112, No. 2, 2012, pp. 82-92.
[16]
Lazonder, A. W., Minimalist instruction for learning to search the world wide web, Education and Information Technologies, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2001, pp. 161-176.
[17]
García-Moruno, L., Jeong, J. S., The study of building integration into the surrounding rural landscape: Focus on implementation of a Web-based MC-SDSS and its validation by two-way participation, Land Use Policy, Vol. 57, 2016, pp. 719-729.
[18]
Schön, D., The architectural studio as an exemplar of education for reflection-in-action, Journal of Architectural Education, Vol. 38, No. 1, 1984, pp. 2-9.
[19]
Jaraíz, F. J., Mora, J., Gutiérrez, J. A., Jeong, J. S., Comparison of regional planning strategies: countywide general plans in USA and territorial plans in Spain, Land Use Policy, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2013, pp. 758-773.
[20]
Jeong, J. S., García-Moruno, L., Hernández-Blanco, J., Jaraíz-Cabanillas, F., An operational method to supporting siting decisions for sustainable rural second home planning in ecotourism sites, Land Use Policy, Vol. 41, 2014, pp. 550-560.
[21]
Renger, M., Kolshoten, G., Devreede, G., Challenges in collaborative model - a literature review and research agenda, International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, Vol. 4, 2008, pp. 248-263.
[22]
Jeong, J. S., García-Moruno, L., Hernández-Blanco, J., Sánchez-Ríos, A., Planning of rural housings in reservoir areas under (mass) tourism based on a fuzzy DEMATEL-GIS/MCDA hybrid and participatory method for Alange, Spain, Habitat International, Vol. 57, 2016, pp. 143-153.
[23]
Jeong, J. S., García-Moruno, L., Hernández-Blanco, J., A site planning approach for rural buildings into a landscape using a spatial multi-criteria decision analysis methodology, Land Use Policy, Vol. 32, 2013, pp. 108-118.
[24]
Simão, A., Densham, P. J., Haklay, M., Web-based GIS for collaboration planning and public participation: an application to the strategic planning of wind farm sites, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 90, 2009, pp. 2027-2040.
[25]
Jeong, J. S., Montero-Parejo, M. S., García-Moruno, L., Hernández-Blanco, J., The visual evaluation of rural areas: a methodological approach for the spatial planning and color design of scattered second homes with an example in Hervás, Western Spain, Land Use Policy, Vol. 46, 2015, pp. 330-340.
[26]
Dave, B., Koskela, L., Collaborative knowledge management – a construction case study, Automation in Construction, Vol. 18, 2009, pp. 894-902.
[27]
Jankowski, P., Nyerges, T., Smith, A., Moore, T. J., Horvath, E., Spatial group choice: a SDSS tool for collaborative spatial decision-making, International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, Vol. 11, No. 6, 1997, pp. 577-602.
[28]
Jeong, J. S., García-Moruno, L., Hernández-Blanco, J., Un modelo web para la asistencia en la toma de decisiones en la integración de las construcciones rurales mediante planificación espacial multi-criterio (A decision-supporting web model for integrating rural buildings with multi-criteria spatial planning), Informes de la Construcción, Vol. 66, No. 533, 2014, e004.
[29]
Jeong, J. S., Hernández-Blanco, J., García-Moruno, L., Approaches to validating a mutual participatory web-planning interface in rural Extremadura (Spain), Land Use Policy, Vol. 39, 2014, pp. 211-223.
[30]
Di Facio, J., La progettazione dell’edilizia rurale nei suoi rapporti con il paesaggio (The rural building design in its relations with the landscape), Rivista di Ingegneria Agraria, Vol. 10, 1988, pp. 379-385.
[31]
Schmitt, H., Landschaftbezogenes Bauen in Baden-Wüttemberg (Landscape-related building in Baden-Württemberg. Agricultural engineering), Landtechnik, Vol. 2, 2003, pp. 88-89.
[32]
INE., Instituto nacional de estadística (National Statistical Institute), 2011, Retrieved from. http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=%2Ft20%2Fe260%2Fa2011%2F&file=pcaxis&N=&L=0.
[33]
Kangas, J., Store, R., Internet and teledemocracy in participatory planning of natural resources management, Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 62, 2003, pp. 89-101.
[34]
Umar, A., Object-oriented client/server internet environments, Prentice Hall Press, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1997.
[35]
Hamilton, A., Trodd, N., Zhang, X., Fernando, T., Watson, K., Learning through visual systems to enhance the urban planning process, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Vol. 28, No. 6, 2001, pp. 833–845.
[36]
Polanyi, M., The tacit dimension, Doubleday, Garden City, 1996.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186