Capturing Household Preferences on Solid Waste Management Services in Urban Areas of Developing Countries
Journal of Business and Economic Development
Volume 2, Issue 2, May 2017, Pages: 123-130
Received: Dec. 20, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 5, 2017; Published: Feb. 3, 2017
Views 2341      Downloads 61
Daudi Bigirwa, Department of Forest Economics, Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Felister Mombo, Department of Forest Economics, Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Article Tools
Follow on us
Solid waste generation is an increasing global problem. The problem is more pronounced in developing countries due to experienced budget constraints and lack of strong institutions in the management of waste collections and disposals. Local government authorities in Tanzania have made efforts to ensure proper solid waste management especially in urban areas. Despite these initiatives solid waste management is still a key environmental problem in most urban areas of the country. This may be due to non-inclusion of household preferences on solid waste management when designing solid waste management services. A Choice Experiment Method was used in this study to determine household preferences on solid waste management services in order to design sustainable solid waste management services in Kinondoni municipality. The results showed that both low and high income households in Kinondoni Municipality prefer solid waste management services. The mostly preferred solid waste management service attributes were frequency of solid waste collection and use of vehicles while provision of polythene bags attribute was not preferred by households. The findings showed that are high variations in household preferences for solid waste management services caused mainly by socio-economic characteristics such as income. In order to improve solid waste management in Kinondoni municipality, policy makers and solid waste management service providers should incorporate household preferences on solid waste management services when designing these services.
Choice Experiment, Household Preferences, Solid Waste Management Service, Solid Waste Management Service Attributes, Willingness to Pay, Implicit Price
To cite this article
Daudi Bigirwa, Felister Mombo, Capturing Household Preferences on Solid Waste Management Services in Urban Areas of Developing Countries, Journal of Business and Economic Development. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 123-130. doi: 10.11648/j.jbed.20170202.18
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
United Nations Environment Program (2004). Use of Economic Instruments in Environmental Policy, Opportunities and Challenges. United Nations Environment Program, Geneva. 121pp.
Kassenga, G. R. and Mbuligwe, S. E. (2004). Feasibility and strategies for anaerobic digestion of solid waste for energy production in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Resources Conservation and Recycling 42: 183–203.
Othman, J. (2002). Household Preferences for Solid Waste Management”. The Economy and Environment Program for South East Asia, Malaysia. 54pp.
Kassim, S. and Ali, M. (2006). Solid Waste Collection by the Private Sector: Households' perspective findings from a study in Dar es Salaam city. Tanzania. Habitat International 30: 769–780.
Majani, B. and Halla, F. (1999). Innovative ways for solid waste management in Dar es Salaam: Towards stakeholder partnerships. Habitat International 23 (3): 351–361.
Bubegwa, S. (2012). An overview of solid waste management in the city of Dar es Salaam. Paper Presented at the East Africa Solid Waste Management and Gas to Energy Best Practices Workshop, Mauritius, 10–13 September, 2012.
Research on Poverty Alleviation (2002). The Role of Privatisation in Providing the Urban Poor Access to Social Services: The Case of Solid Waste Collection in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Research Report No. 2. Mkuki na Nyota Publisher Ltd., Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 61pp.
Thomas, E. J. and Rahel, N. M. (2013). Reflections on 20 years of solid waste management reforms in Tanzania. The Case of the Sustainable Dar es Salaam Project. The Macrotheme Review 2 (4): 1–15.
Lancaster, K. (1966). A new approach to consumer theory. Journal of Political Economics 74: 217–231.
McFadden, D. (1974). Conditional logit analysis of qualitative choice behaviour. In: Frontiers of Econometrics. (Edited byZarembka, P.), Academic Press, New York. pp. 105–142.
Hanley, N., Mourato, S. and Wright, R. E. (2001). Choice modelling approaches: A superior alternative for environmental valuation? Journal of Economic Surveys 15: 435–462.
Birol, E. and Das, S. (2010). Estimating the value of improved wastewater treatment. The case of River Ganga, India. Journal of Environmental Management 91 (11): 2163–2171.
Alpizar, F., Carlsson, F. and Martinsson, P. (2001). Using choice experiments for non-market valuation. Economic Issues 8 (1): 83–109.
Louviere, J. J., Hensher, D. A. and Swait, J. D. (2000). Stated Choice Methods: Analysis and Applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 402pp.
Das, S., Birol, E. and Bhattacharya, R. (2008). Informing Efficient and Effective Solid Waste Management to Improve Local Environmental Quality and Public Health. Application of the Choice Experiment Method in West Bengal, India, Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, UK. 20pp.
Jin, J., Wang, Z. and Ran, S. (2006). Comparison of contingent valuation and choice experiment in solid waste management programs in Macao. Ecological Economics 57 (3): 430–441.
Solomon, T. (2007). Households’ willingness to pay for solid waste management options: A Case of Yeka Sub-city, Addis Ababa. Dissertation for Award of MSc Degree at Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 86pp.
Yonas, B. (2010). Analysis of households’ preferences for improved solid waste management in Adama Town: Application of Choice Modeling. Dissertation for Award of MSc Degree at Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 93pp.
Greene, W. H. (2002). Econometric Analysis. (5th Edition), Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 827pp.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186