An Empirical Study on the Influence of Internal and External Effects of Human Capital on Business Performance
Journal of Business and Economic Development
Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 74-80
Received: Jun. 12, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 10, 2019; Published: Jul. 23, 2019
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Authors
Wenjie Yang, School of Business, Lingnan Normal University, Zhanjiang, China
Shun-Ho Chu, School of Business, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China
Zhe Liu, School of Business, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China
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Abstract
Human resources is one of the important driving forces for the company's business performance growth; therefore, this has caused companies to pay attention to the concept of human capital and human resource management of human capital structure. For a company, the value of the company does not come entirely from physical assets, but also from intangible assets; therefore, the education and skills of employees are critical. This study selects annual data of China's 33 listed energy companies from 2012 to 2017, and uses revenue capacity and return on investment in human capital as the dependent variable, employee’s education years, educational Gini index, average employees’ compensation, average top managements’ compensation and ratio of skillful employees to total employees as the independent variables, to employ panel data methods to empirically study the impact of human capital on business performance from the perspective of internal and external effects. The empirical results show that the employee’s education years and educational Gini index in the company's internal effects have a positive impact on business performance. On the other hand the average employees’ compensation and average top managements’ compensation in the company's in the company's external effects have a positive impact on business performance. The conclusion of this study: is that human capital of Chinese listed energy companies plays an important role in business performance.
Keywords
Human Capital, Business Performance, Educational Gini Index
To cite this article
Wenjie Yang, Shun-Ho Chu, Zhe Liu, An Empirical Study on the Influence of Internal and External Effects of Human Capital on Business Performance, Journal of Business and Economic Development. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2019, pp. 74-80. doi: 10.11648/j.jbed.20190403.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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