Impact of Water Governance Regimes on Forage Characteristics and Soil Properties in Kajiado County, Kenya
International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 27-35
Received: Jul. 22, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 20, 2019;
Published: Dec. 20, 2019
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Stanley Jawuoro, African Climate Leadership Program, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Erick Omollo, African Climate Leadership Program, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Manei Naanyu, African Climate Leadership Program, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Danny Simatele, Department of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Consolata Muhindi, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Nairobi, Kenya
Water governance regimes have a profound effect on vegetation and soil attributes. This is because they directly impact on grazing patterns. Kenyan peri-urban drylands are grappling with climate change and variability, population spill-over from neighboring towns and cities and land degradation that put strain on water resources. Water demand therefore outstrips supply. Sustainable water governance regimes are therefore a prerequisite for climate change resilience, building of adaptive capacities and reduction of climate induced vulnerabilities. This study sought to evaluate the impact of various water regimes on vegetation and soil attributes. Organizational and operational characteristics of diverse water governance regimes were studied and measured against respective vegetation and soil physio-chemical attributes. Soil and vegetation data was analyzed using one-way ANOVA on GenStat 15th edition. The study revealed a shifting trend from traditional water resource management institutions to more formalized regimes. Both public and private water governance regimes and systems existed though most of these lacked proper documentation and clearly defined terms of engagement among relevant actors. These systems applied diverse water management approaches creating significance differences in plant species diversity (p<0.05, F=0.565), richness (p<0.05, F=14.717), soil organic carbon (p<0.001, F=10.67), pH (p<0.05, F=4.84) and particle size distribution (p<0.05, F=5.72) because of varying extents of range access and use. This study concluded that there is need for integrating indigenous knowledge into modern water governance approaches for sustainable crop and livestock production systems. Both national and devolved governance structures should therefore invest in awareness and capacity building to enhance knowledge and skill transfer that would spur development of ecologically, socially and economically responsive systems aimed at augmenting climate resilience of current and emerging production systems and livelihoods.
Impact of Water Governance Regimes on Forage Characteristics and Soil Properties in Kajiado County, Kenya, International Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2019, pp. 27-35.
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