PIXE Elemental Analysis of Boroujerd’s Tap Water
Nuclear Science
Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2017, Pages: 31-36
Received: Dec. 14, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 14, 2016; Published: Feb. 21, 2017
Views 3128      Downloads 108
Abdolkazem Ansarinejad, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
Goudarzi Maryam, Departmentof Physics, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd, Iran
Moradi Mahmoud, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
Article Tools
Follow on us
In this study, we carried out Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) analysis of tap water from several houses located in different parts of Borojerd city In Iran. A 2.0 MeV proton beam was employed to excite the samples. The concentration of these elements varied from one month to other depending on session but the average elemental concentrations during a complete year seams invariant. The main objective of this work was to characterize and to monitor the trace elements in drinking water, as well as to provide valuable information about the levels of heavy metallic pollutions. The experimental results of trace elements analysis of drinking water of city of Borujerd which was sampled in different months during a year, has been presented by a spectrum of X-rays (in mg/lit) and graphs of quality concentration of elements. Our results were within the permissible limits reported by International standards, and WHO guidelines for drinking water quality and could be observed that the drinking water of Borojerd lacks any toxic trace elements and heavy metals.
Water Pollution, PIXE, Accelerator, Trace Elements
To cite this article
Abdolkazem Ansarinejad, Goudarzi Maryam, Moradi Mahmoud, PIXE Elemental Analysis of Boroujerd’s Tap Water, Nuclear Science. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 31-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ns.20170202.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Anan N, Action of trace element in the drinking water on the cardiovascular system, Gig. Sanit., 1987, 10, 75.
Bostrom H and Waster PO., Trace elements in drinking water and death in cardiovascular disease, Acta Med. Scand., 1982, 181 (4), 465.
Heck D, Ochs A, Klempnow A, Maier K and Kratt, Localized chanes of trace elements concentration within diseased human liver lobules, Nucl. Instr. And Meth. 1987, 22, 196.
Doha Al Nouri, et.al., Quality Characteristics of Commonly Consumed Drinking Water in Riyadh and Effect of Domestic Treatments on Its Chemical Constituents, Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 2014, Vol. 2, No. 1, 25-33.
Ivankievicz Ed., Takacs S. And Kovace Z., Oral center and trace elements in drinking water, or S., 1980, 63(11), pp. 321-325.
Yamazaki H. et al, PIXE Elemental Analysis of Drinking Water Supplie, Int. J. PIXE 12, 209 (2002).
Al-Bedri M. B., Abdul Ghani J., PIXE Elemental Analysis of Mineral, Tap and Ground Water, International Journal of PIXE 20(03n04). April 2012
Mourkides, G. A. et al. Remove from marked Records Elemental analysis of water and sediments by external beam PIXE. Chemistry and Ecology 1990, Vol. 4 No. 2 pp. 65-83.
Prasad A. Essential trace elements in human health and disease, J. Am. Coll. Nutr., 4(1), 1985, pp.1-2.
Takacs S. Dental caries and trace elements in drinking water, Drv. Hetil., 1982, 113(20), pp.1062-1064.
Johansson, S. A. E, Campbell J. L, Malmqvist K. G, "Particle Induced X-Ray Emission Spectrometry", John Wiley & sons, October 1995.
Van Grieken R. Operational guide on Sampling Storage and Sample preparation procedures for XRF Analysis of Environmental Materials, IAEA, 1996.
Farshid E., Rezaei D., Ansarinejad A., Proton interaction with material in low energy and application's in analysis materials, 4th National Conference of Physics of Particles and Fields, 22-23 January 2013, Azad University of Tehran. Proceeding, pp. 192-195
W.H.O., Guideline for Drinking Water Quality, Geneva, 1993.
Zuane J. Handbook of Drinking Water Quality Standards and controls, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990, 17.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186