American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 26-30
Received: Mar. 3, 2018;
Accepted: Mar. 19, 2018;
Published: Apr. 10, 2018
Views 1422 Downloads 126
Cuixiang Zhong, Department of Physics, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, China
The discovery of quasars is one of the four great discoveries of astronomy in 1960s. Although the discovery of quasars is very interesting, but it has also brought some difficult problems for human being: are quasars stars or galaxies? Why the luminosity of the most powerful quasars is thousands of times greater than the luminosity of a large galaxy such as the Milky Way whose size is larger than the quasars by millions of times? Why the observed quasars are distant objects? If the redshift of a quasar is cosmic redshift? These problems have long plagued the people in suspense. Fortunately, the author of this paper, through studying the formation and orbit-variation of satellites, planets and stars, has put forward a new theory of galactic structure, therefore revealing the hierarchical structure of galaxies and the existence and characteristics of black holes as the main nodes of galactic structure, especially revealing the formation and essence of quasars and solving all the problems mentioned above. The author found that quasar is essentially a supermassive black hole covered by an extreme thick and dense atmosphere. When such a black hole revolves around its progenitor and whirls on its axis fast, lots of cloud clumps would bump each other to cause immense electricity and thunder, forming strong radio source and high luminosity. The mass of the ancestral quasar billions of light years away from the earth is about 1000 times the total mass of the entire Milky Way galaxy, so its energy output would be 1000 times more than the energy released by the entire Milky Way galaxy. Since a quasar revolves around its progenitor and whirls on its axis fast, therefore the redshift of a quasar is indeed cosmic redshift.
The Formation and Essence of Quasars and Their Connections with Galaxies, American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 26-30.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Matthews T A, Sandage, A R. ApJ, 1963, 138:30.
Schmidt M. Nature, 197:1040.
Wu X B, Wang F, Fan X et al. Nature, 2015, 518:512.
Cui-xiang Zhong, The Real Reason for the Earth and Other Planets to Move Away from the Sun as Well as Natural Measures to Mitigate Global Warming, 2016, International Journal of Geophysics and Geochemistry.
Sackmann, I.-J., et al., 1993, Our Sun. III. Present and Future, ApJ, 418, 457.
Schawinski, K., et al., 2008, Supernova Shock Breakout from a Red Supergiant, Science, 223, 226.
Laughlin, G., et al., 1997, The End of the Main Sequence, ApJ, 420, 426.
Krause, O., et al., 2008, The Cassiopeia A Supernova was of Type IIb, Science, 1195, 1197.
Brazier, K. T. S., et al., 2013, The implications of radio-quiet neutron stars, MNRAS305, 671.
O'Leary, R. M., et al., 2006, Binary Mergers and Growth of Black Holes in Dense Star Clusters". ApJ, 637, 937.
Kermendy, J. & Ho, L. C. Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 2013, 51, 511:653.
Häiring, N. & Rix, H.-W. ApJ, 2004, 604, L89-L92.
Venemans, B. Nature, 2015, 518:512.
Alam S, Albareti F D, Prieto C A et al. ApJS, 2015, 219:12.
Wang F G, Wu X B, Fan X et al, ApJL, 2015, 807:L9.