American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 31-38
Received: Apr. 5, 2018;
Accepted: May 19, 2018;
Published: Jun. 28, 2018
Views 1438 Downloads 131
Martin Beech, Campion College at the University of Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada; Department of Physics, The University of Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
Mark Comte, Department of Physics, The University of Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
From an observational standpoint the Chant Meteor Procession of 9 February, 1913 is particularly remarkable, being especially noted for its long ground track of at least 15,000 km, and for the slow motion and near parallel to the horizon paths adopted by the meteors. The circumstances surrounding the Procession are re-considered here in terms of the successive entry of multiple meteoroid clusters. These clusters are in turn considered to be derived from a temporarily captured Earth orbiting object that has undergone disaggregation. It is suggested that the general observational accounts of the Procession can be explained through the sequential entry of multiple meteoroid clusters that moved through the Earth’s atmosphere on grazing-incident trajectories. It is further suggested that the parent object to the Procession, prior to its breakup, may have been no more than 3 to 4-m across.
The Chant Meteor Procession of 1913 – Towards a Descriptive Model, American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2018, pp. 31-38.
C. Chant, 1913. An extraordinary meteoric display. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 7, 144–215.
C. Chant, 1913. Further information regarding the meteoric display of February 9, 1913. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 7, 438–447.
W. F. Denning, 1913. Notes on the great meteoric stream of 1913, February 9th. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 7, 404–413.
W. H. Pickering, 1922. The meteoric procession of February 9, 1913. Popular Astronomy, 30, 632–637.
W. H. Pickering, 1922. The meteoric procession of February 9, 1913- Part II. Popular Astronomy, 31, 96–104.
A. D. Mebane, 1956. Observations of the great fireball procession of 1913 February 9, made in the United States. Meteoritics, 1, 405–421.
D. W. Olson, and S. Hutcheon. 2013. The Great Meteor Procession of 1913. Sky and Telescope Magazine, February.
J. G. Hills, and M. P. Goda, 1997. Meteoroids captured into Earth orbits by grazing atmospheric impacts. Planetary and Space Science, 45, 595-602.
M. Beech. 2003. The Millman Fireball Archive I. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 97, 71–77.
M. Beech. 2004. The Millman Fireball Archive II. Sound reports. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 99, 34–41.
M. Beech, P. Brown, R. Hawkes., Z. Ceplecha., K. Mossman & G. Wetherill. 1995. The fall of the Peekskill meteorite: Video observations, atmospheric path, fragmentation record and orbit. Earth, Moon and Planets, 68, 189–197.
J. Borovicka, P. Spurny., P. Brown., P. Weigert, P. Kalenda., D. Clark & L. Shrbeny. 2013. The trajectory, structure and origin of the Chelyabinsk asteroid impactor. Nature, 503, 235-237.
M. Beech. 2014. Electrophonic Sound Generation from the Chelyabinsk Fireball. Earth, Moon and Planets, 113, 31-43.
C. C. Wylie, 1939. The radiant and orbit of the meteors of February 9, 1913. Popular Astronomy, 6, 291–302.
J. A. O’Keefe, 1959. A probable natural satellite: the meteor procession of February 9, 1913. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 53, 59-65
J. A. O’Keefe, 1964. Tektites and the Moon. NASA Technical Report: https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19640005370.pdf
R. M. L. Baker, 1958. Ephemeral Natural Satellites of the Earth. Science, 128, 1211–1213.
M. Granvik, J. Vaubaillon and R. Jedicke, 2012. The population of natural Earth satellites. Icarus, 218, 262-277.
G. Fedorets, M. Granvik and R. Jedicke, 2017. Orbit and size distributions for asteroids temporarily captured by the Earth-Moon system. Icarus, 285, 83-94.
JPL Small-body database browser: https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi?sstr=2006RH120.
D. L. Clark et al., 2016. Impact detection of temporarily captured natural satellites. The Astronomical Journal, 151: 135 (15pp).
M. Beech. 2014. Grazing impacts upon Earth’s surface: towards an understanding of the Rio Cuarto crater field. Earth, Moon and Planets, 113, 43–71.
R. Clift, J. R. Grace, and M. E. Weber, 2005. In Bubbles, Drops and Particles, Academic Press, New York.
H. J. Melosh and T. J. Goldin, 2008. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, 2457.pdf
J. M. Picone, A. E. Hedin, D. P. Drob, A. C. Aiken, 2002. NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparisons and scientific issues. Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 107, SIA15.
O. Popova, et al., 2011. Very low strengths of interplanetary meteoroids and small asteroids. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 46, 1525-1550.
C. S. L. Keay. 1992. Electrophonic sounds from large meteor fireballs. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 27, 144-148.
Z. Ceplecha, 1994. Earth-grazing daylight fireball of August 10, 1972. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 283, 287–288.
E. Shoemaker, 1962. In, Physics and Astronomy of the Moon. Kopal, Z (Ed.). Academic Press, New York. p. 283.
M. Beech, 1989. The Great Meteor of August 17th, 1783. Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 99, 130–134.
D. W. Olson et al., 2010. Walt Whitman’s Year of Meteors. Sky and Telescope, July.
P. Chodas. https://cneos.jpl.nasa.gov/fireballs/intro.html (accessed May, 2018).
W. Cooke. https://fireballs.ndc.nasa.gov/ (accessed May 2018).
M. Zolensky, P. Bland, P. Brown, and I. Halliday. 2006. In Meteorites and the Early Solar System II. Edited by Dante S. Lauretta and Harold Y. McSween Jr. University of Arizona Press.
N. Gi, and P. Brown. 2017. Refinements of bolide characteristics from infrasound measurements. https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1704/1704.07794.pdf
P. Bland. 2015. Catching a falling star (or meteorite) – Fireball camera networks in the 21st century. Elements magazine, 160-161, June.
C. Caudron, et al., 2016. Infrasound and seismic detections associated with the 7 September 2015 Bangkok fireball. Geoscience letters, 3:26.
O. Popova, et al., 2013. Chelyabinsk Airburst, Damage Assessment, Meteorite Recovery, and Characterization. Science. 342, 1069–1073.
W. Edwards, D. Eaton, and P. Brown. 2008. Seismic observations of meteors: coupling theory and observations. Reviews of Geophysics, 46, RG4007.