Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof – The Fundamental Flaw in the Spectral Analysis of Gravity Wells
International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 1-17
Received: Dec. 14, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 29, 2017;
Published: Jan. 30, 2018
Views 250 Downloads 13
Conrad Ranzan, DSSU Research, Astrophysics Department, Niagara Falls, Canada
The Sachs-Wolfe Effect, a popular wavelength modifying hypothesis involving galaxy clusters and cosmic voids, is based on the belief that a propagating photon gains energy (is blueshifted) during its descent into a gravity well and loses energy (is redshifted) during the ascent as it escapes from the gravity well. A straightforward proof exposes the underlying flaw ---a flaw that extends to the spectral analysis of gravity wells, and hills, in general. The argument is based on three undeniable properties; no reputable physicist refutes these. (1) The photon is not a point-like particle; the particle of light is an extended entity. (2) The three dimensional space of the Universe is not a region of nothingness. (3) Gravity’s influence on photons involves altering the propagation direction and changes to the wavelength. Remarkable agreement with observational evidence is presented. The logic of the arguments and the supporting evidence lead to truly profound implications for cosmology: The expanding-universe hypothesis is untenable. It turns out, we live in a Dynamic Steady State Universe.
Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof – The Fundamental Flaw in the Spectral Analysis of Gravity Wells, International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-17.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
P. Coles, The Routledge Critical Dictionary of the New Cosmology, Penguin Books, London, 1999, p316.
R. K. Sachs, and A. M. Wolfe, “Perturbations of a Cosmological Model and Angular Variations of the Microwave Background,” Astrophysical Journal, 1967 147: 73. (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1967ApJ...147...73S).
Wikipedia: Sachs-Wolfe effect. https://en..org/wiki/Sachs%E2%80%93Wolfe_effect (accessed 2017-07-11).
ISW Effect. http://background.uchicago.edu/~whu/physics/isw.html (accessed 2017-7-13).
István Szapudi, “The Emptiest Place in Space,” Scientific American, 2016 August; p33.
Henri Poincaré, The Theories of Modern Physics, Science and Hypothesis, The Walter Scott Publishing Co., New York, N. Y., 1905; chap 10, p169.
Tom Siegfried, Strange Matters, Berkley Books, New York, 2004, p175.
A. Einstein, (1922) Sidelights on Relativity, translated by: G. B. Jeffery, and W. Perret, Methuen & Co. London; republished unabridged and unaltered: Dover, New York, 1983, p23.
A. S. Eddington, Chap 6. Gravitation–The Law, in The Nature of the Physical World, The Macmillan Company, New York, 1929, p137.
A. Einstein, (1922) Sidelights on Relativity, translated by: G. B. Jeffery, and W. Perret, Methuen & Co. London; republished unabridged and unaltered: Dover, New York, 1983, p23-24.
C. Ranzan, “The Dynamic Steady State Universe,” Physics Essays Vol. 27, No. 2, 2014, pp. 286-315. (Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4006/0836-1398-27.2.286).
C. Ranzan, “DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence,” Physics Essays, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2015, pp455-473. (Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4006/0836-1398-28.4.455).
C. Ranzan, “Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law, Without c Without H,” Galilean Electrodynamics Vol. 25, No.3, 2014 (May/June), pp43-55. (Posted at: www.CellularUniverse.org).
E. Wright, Webpage FAQ: http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/cosmology_faq.html (accessed 2017-10-9).
Wikipedia: Dark Energy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_energy (accessed 2017-10-9).
István Szapudi, “The Emptiest Place in Space,” Scientific American August 2016; p35.
R. T. Cahill, Index of Research Papers: http://www.mountainman.com.au/process_physics/index_of_papers.htm.