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Examining Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Food Labels Among Consumers in Enugu State, Nigeria – A Baseline Survey
International Journal of Law and Society
Volume 3, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages: 221-231
Received: Dec. 1, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 9, 2020; Published: Dec. 25, 2020
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Felicia Nwanne Monye, Department of Commercial and Corporate Law, Faculty of Law, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
Nkoli Nwakego Ezumah, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Jane Ani, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Herbert Umezuruike, Department of Commercial and Corporate Law, Faculty of Law, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
Festus Okechukwu Ukwueze, Department of Commercial and Corporate Law, Faculty of Law, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
Ebelechukwu Lawretta Okiche, Department of Jurisprudence and Legal Theory, Faculty of Law, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
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Food is an essential component of human existence but it must be healthy and nutritionally balanced to perform its functions effectively. Hence emphasis is placed on labelling of pre-packed foods at global and national levels. Nigeria operates a mandatory food labelling system. The sector regulator, the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) has, over the years, issued successive regulations on labelling of pre-packaged foods, the latest being the Pre-Packaged Food, Water and Ice (Labelling) Regulations 2019 which repealed and replaced the Pre-Packaged Food (Labelling) Regulations 2005 and Bottled Water Labelling Regulations 1996 (NAFDAC Web, 2019). This study examined the knowledge, attitude and practice towards food labels among consumers in Enugu State, Nigeria. Among the issues covered were the laws regulating food labelling in Nigeria; level and sources of knowledge about food labels; attitude of consumers in Enugu State towards food labels; how uneducated consumers cope with accessing food label information; and willingness of consumers to purchase or consume unlabelled food products. The study was a cross-sectional, descriptive survey involving consumers and sellers of pre-packaged foods in two Local Government Areas in Enugu State, namely Enugu East (urban) and Nkanu (rural) using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Data from the survey showed that 30 consumers, representing 14.9% of the consumers in the study were not aware of the laws that require mandatory food labelling in Nigeria. Similarly, many consumers in both the In-depth Interviews (IDIs) and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) displayed lack of awareness of such laws. The study further revealed a correlation between the level of knowledge and attitude towards food labels on one hand and the level of education, geographical location and socio-economic standing of consumers on the other. Intensive enlightenment programmes to educate consumers on the need to read and be guided by food labels are recommended.
Consumer Protection, Consumer Knowledge, Consumer Attitude, Consumer Practice, Food Labels, Labelling Regulations
To cite this article
Felicia Nwanne Monye, Nkoli Nwakego Ezumah, Jane Ani, Herbert Umezuruike, Festus Okechukwu Ukwueze, Ebelechukwu Lawretta Okiche, Examining Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Food Labels Among Consumers in Enugu State, Nigeria – A Baseline Survey, International Journal of Law and Society. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2020, pp. 221-231. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20200304.20
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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