Response of Application Time and Method of Inorganic Phosphorus Fertilizer on Irish Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Production at Bore and Anasora Area, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia
International Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 45-54
Received: Nov. 14, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 5, 2018; Published: Jan. 7, 2019
Views 871      Downloads 118
Solomon Teshome, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia
Tekile Bobo, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia
Beriso Wako, Oromia Agriculture Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Optimizing fertilization brings tangible benefits such as higher yields and lower fertilizer costs, but also assures the sustainability of agricultural businesses. Appropriate nutrient application at critical time is often a crucial and increase rapidly during the tuber bulking phase and then slow as the plant matures. In recent years, however, some producers have applied some or all of the fertilizer in a concentrated and in inefficient form at a time carelessly. There is a limiting knowledge regarding time and appropriate method of application. The field trials were conducted during 2016 and 2017 main cropping season at the Bore Agricultural Research Centre on site and Ana sora on farm which is located in Guji Zone of Southern Ethiopia to evaluate the best P application time and method. The treatments consisted of Five (5) levels of application time (pre-planting (10DBP), at planting, at first weeding, at first earthingup and second earthingup stage (45DAP) and three (3) levels of application methods (band placement (localized placement or spot application), side dressing and broadcasting) will be arranged in RCBD with factorial arrangement of three replications. Sprouted tubers was planted on plot size of 2.1mx 3.5m and spacing of 30cm between plants and 70 cm between rows. The plot consists of five rows and seven plants per single row, totally 35 plants per plot. A distance of 0.6m and 1.4m was left between plots and blocks, respectively. Data were collected on growth, yield, yield components and disease incidence and severity. The two years combined data analysis results revealed that the interaction effect of fungicides and potato varieties had influenced significantly (P<0.05) response on days to 50% flowering, 50% maturity, plant height, number of tubers per hill, stem number per plant, marketable tuber yield and unmarketable tuber yield and total tuber yield. The highest economic yield (50.2 t ha-1 and 49.98 t ha-1) was obtained from the combined use of phosphorus at planting with banding. Generally, as a conclusive and recommendation, Irish potato growers at Bore, Ana sora and surrounding area need to grow Irish potato by applying phosphorus fertilizer at time of planting with banding method of application thereby phosphorus recovery can be improved for better use of plants.
Days Before Planting, Days After Planting, Method, RCBD, Phosphorus, Potato, Time
To cite this article
Solomon Teshome, Tekile Bobo, Beriso Wako, Response of Application Time and Method of Inorganic Phosphorus Fertilizer on Irish Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Production at Bore and Anasora Area, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia, International Journal of Animal Science and Technology. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, pp. 45-54. doi: 10.11648/j.ijast.20180204.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Albertsson, B. (2012). Riktlinjer för gödsling och kalkning 2013. Jönköping 90 pp.
Allison, M. F., Fowler, J. H. and E. J Allen (2001). Effects of soil and foliar applied phosphorus fertilizers on the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) crop. Journal of Agricultural Science. 137: 379-395.
Baker, J. L. and J. M. Lafln (1982). Effects of corn residue and fertilizer management on soluble nutrient runoff loss. Trans. ASAE. 25:344-348.
Bennett W. F (1993). Nutrient deficiencies and toxicities in crop plants: American Phytopathological Society., 202 p.
Bruinsma J (2009). The resource outlook to 2050. In: Expert Meeting on “How to Feed the World in 2050”, 24–26 June 2009, FAO, Rome, Italy.
Cisse, L. and B. Amar (2000). The importance of Phosphatic fertilizer for increased crop production in developing countries. In: Proceedings of the AFA 6th International Annual conference.
Cook R. J and RJ Veseth (1991). Wheat Health Management. The American Phytopathological Society, pp: 152, USA.
Covarrubias-Ramírez, J., Castillo-Aguilar, S., Vera-Núñez, J., Núñez-Escobar, R., Sánchez-García, P., Aveldaño-Salazar, R. and J Peña-Cabriales (2005). Phosphorus uptake and use efficiency by potato cultivar Alpha using 32P. Agrociencia 39 (2): 127-136.
Dampney, P., Johnson, P., Goodlass, G., Dyer, C. and AS Sac (2002). Review of the response of potatoes to phosphate. DEFRA project PE0108, 52.
Dean BB (1994). Cultivation, fertilization, and irrigation. In: Managing the potato production system. Haworth Press, Inc. New York. Pp: 69–83.
Dubois O (2011). The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture: Managing Systems at Risk. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Gerwing, J. and R. Gelderman (2005). South Dakota fertilizer recommendations guide. Sep. 2005. EC750. South Dakota Coop. Ext. Serv., South Dakota State Univ., Brookings. Available online at EC750.pdf (verified 14 Aug. 2009).
Grewal, J. S., Trehan, S. P. and, RC Sharma (1993). Phosphorus and potassium nutrition of potato. Advances in Horticulture 7:262–97.
Griffith B (1983). Efficient uses of phosphorus fertilizer in irrigated land. Soil Science Journal, 148: 7-9.
Harris PM (1992). Potato crop: The Scientific Basis for Improvement. Chapman and Hall (Vol 2). 730 pp.
Hussain, M. Z. and IU Haq (2000). P sorption capacities of KPK soils. In: Proceedings of symposium on integrated plant nutrient management held at Islamabad on 8-10 November 1999. Pp: 284-296.
IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Jenkins, P. and H Ali (1999). Growth of potato cultivars in response to application of phosphate fertilizer. Annals of Applied Biology 135 (1), 431-438.
Leikam, D. F., L. S. Murphy, D. E. Kissel, D. A. Whitney, and HC Moser (1983). Effects on nitrogen and phosphorus application method and nitrogen source on winter wheat grain yield and leaf tissue phosphorus. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 47:530-535.
Marschner H (1995). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants: Academic Press; (2nd). 889 p.
O'Brien, P. J., Allen, E. J. and DM Firman (1998). A review of some studies into tuber initiation in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) crops. The Journal of Agricultural Science 130 (03), 251-270.
Olson, RA, AF, Dreir, GW Lowrey, and AD Flowerday (1956). Availability of phosphate carriers to small grains and subsequent clover in relation to: II. Concurrent soil amendments. Agronomy. Pp: 48:111-116.
Phillips, A. B. and JR Webb (1971). Production, marketing and use of P fertilizers. In: Fertilizer Technology and Use (2nd Edition) SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Qureshi, SA (1978). Green revolution can be revitalized in Pakistan. Paper presented in seminar on “Wheat Research and Production”, held on August 1978 at Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad.
Rehm, G., G. Randall, J. Lamb, and R Eliason (2006). Fertilizing corn in Minnesota. FO-3790-C. Rev. 2006. Minnesota Cooperative Extension Service. St. Paul., MN. Available online DC3790.html (verified 14 Aug. 2009).
Sanchez PA (2002). Soil fertility and hunger in Africa. Science 295, 2019–2020.
Rengel Z. and P Marschner (2005). Nutrient availability and management in the rhizosphere: exploiting genotypic differences. New Phytologist 168 (2):305-312.
Roman FD and T William (1993). Studied the effect of phosphorus behavior under different soil texture. Soil Sci. J., 158: 47-49.
Sasson A (2012). Food security for Africa: an urgent global challenge. Agricultural Food Security PP: 1–16.
Sims, A. L. and L. J. Smith (2002). Use of Starter Fertilizer to Reduce Broadcast Applications of Phosphorus. 2002 Sugar beet Research and Extension Reports. 33:94-99.
Shapiro CA, RB Ferguson, GW Hergert, AR Dobermann, and CS Wortmann (2003). Fertilizer suggestions for corn. G74-174-A. Rev. Nov. 2003. Nebraska Coop. Ext. Serv., Univ. Nebraska, Lincoln. Available online at jsp/publication=142 (verified 14 Aug. 2009).
Sims, J. T. and, A. N Sharpley (2005). Phosphorus: Agriculture and the Environment. Madison: American Society of Agronomy, inc. Agronomy monograph no. 46. ISBN 0891181571, 1071p.
Sleight DM, DH Sander, and GA Peterson (1984). Effect of fertilizer phosphorus placement on the availability of phosphorus. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 48:336-340.
Stark, JC, Westermann, DT and B Hopkins (2004). Nutrient management guidelines for Russet Burbank potatoes. Moscow: University of Idaho, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences. University of Idaho Bulletin; (840), 12 p.
Statistical Analytical System, (2003). SAS/STAT users Guide for Personal Computers Version 9.1.3: SAS-Institute. Cary, North Carolina.
Syers, J. K., A. E. Johnson, and D. Curtin (2008). Efficiency of soil and fertilizer phosphorus use: Reconciling changing concepts of soil phosphorus behavior with agronomic information. FAO Fertilizer of Plant Nutrition. Bull. 18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Tukaki JL and RL Mahler (1990). Evaluation of nutrient solution phosphorus concentration on potato plantlet tuber production under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition 13 (1), 149-168.
Walkley, A. and CA Black (1934). An examination of different methods for determining soil organic matter and the proposed modification by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sciences, 37: 29-38.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186