Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Relative to the Use of Condoms Against Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS in Academic Environment: February to July 2018
International Journal of Homeopathy & Natural Medicines
Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 12-17
Received: Mar. 8, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 16, 2019; Published: May 20, 2019
Views 670      Downloads 82
Authors
Bahati Rusimbuka Marcel, Department of Geochemistry and Environment, Goma Volcano Observatory, Goma, DR Congo
Fatuma Maheshe Esther, Department of Family Medicine, GESOM Hospital, Goma, DR Congo
Bisimwa Maheshe Mathieu, Department of Geodesy and Deformation, Goma Volcano Observatory, Goma, DR Congo
Seza Bintu Diane, Department of Geodesy and Deformation, Goma Volcano Observatory, Goma, DR Congo
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study entitled "Knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to the use of condoms in the fighting against sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS in academic environment» meets the need to identify the level of knowledge, know-how and know-be of students of the ISTM-Goma on the use of condoms to fight and protect themselves from STI. This study focused on 937 students represented by 281 students of Superior Institute of Medical Techniques of Goma, registered in G1, G3, and L2 during the 2017-2018 academic year constituting our sample. It results that: students know the condom (94.3%). Information about condom use-way remains the school, sexual partner, friends and media. Students 71.2% know male and female condoms. Almost all; 92.2% of students say that condoms protect from STI. Thus, all of the students (respondents) say that the condom is for single use. 79.7% of the students of the ISTM-Goma use condoms during sexual relations. Masculine students use more condoms (90.1%) than feminine students (71.9%). Age does not influence the use of condoms in relationships. Less than a quarter (18.5%) of students at ISTM-Goma use systematically condoms during sexual relations and 42.0% use it on each occasional sexual relation. Only 32.7% of women of the ISTM regularly use condoms compared to 67.3% of men. More than half of the ISTM students use the condom for a long time (over 2 years); or 55.2%. ISTM-Goma students impose the use of condoms to their sexual partners, at 54.1%. More than half of the students cancel relation when the sexual partner refuses the use of condoms. The rip (tear) is the most quoted inconvenience by students: 66.2%. Religion-belief (48.6%) constituted the commonest barrier to condom-use. In finish; Students know condoms, ways of knowing them are school, partner friend and medias; they know two kinds of condoms: male and female. Students know that they (condoms) protect against sexual transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS, and they know how to put it. More of them pay condoms in pharmacies. More of students impose the use of condoms to partners; when partner does refuse to use it, more than the half cancel relation. Rip of condom is the high annoyance gotten. Students are favourable to the use of condoms to fight against STI and HIV/AIDS; religions don’t allow their believers to use condoms.
Keywords
Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, HIV/AIDS, Students, Sexual Transmitted Infections, ISTM, Goma
To cite this article
Bahati Rusimbuka Marcel, Fatuma Maheshe Esther, Bisimwa Maheshe Mathieu, Seza Bintu Diane, Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Relative to the Use of Condoms Against Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS in Academic Environment: February to July 2018, International Journal of Homeopathy & Natural Medicines. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 12-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhnm.20190501.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Dr. F. Toudeft: Etude sur les connaissances, attitudes et comportements des jeunes universitaires en matière de l’infection à VIH/SIDA: Evaluation des actions de proximité; 2010.
[2]
ROCARE: Perceptions, Attitudes et Pratiques face au VIH/SIDA dans les universités de Ouagadougou, de Bobo-Dioulasso et de Koudougou: la réponse de l’intelligentsia burkinabé est-elle adéquate ?; Mars 2007.
[3]
URD (2006) «Prévalence du VIH chez les jeunes, connaissances attitudes et pratiques en matière de VIH/SIDA auprès de la population générale au Togo et sur la disponibilité et l'accès au préservatif»; Rapport d’étude, Lomé, Mars 2011.
[4]
LMDE Santé des Etudiants: 3ème Enquête Nationale sur la Santé des Etudiants, Novembre 2010-janvier 2011.
[5]
Médecins d’Afrique: «Sensibilisation VIH à Goma/ Nord Kivu dans le cadre de la Journée Mondiale de Lutte contre le VIH», Rapport d’activités, Décembre 2011.
[6]
ONUSIDA; Rapport sur l’épidémie mondiale de SIDA; 2009.
[7]
ONUSIDA; Rapport sur l’épidémie mondiale de SIDA; 2013.
[8]
PNMLS: LUTTE CONTRE LE VIH ET LE SIDA EN RDC, REALISATIONS ET DEFIS, 2008.
[9]
PNMLS: Rapport d’activité sur la riposte au VIH/SIDA en RD Congo, 2012.
[10]
Province du Nord-Kivu: Document de stratégie de réduction de la pauvreté, décembre 2005.
[11]
Mahamane Sanil LA, Jinson L, Mahamadou Kamaye I, Djibo H. Condoms Use Among Resident Students at the University Abdou Moumouni Campus in Niamey/Niger. Austin J Public Health Epidemiol. 2014; 1 (1): 1002.
[12]
Adinma JIB, Adinma ED, Eke NO, Umeononihu OS (2016) Condom-Use by Students in a Higher Educational Institution in South Eastern Nigeria. J Comm Pub Health Nurs 2: 127. doi: 10.4172/2471-9846.1000127.
[13]
République Démocratique du Congo, Ministère de la Santé, PNLS, Rapport annuel 2017.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186