Exclusive Breast Feeding Prevalence and Associated Factors an Institutional Based Cross Sectional Study in Bahir dar Northwest Ethiopia
International Journal of Homeopathy & Natural Medicines
Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 42-49
Received: Jan. 24, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 25, 2019; Published: Jul. 15, 2019
Views 621      Downloads 87
Authors
Ewnetu Bazie, Amhara Regional State Health Bureau, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Amsalu Birara, Department of Environmental Health, School of public Health Collage of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Ewenat G/hanna, Department of General Master of Public Health, Addis Continental Institute of Public Health (ACIPH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Exclusive breastfeeding is accepted as the best natural form of infant feeding up to six months and has a protective effect against morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of exclusively breastfeeding and associated factors during the first six months among mothers who was attending in Bahir Dar public health centers and private pediatric clinics. An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted on mothers with infants six-twelve months of age. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to determine the final sample size of 634 participants. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select the eligible mothers. The result show that, The overall rates of exclusively breast feeding were 46.7%. Mothers who are currently in union [(AOR=0.176 (0.058, 0.536)], urban residence mothers [(AOR=0.375 (0.211, 0.664)], not sick infants [(AOR=4.441 (2.404, 8.094)], adequate knowledgeable mothers [(AOR=3.570 (2.367, 5.383)] and favorable attitude mothers [(AOR=2.537 (1.729, 3.724)] were significant association towards exclusively breast feeding. Exclusively breast feeding was significantly low in Bahir Dar city administration health care facility attendant mothers.. Therefore health education should be focused on urban societies, mothers with sick infants, to raise their knowledge and change attitude of mothers towards the many benefit of exclusive breast feeding both in public and private health care facilities so as to increase the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding.
Keywords
Breast Feeding Prevalence, Breast Feeding Practices, Associated Factors
To cite this article
Ewnetu Bazie, Amsalu Birara, Ewenat G/hanna, Exclusive Breast Feeding Prevalence and Associated Factors an Institutional Based Cross Sectional Study in Bahir dar Northwest Ethiopia, International Journal of Homeopathy & Natural Medicines. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 42-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhnm.20190501.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Singh B. Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast feeding a case study. European jornal of scientific research. 2010; 40: 404-22.
[2]
Organization WH. Infant and young child feeding: Model Chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals. 2009.
[3]
Mihrshahi S IN, Shuaib M, Oddy W, Ampon R, Dibley MJ, et al. Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Bangladesh and Its Association with Diarrhea and Acute Respiratory Infection. J Health Popul Nutr 2007; 25 (2): 195-204.
[4]
International CaI. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey: key findings. 2012. 2011: 10.
[5]
Alemayehu HJ, Habte D. Determinant of exclusive breastfeeding practices in Ethiopia. Ethiopian journal of health development. 2009; 23 no 1.
[6]
Haider J KH, Haile Mariam D and Demissie T. “Food and Nutrition” In Berhane Y, Haile Mariam D, Kloos H. The Epidemiology and Ecology of Health and Diseases in Ethiopia. Shama Books. 2006.
[7]
Lande B AL, Baerug A, Trygg KU, Lund-Larsen K, Veierod MB, Bjorneboe GE. Infant feeding practices and associated factors in the first six months of life. Acta Paediatrica. 2003; 92 (2): 152-61.
[8]
Jones G SR, Black RE, Bhutta ZA, Morris SS, Bellagio Child Survival Study Group. How many child deaths can we prevent this year. Lancet. 2003; 362: 65-71.
[9]
Coutsoudis A PK, Kuhn L, Spooner E, Tsai WY, Coovadia HM, South African Vitamin A Study Group. Method of feeding and transmission of HIV-1 from mothers to children by 15 months of age. AIDS. 2001; 15 (3): 379-87.
[10]
Desmond C BR, Boyce G, Coovadia HM, Coutsodis A, Rollins N, Newell ML. Scaling-up exclusive breastfeeding support programmes. Plops One. 2008; 3 (6): e2454.
[11]
Illiff PJ PE, Tavengwa NV, Zunguza CD, Marinda ET, Nathoo KJ, Moulton LH, Ward BJ., Humphrey JH, ZVITAMBO study group. Early exclusive breastfeeding reduces the risk of postnatal HIV-1 transmission and increases HIV-free survival. AIDS. 2005; 19 (7): 699-708.
[12]
International T. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding among infants under six months of age in peninsular Malaysia. Tan International Breastfeeding 2011; 6: 2.
[13]
SG A. Water requirements of breast-fed infants in a hot climate. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1978; 31 (7): 1154-7.
[14]
G T. Programs to Protect, Support and Promote Breastfeeding Encyclopedia on Early childhood Development. 2004.
[15]
UNICEF. Progress for children: a world fit for children. Statistical Review, Number 6. 2007.
[16]
R Y. Universal health care and the removal of user fees. Lancet. 2009; 373: 2078-81.
[17]
Anonymous. Effect of breastfeeding on infant and child mortality due to infectious diseases in less developed countries. Lancet. 2000; 355: 451-5.
[18]
al Be. Effect of community-based promotion of exclusive breastfeeding on diarrhoeal illness and growth. Lancet. 2003; 361: 1418-23.
[19]
book CWF. Ethiopian infant mortality rate. January 9. 2012.
[20]
Aidam BA Pr-ER, Lartey A. Lactation counselling increases exclusive breast-feeding rates in Ghana. Journal of Nutrition 2005; 135 (7): 1691-5.
[21]
Merten S A-LU. Exclusive breastfeeding rates and associated factors in Swiss baby-friendly hospitals. Human Lactation 2004; 20 (1): 9-17.
[22]
Shirima R GT, Kylberg E, Gebre-Medhin M. Exclusive breast-feeding is rarely practised in rural and urban Morogoro, Tanzania. Public Health Nutrition 2000; 4 (2): 147-54.
[23]
M. SYaM. Breast feeding practice among Employed Thai women In chiang Mai. Jornal of Human Lactaion. 1999; 15: 225-32.
[24]
Shirima R G-MM, Greiner T. Information and socioeconomic factors associated with early breastfeeding practices in rural and urban Morogoro, Tanzania. Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre. 2001; 90: 936-42.
[25]
T G. Programs to Protect, Support and Promote Breastfeeding Encyclopedia on Early childhood Development. 2004.
[26]
Molly Chisenga R, Lackson Kasonka M, Mpundu Makasa M, Moses Sinkala P, Chifumbe Chintu M, Christine Kaseba M, et al. Factors Affecting the Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding among HIV-Infected and - Uninfected Women in Lusaka, Zambia. Jornal of Human Lactaion. 2009; 21: 3 266-75.
[27]
Maria A. Quigley M, Yvonne J. Kelly, PhDb, Amanda Sacker, PhD. Breastfeeding and Hospitalization for Diarrheal and Respiratory Infection in the United Kingdom Millennium Cohort Study. Official journal of the American academy of pediatrics. 2007; 119: 837-42.
[28]
Edmond Km SC, Quigley Ma.. Delayed breast feeding initiation increases risk of neonatal mortality. Pediatrics. 2006; 117: 380-86.
[29]
Kingsley E Agho MJD, Justice I Odiase and Sunday M Ogbonmwan3. Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in Nigeria. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011; 11: 2.
[30]
M. Kim Y-MKJ, -H. Yoo. Factors affecting exclusive breast feeding during the first six months in Korea.
[31]
Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage NJM, Jean-Christophe Fotso, Catherine Kyobutungi, Martin K Mutua, Tabither M Gitau and Nelly Yatich. Patterns and determinants of breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in urban informal settlements, Nairobi Kenya. BMC Public Health 2011; 11: 396.
[32]
Dickson I. the association between breast feeding in Mongolia and geographical location of the mother and child 2012.
[33]
Berhane#2 BGaY. Children who were vaccinated, breast fed and from low parity mothers live longer: A community based case-control study in Jimma, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2011; 11: 197.
[34]
Dessalegn Tamiru TB, Eskindir Loha and Shikur Mohammed. Sub-optimal breastfeeding of infants during the first six months and associated factors in rural communities of Jimma Arjo Woreda, Southwest Ethiopia.. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 363: 12-363.
[35]
A. E. Sadoh WES, and P. Oniyelu. Breast Feeding Practice among Medical Women in Nigeria. Niger Med J. 2011; 52 (1): 7–12.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186