Review on Performance Optimization of Absorption Heat Pump Systems Based on Finite-Time Thermodynamics
Most of industrial processes use a lot of thermal energy by burning fossil fuel to produce steam or heat for the purpose. After the processes, heat is rejected to the surrounding as waste. The absorption heat pump is becoming more important because it can be powered by these industrial energy wastes and hence, it poses no danger to the environment. In this paper, a literature review of the theoretical finite-time thermodynamic-based performance optimization of absorption heat pump systems independent of the used mixtures is presented. The review describes and discusses the performance objective functions for the various absorption heat pump cycle models. It covers the endoreversible and irreversible three-heat-source cycle models, four-heat-source cycle models and absorption heat transformer cycles with respect to the following aspects: the heat transfer law models, the effect of heat resistance and other irreversible loss models on the performance. Findings from published works considering the heating load, the coefficient of performance, the total heat transfer area, the thermo-economic function, the ecological function, the exergy-based ecological function and the ecological coefficient of performance as objective functions have been summarized in a table. It appears that design parameters based on the maximum of the ecological coefficient of performance conditions represent a best compromise between the heating load and the loss rate of availability.
Paiguy Armand Ngouateu Wouagfack,
Brigitte Astrid Medjo Nouadje,
Review on Performance Optimization of Absorption Heat Pump Systems Based on Finite-Time Thermodynamics, International Journal of Fluid Mechanics & Thermal Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2019, pp. 10-27.
S. Carnot, Reﬂections on the motive power of ﬁre. Bachelier, Paris, 1824.
I. I. Novikov, The efﬁciency of atomic power stations (A review). Atommaya Energiya, 11 (1957), 409.
P. Chambadal, Les Centrales Nucleaires, Armand Colin, Paris, 1957, pp. 41–58.
F. L. Curzon, B. Ahlborn, Efﬁciency of a Carnot engine at maximum power output, Am. J. Phys. 43 (1975) 22–24.
S. Sieniutycz, P. Salamon, Advances in Thermodynamics, Volume 4: Finite Time Thermodynamics and Thermoeconomics, Taylor & Francis, New York, 1990.
A. Bejan, Entropy Generation through Heat and Fluid Flow, Wiley, New York, 1982.
B. Andresen, Finite-Time Thermodynamics, Physics Laboratory II, University of Copenhagen, 1983.
A. M. Tsirlin, Optimal Cycles and Cycle Regimes, Energomizdat, Moscaw, 1985 (in Russian).
M. Feidt, Thermodynamique et Optimisation Energetique des Systems et Procedes, Technique et Documentation, Lavoisier, Paris, 1987 (in French).
A. De Vos, Endoreversible Thermodynamics of Solar Energy Conversion, Oxford University, Oxford, 1992.
V. Radcenco, Generalized Thermodynamics, Editura Techica, Bucharest, 1994 (in English).
A. Bejan, Entropy Generation Minimization, CRC Press, Boca Raton FL, 1996.
A. Bejan, G. Tsatsaronis, M. Moran, Thermal Design & Optimization, Wiley, New York, 1996.
L. Chen, F. Sun, Finite Time Thermodynamics for Energy Systems, Naval Academy of Engineering Publisher, Wuhan, 1992 (in Chinese).
A. Bejan, E. Mamut, Thermodynamics and the Optimization of Complex Energy Systems, NATO Advanced Study Institute, Neptun, Romania, 1998.
A. Bejan, E. Mamut, Thermodynamic optimization of complex energy systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, 1999.
C. Wu, L. Chen, J. Chen, Recent advances in ﬁnite-time thermodynamics, Nova Science Publishers, New York, 1999.
R. S. Berry, V. Kazakov, S. Sieniutycz, Z. Szwast, A. M. Tsirlin, Thermodynamic optimization of ﬁnite-time processes, Wiley, New York, 2000.
S. C. Kaushik, S. K. Tyagi, P. Kumar, Finite time thermodynamics of power and refrigeration cycle, Springer, 2017.
Y. Bi, L. Chen, Finite time thermodynamics optimization for air heat pumps, Beijing: Science Press, 2017 (in Chinese).
G. Popescu, Contributions dans Latude de Ioptimisation des Systems Endo-Regenerative et Exio-Irreversible de Type Stirling sur la Base de la Thermodynamique en Temps Fini, These de Doctorat, Universite Politechica, Bucarest, 1993.
J. V. C. Vargas, Combined Heat Transfer and Thermodynamic Problems with Applications in Refrigeration, Ph. D. Thesis, Duke University, 1994.
E. Geva, Finite Time Thermodynamics for Quantum Heat Engine and Heat Pump, Ph. D. Thesis, The Hebrew University, 1995.
L. Chen, Finite Time Thermodynamic Analysis of Irreversible Processes and Cycles. Ph.D. Thesis, Naval Academy of Engineering, 1997.
F. Wu, Study of Finite Time Thermodynamics on StirlingMachine. Ph. D. Thesis, Naval Academy of Engineering, 1998.
G. A. Ledezma, Geometric Optimization of Heat Transfer Devices. Ph. D. Thesis, Duke University, 1997.
B. Andresen, R. S. Berry, M. J. Ondrechen, P. Salamon, Thermodynamics for processes in ﬁnite time, Acc. Chem. Res. 17 (1984) 266–271.
B. Andresen, P. Salamon, R. S. Barry, Thermodynamics in ﬁnite time, Phys. Today, 64 (1984) 62–70.
B. Andresen, Finite-time thermodynamics and thermodynamic length, Rev. Gen. Therm. 35 (1996) 647–650.
V. N. Orlov, and A. V. Rudenko, Optimal control in problems of extremal of irreversible thermodynamic processes, Avtomatika Telemekhanika 5 (1985) 7–41.
C. Wu, Power optimization of a ﬁnite-time Carnot heat engine, Energy, The Int. J. 13 (1988) 681–687.
C. Wu, R. L. Kiang, V. J. Lopardo, G. N. Karpouzian, Finite-time thermodynamics and endoreversible heat engines, Int. J. Mech. Engng. Edu. 21 (1993) 337–346.
L. Chen, Z. Yan, Finite time thermodynamics: An new branch of modern thermo- dynamics, Nature J. 10 (1987) 825–829 (in Chinese).
B. Andresen, Finite time thermodynamics and simulated annealing, in: Entropy and Entropy Generation, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, 1996.
L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Chen, Finite time thermodynamics for heat engines: theory and applications, J. Engng. Thermal Energy Pow. 4 (1989) 7–14 (in Chinese).
L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Chen, New developments of ﬁnite time thermodynamics, Nature J. 15 (1992) 249–253 (in Chinese).
L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Chen, The present state and trend of ﬁnite time thermodynamics. Adv. Mech. 22 (1992) 479–488 (in Chinese).
S. Sieniutycz, J. S. Shiner, Thermodynamics of irreversible processes and its relation to chemical engineering: Second law analyses and ﬁnite time thermodynamics, J. Non-Equilib. Thermodyn. 19 (1994) 303–348.
A. Bejan, Power generation and refrigeration models with heat transfer irreversibilities, J. Heat Transfer Soc. Japan, 33 (1994) 68–75.
A. Bejan, Entropy generation minimization: The new thermodynamics of ﬁnite-size devices and ﬁnite-time processes, J. Appl. Phys. 79 (1996) 1191–1218.
A. Bejan, Method of entropy generation minimization, or modeling and optimization based on combined heat transfer and thermodynamics, Rev. Gen. Therm. 35 (1996) 637–646.
A. Bejan, Notes on the history of the method of entropy generation minimization (ﬁnite time thermodynamics), J. Non-Equilib. thermodyn. 21 (1996) 239–242.
A. Bejan, Fundamental optima in thermal Science, Int. J. Mech. Engng. Edu. 25 (1997) 33–47.
K. H. Hoffmann, J. M. Burzler, S. Schubert, Endoreversible Thermodynamics, J. Non- Equilib. Thermodyn. 22 (1997) 311–355.
L. Chen, C. Wu, F. Sun, Finite-time thermodynamic optimization or entropy generation minimization of energy systems, J Non-Equilib Thermodyn. 2 (1999) 327–359.
A. Durmayaz, O. Salim Sogut, B. Sahin, H. Yavuz, Optimization of thermal systems based on ﬁnite-time thermodynamics and thermoeconomics, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 30 (2004) 175–217.
X. Qin, L. Chen, Y Ge, F. Sun, Finite time thermodynamic studies on absorption thermodynamiccycles: a state-of-the-art review, Arabic Journal of Science of Engineering 38 (2013) 405–419.
Z. Yan, S. Chen, Finite time thermodynamic performance bound of three-heat-reservoir heat pumps, Chinese Sci. Bull., 31 (1986) 798–799 (in Chinese).
J. Chen, Z. Yan, Equivalent combined systems of three-heat-source heat pumps, J. Chem. Phys. 90 (1989) 4951–4955.
J. Chen, Z. Yan, Uniﬁed description of endoreversible cycles, Phys. Rev. A 39 (1989) 4140–4147.
L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Chen, The relation between optimal COP and heating load of an endoreversible three-heat-reservoir heat pump with nonlinear heat transfer, Acta Energine Solaris Sinica 11 (1990) 319–323 (in Chinese).
L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Chen, The uniﬁed description of linear phenomenological law system endorevesible cycles, J. Energy Q. 1 (1992) 6–10 (in Chinese).
J. Chen, Z. Yan, Optimal performance of endoreversible cycles for another linear heat transfer law, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 26 (1993) 1581-1586.
L. Chen, C. Wu, F. Sun, Optimal coefﬁcient of performance and heating load relationship of a three-heat-reservoir endoreversible heat pump, Energy Convers. Mgmt. 38 (1997) 727–733.
Goktun S. The effect of irreversibilities on the performance of a three-heat-source heat pump. J Phys D, Appl Phys. 29 (20) (1996) 2823–2825.
J. Chen, Optimal performance analysis of irreversible cycles used as heat pumps and refrigerators. J Phys D: Appl Phys. 30 (1997) 582–587.
J. Chen, B. Andresen, Optimal analysis of primary performance parameters for an endoreversible absorption heat pump, Heat Recovery Systems & CHP 15 (8) (1995) 723-731.
J. Chen, The general performance characteristics of an irreversible absorption heat pump operating between four temperature levels, J Phys D: Appl Phys. 32 (1999) 1428–33.
L. Chen, X. Qin, F. Sun, C. Wu, Irreversible absorption heat-pump and it’s optimal performance, Appl. Energy 81 (2005) 55–71.
X. Qin, L. Chen, F. Sun, C. Wu, Performance of an endoreversible four-heat-reservoir absorption heat pump with a generalized heat-transfer law, Int. J. Thermal Sci. 45 (2006) 627–633.
X. Qin, L. Chen, F. Sun, C. Wu, Thermodynamic modeling and performance analysis of the variable-temperature heat reservoir absorption heat pump cycle. Physica A 436 (2015) 788–797.
J. Chen, Optimal choice of the performance parameters of an absorption heat- transformer, Heat Recov Syst CHP 15 (3) (1995) 249–256.
J. Chen, Equivalent combined cycle of an endoreversible absorption heat transformer and optimal analysis of primary performance parameters. Energy Conversion and Management 38 (1997) 705–712.
J. Chen, The inﬂuence of multi-irreversibilities on the performance of a heat transformer. Phys D: Appl Phys. 30 (21) (1997) 2953–2957.
J. Chen, The COP of a multi-temperature-level absorption heat-transformer at maximum speciﬁc heating load. J Phys D: Appl Phys. 31 (22) (1998) 3316–3322.
X. Qin, L. Chen, F. Sun, C. Wu, Absorption heat-transformer and its optimal performance. Appl Energy 78 (3) (2004) 329–346.
X. Qin, L. Chen, F. Sun, C. Wu, Performance of an endoreversible four-heat-reservoir absorption heat-transformer with a generalized heat transfer law, Int. J. Ambient Energ. 26 (4) (2005) 171–179.
X. Qin, L. Chen, F. Sun, Performance of real absorption heat- transformer with a generalized heat transfer law, Applied Thermal Engineering 28 (7) (2008) 767-776.
J. Chen, Optimal heat transfer areas for endoreversible heat pumps, Energy 19 (10) (1994) 1031–1036.
Y. Huang, D. Sun, optimization of heat transfer areas of four-heat-source absorption heat pump, Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, 2003-04 [in Chinese]
D. Stitou, M. Feidt, Nouveaux critères pour l’optimisation et la caractérisation des procédés thermiques de conversion énergétique, International Journal of Thermal Sciences 44 (2005) 1142–1153.
B. Sahin, A. Kodal, Finite time thermoeconomic optimization for endoreversible refrigerators and heat pumps, Energy Conversion and Management 40 (1999) 951–960.
A. Kodal, B. Sahin, I. Ekmekci, T. Yilmaz, Thermoeconomic optimization for irreversible absorption refrigerators and heat pumps Energy Conversion and Management 44 (2003) 109–123.
S. Wu, G. Lin, J. Chen, Optimum thermoeconomic and thermodynamic performance characteristics of an irreversible three-heat-source heat pump, Renewable Energy 30 (2005) 2257–2271.
F. Angulo-Brown, An ecological optimization criterion for ﬁnite-time heat engines, J Appl. Phys. 6 (11) (1991) 7465–7469.
Z. Yan, Comment on An ecological optimization criterion for ﬁnite-time heat engines, J. Appl. Phys. 73 (7) (1993) 3583.
F. Sun, L. Chen, W. Chen, An ecological optimization performance for endoreversible heat-pumps, J Naval Acad Eng. 4 (1993) 22–26 (in Chinese).
G. Su, Z. Yan, Optimal ecological performances of a three-heat-source heat-pump using a linear phenomenological heat-transfer law, Acta Energ Solaris Sin. 11 (3) (1999) 319–323 (in Chinese).
L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Chen, Ecological optimization criteria for a Carnot refrigerator. Nature J. 15 (8) (1992) 633 (in Chinese).
L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Chen, The ecological optimal performance for three-heat-reservoir refrigerators, Cryogenics 3 (1993) 38–40 (in Chinese).
Z. Yan, G. Lin, Ecological optimization criterion for an irreversible three-heat-source refrigerator, Appl Energy 66 (4) (2000) 213–224.
G. Su, Z. Yan, Optimal ecological performances of a three-heat-source heat-pump using a linear phenomenological heat-transfer law. Acta Energ Solaris Sin. 11 (3) (1999) 319–323 (in Chinese)
T. Chen, Z. Yan, An ecological optimization criterion for a class of irreversible absorption heat transformers, J Phys D: Appl Phys. 31 (9) (1998) 1078–1082.
F. Sun, X. Qin, L. Chen, C. Wu, Optimization between heating load and entropy-production rate for endoreversible absorption heat-transformers, Applied Energy 81 (2005) 434–448.
X. Qin, L. Chen, F. Sun, C. Wu, Compromise optimization between heating load and entropy production rate for endoreversible absorption heat pumps, International Journal of Ambient Energy 26 (2) (2005) 106-112.
Y. Huang, D. Sun, Y. Kang, Performance optimization for an irreversible four-temperature-level absorption heat pump, International Journal of Thermal Sciences 47 (2008) 479–485.
L. G. Chen, F. R. Sun, W. Z. Chen, On the ecological ﬁgures of merit for thermodynamic cycles, J. Eng. Therm. Energy Pow. 9 (1994) 374–376 (in Chinese).
X. Qin, L. Chen, S. Xia, Ecological performance of four-temperature-level absorption heat transformer with heat resistance, heat leakage and internal irreversibility, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 114 (2017) 252–257.
X. Qin, L. Chen, Y. Ge, Z. Xie, Exergy-based ecological criterion and optimization and optimization of an irreversible absorption heat pump, Proceedings of the 2nd Thermal and Fluid Engineering Conference, TFEC 2017 4th International Workshop on Heat Transfer, IWHT 2017 April 2-5, 2017, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
Y. Ust, Ecological performance analysis and optimization of power generation systems, Ph.D. Thesis, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, 2005 (in Turkish).
Y. Ust, B. Sahin, O. S. Sogut, Performance analysis and optimization of an irreversible Dual cycle based on ecological coeﬃcient of performance (ECOP) criterion, Applied Energy 82 (1) (2005) 23–39.
Y. Ust, B. Sahin, A. Kodal, Ecological coeﬃcient of performance (ECOP) optimization for generalized irreversible Carnot heat engines, Journal of the Energy Institute 78 (3) (2005) 145–151.
Y. Ust, B. Sahin, A. Kodal, Performance analysis of an irreversible Brayton heat engine based on ecological coeﬃcient of performance criterion, International Journal of Thermal Science 45 (1) (2006) 94–101.
Y. Ust, O. S. Sogut, B. Sahin, A. Durmayaz, Ecological coeﬃcient of performance (ECOP) optimization for an irreversible Brayton heat engine with variable-temperature thermal reservoirs, Journal of the Energy Institute 79 (1) (2006) 47–52.
Y. Ust, B. Sahin, A. Kodal, I. H. Akcay, Ecological coeﬃcient of performance analysis and optimization of an irreversible regenerative Brayton heat engine, Applied Energy 83 (6) (2006) 558–572.
O. S. Sogut, Y. Ust, B. Sahin, The eﬀects of intercooling and regeneration on the thermo-ecological performance analysis of an irreversible-closed Brayton heat engine with variable-temperature thermal reservoirs, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 39 (2006) 4713–4721.
P. A. NgouateuWouagfack, R. Tchinda, The new thermo-ecological performance optimization of an irreversible three-heat-source absorption heat pump, International Journal of Refrigeration 35 (2012) 79-87.
Y. Ust, B. Sahin, Performance optimization of irreversible refrigerators based on a new thermo-ecological criterion, International Journal of Refrigeration 30 (2007) 527–534.
Y Ust, Performance analysis and optimization of irreversible air refrigeration cycles based on ecological coeﬃcient of performance criterion, Applied Thermal Engineering 29 (2009) 47–55.
P. A. Ngouateu, Wouagfack, R. Tchinda, Performance optimization of three-heat-source irreversible refrigerator based on a new thermo-ecological criterion, International Journal of Refrigeration 34 (2011) 1008-1015.
P. A. NgouateuWouagfack, R. Tchinda, Optimal ecological performance of a four-temperature-level absorption heat pump, International Journal of Thermal Sciences 54 (2012) 209-219.
M. H. Ahmadi, M. A. Ahmadi, M. Mehrpoova, M. Sameti, Thermo-ecological analysis and optimization performance of an irreversible three-heat-source absorption heat pump, Energy Conversion and Management 90 (2015) 175–183.