Natural Convection in a Partially Heated and Cooled Square Enclosure Containing a Diamond Shaped Heated Block
International Journal of Fluid Mechanics & Thermal Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 1-8
Received: Nov. 20, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 11, 2019; Published: Jan. 6, 2020
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Kakali Chowdhury, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Presidency University, Banani, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abdul Alim, Department of Mathematics, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Murad Hossen, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Presidency University, Banani, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Finite element method is used to solve the two dimensional governing mass, momentum and energy equations for steady state, natural convection problem inside a square enclosure. The enclosure consists of adiabatic vertical walls, heated middle part of bottom wall and the cold (top wall and the rest part of bottom wall) walls and a uniformly heated diamond shaped solid body located somewhere inside the enclosure. The aim of this study is to describe the effect of different sizes and positions of diamond shaped heated block on natural convection. The investigations are conducted for different values of Rayleigh number (Ra), block length (l) and location of block center (Cx, Cy) inside the enclosure by using COMSOL multiphysics. Various results such as streamlines, isotherms, heat transfer rate in terms of the average Nusselt number and average fluid temperature inside the enclosure are presented for different parameters. The results indicate that the average Nusselt number at the heated surface and average temperature of the fluid inside the enclosure are strongly dependent on the configuration of the system under different geometrical and physical conditions. The average Nusselt number decreases with the increasing value of block size and increases in the free convection dominated region, it is maximum for Ra=106 and minimum for Ra=103. Block size also has significant effect on thermal fields. Average temperature increases with the increasing value of heated block.
Natural Convection, Finite Element Method, Diamond Shaped Block, COMSOL Multiphysics
To cite this article
Kakali Chowdhury, Abdul Alim, Murad Hossen, Natural Convection in a Partially Heated and Cooled Square Enclosure Containing a Diamond Shaped Heated Block, International Journal of Fluid Mechanics & Thermal Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfmts.20200601.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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