Aerodynamic is considered the most significant factor affecting on vehicles fuel consumption and power requirements even at low speed. For this reason, there are much interest and some modifications that decrease drag coefficient and reduce the aerodynamic effectiveness. This study aims to develop an electrical car body (ECB) to decrease the drag coefficient and study the reflection of this parameter in the power consumption rate in different operating speeds. Six different models for car bodies (Bendra, Magenta, Violet, Bluria, Aqua and Vectra) with same wheelbase, height, and track width dimensions are designed. The design of these models has done using Solidworks software by surface tools. Numerical results (frontal area, drag coefficient, drag area and drag force) for the six models are recorded and compared to choose the best designed body. According to results Vectra model is chosen as a best design. The power consumption is calculated for each model at different operating speeds using two different software, Solidworks flow simulation and ANSYS fluent. Experimental results are obtained by testing 3D printing model for the best efficient model with scale 1: 25 at small subsonic open wind tunnel. The experimental results show good agreement with simulation results. Finally, Vectra simulation and experimental results are compared with the real electric and petrol cars to verify the competitive design for Vectra model.
Abo-Bakr Helmy Omar,
Tamer Mohamed Mansour,
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