Energy Consumption Evaluation of ZBLE, AOMDV and AODV Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
Advances in Wireless Communications and Networks
Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 41-51
Received: Jul. 23, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 15, 2019;
Published: Sep. 25, 2019
Views 57 Downloads 17
Rani Sahu, Department of Computer Applications, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India
Sanjay Sharma, Department of Computer Applications, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India
Murtaza Abbas Rizvi, Department of Computer Technologies and Application, National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR), Bhopal, India
Background / Objective: Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) creates a transient network that does not depend on any infrastructure or central administration mechanism. Such networks are made up of wireless mobile nodes. These nodes have to rely on batteries due to lack of stable power supply, so energy consumption is considered one of the main difficulties of this type of network. These nodes change their positions immediately, so the battery is depleted very suddenly, which affects network life. The best routing can be achieved by improving network quality, keeping high energy in mind by multipath routing in ad hoc networks using zone-based technology. The main objective of this research is to evaluate some popular performance metrics with energy efficiency. In this research, the zone-based leader Election Energy-Constructed AOMDV Routing Protocol (ZBLE) has been compared to the traditional routing protocols AODV and AOMDV, suggesting that the ZBLE protocol exhibits better results. Methods / Statistical analysis: In this paper, the routing protocol ZBLE based on zone-based technique is used. In this, the leader node is selected using the node's energy label, power analysis, and node position tracking function. The best route has been achieved by the leader node selection algorithm and power analysis. Conclusion: Most energy-related protocols are based on single-route routing, which has not been able to pay much attention to the accumulation of energy, and there have been attempts to make multi-way routing protocols also energy-based protocols, but also these protocols have been unable to make good use of energy. Through the NS2 simulator, network life is extended by reducing energy consumption by using a new energy-based multi-way routing protocol ZBLE. The results of this routing protocol performance evaluation suggest that the ZBLE protocol is superior to the AOMDV and AODV protocols. It is a zone-based technique that works by concentrating on the highest energy of nodes. Simulation results reported that the performance of ZBLE outperformed that of AOMDV and AODV. Applications / improvements: Zone-based technology can be easily used for extremely large networks. Ad-hoc network performance has been improved by improving network quality using this protocol.
Murtaza Abbas Rizvi,
Energy Consumption Evaluation of ZBLE, AOMDV and AODV Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks, Advances in Wireless Communications and Networks.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2019, pp. 41-51.
Ali, M.; B. G. Stewart; A. Shahrabi; A. Vallavaraj; Multipath routing backbones for load balancing in Mobile Ad hoc Networks, 2012 16th IEEE Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference, pp. 749-752.
Terdal, Sujatha P.; V. D. Mytri; A. Damodaram; A link quality based dispersity routing algorithm for mobile Ad hoc networks, 2012 International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security 4.9.
Zeng; Qing-An; Dharma P. Agrawal; Handoff in wireless mobile networks, 2002 Handbook of wireless networks and mobile computing: 1-25.
Perkins; Charles E. Ad hoc networking. Vol. 1. Reading: Addison-wesley, 2001.
Zheng; S.; Wu; W.; Zhang; Q.; 2011, Energy and link-state based routing protocol for MANET, IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems, 94 (5), 1026-1034.
Tarique; Mohammed; Kemal E. Tepe; Sasan Adibi; Shervin Erfani; Survey of multipath routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks, 2009, Journal of Network and computer applications 32, no. 6: 1125-1143.
Jabbar: Waheb A.; Mahamod Ismail; Rosdiadee Nordin; Suki Arif; Power-efficient routing schemes for MANETs: a survey and open issues, 2017 Wireless Networks 23, no. 6: 1917-1952.
Lutimath; Nagaraj M.; L. Suresh; Chandrakant Naikodi; Energy Aware Multipath AODV Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad hoc Network. 2016 International Journal of Engineering Research ISSN: 2319-6890.
Aye; May Cho; Aye Moe Aung; Energy efficient multipath routing protocol for wireless mobile ad hoc networks. 2014 International Conference on Advances in Engineering and Technology.
Omar; Smail; Mekkakia Zoulikha; Bernard Cousin; Energy efficiency in ad hoc wireless networks with node-disjoint path routing, 2011 In International Workshop on Systems, Signal Processing and their Applications, WOSSPA, pp. 127-130.
Sharma; Dhirendra Kumar; Amar Nath Patra; Chiranjeev Kumar; An update based energy-efficient reactive routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks, 2013 International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security 5, no. 11: 17.
Chang; J. H; Tassiulas; L.; 2000, March., Energy conserving routing in wireless ad-hoc networks. In Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM 2000. Conference on Computer Communications. Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (Cat. No. 00CH37064) (Vol. 1, pp. 22-31). IEEE.
Agarwal; R.; Motwani; D.; 2009, Survey of clustering algorithms for MANET. arXiv preprint arXiv: 0912.2303.
Smail; O.; Cousin; B.; Mekkakia, Z.; Mekki, R., 2014, November. Energy aware and stable Multipath Routing protocol in clustered wireless ad hoc networks. In 2014 IEEE/ACS 11th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA) (pp. 222-229). IEEE.
Agarwal; R.; Gupta; R.; Motwani; M.; 2012, REVIEW OF WEIGHTED CLUSTERING ALGORITHMS FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS. Computer Science & Telecommunications, 33 (1).
Preetha; V; Chitra; K.; 2015, Parameter Analysis for Clustering in Manet in Disaster Scenarios. In the 7th International Conference on Information Technology, ICIT 2015.
Kanakala; S.; Ananthula; V. R.; Vempaty, P.; 2014, Energy-efficient cluster based routing protocol in mobile ad hoc networks using network coding. Journal of Computer Networks and Communications, 2014.
Basurra; S. S.; De Vos; M.; Padget; J.; Ji, Y.; Lewis, T.; Armour, S.; 2015, Energy efficient zone based routing protocol for MANETs. Ad Hoc Networks, 25, pp. 16-37.
Zheng; S.; Wu, W.; Zhang, Q; 2011, Energy and link-state based routing protocol for MANET. IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems, 94 (5), 1026-1034.
Marina; M. K.; Das; S. R.; 2006, Ad hoc on‐demand multipath distance vector routing. Wireless communications and mobile computing, 6 (7), pp. 969-988.
Tarique, M.; Tepe; K. E.; Adibi; S.; Erfani; S.; 2009, Survey of multipath routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks. Journal of Network and computer applications, 32 (6), pp. 1125-1143.
Tarique; M.; Tepe; K. E.; Adibi; S.; Erfani; S; 2009, Survey of multipath routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks. Journal of Network and computer applications, 32 (6), 1125-1143.
Kumar; R.; Dave; M.; 2011, A comparative study of Various Routing Protocols in VANET. arXiv preprint arXiv: 1108.2094.
Sahu, R.; Sharma, S.; Rizvi, M. A.; 2019, ZBLE: Zone Based Leader Election Energy Constrained AOMDV Routing Protocol.
Aye, M. C.; Aung, A. M.; 2014. A Modified Energy Constrained Protocol based on AOMDV for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology Research, 3.
Smail, O.; Cousin, B.; Mekki, R; Mekkakia, Z., 2014, A multipath energy-conserving routing protocol for wireless ad hoc networks lifetime improvement. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2014 (1), p. 139.
Manohari, P. K.; Ray, N. K.; 2015, October, EAOMDV: An energy efficient multipath routing protocol for MANET. In 2015 IEEE Power, Communication and Information Technology Conference (PCITC) (pp. 710-715). IEEE.
Khan, K.; Goodridge, W., 2015, Energy aware Ad-Hoc on demand multipath distance vector routing. International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications, 7 (7), pp. 50-56.
Zarrad, A.; Alsmadi, I.; 2017, Evaluating network test scenarios for network simulators systems. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 13 (10), p. 1550147717738216.
Ayele; E. D.; 2011, Analyses and deployement of the BitTorrent protocol for community ad hoc networks.
Fall, K.; Varadhan, K.; 2005, The ns Manual (formerly ns Notes and Documentation). The VINT project, 47, pp. 19-231.
Feeney; L. M.; Nilsson; M; 2001, April, Investigating the energy consumption of a wireless network interface in an ad hoc networking environment. In Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM 2001. Conference on Computer Communications. Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Society (Cat. No. 01CH37213) (Vol. 3, pp. 1548-1557). IEEE.
Huang; H.; Xu, Y.; Sun, Y. E.; Huang, L.; 2008, June, Cluster-based load balancing multi-path routing protocol in wireless sensor networks. In 2008 7th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (pp. 6692-6696). IEEE.
Yoon, J.; Liu, M.; Noble, B.; 2003, March, Random waypoint considered harmful. In IEEE INFOCOM 2003. Twenty-second Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE Cat. No. 03CH37428) (Vol. 2, pp. 1312-1321). IEEE.
Cano, J. C.; Manzoni, P; 2000, August, A performance comparison of energy consumption for mobile ad hoc network routing protocols. In Proceedings 8th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems (Cat. No. PR00728) (pp. 57-64). IEEE.
Robbins; A. D.; 1996, E ective AWK Programming. Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc (SSC) and Free Software Foundation, 1 (3).
Mokbal; F. M. M.; Saeed, K.; Dan, W.; 2018, Energy Consumption Evaluation of AODV and AOMDV Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks. Energy, 9 (8).
Kulkarni; S. B.; Yuvaraju, B. N.; 2015, June, Node connectivity, energy and bandwidth aware clustering routing algorithm for real-time traffic multicasting in MANET. In 2015 IEEE International Advance Computing Conference (IACC) (pp. 760-763). IEEE.
Fotino, M.; De Rango; F.; 2011, Energy issues and energy aware routing in wireless ad hoc networks (pp. 281-296). INTECH Open Access Publisher.