Please enter verification code
Measurement of Radon Exhalation Rate, Annual Effective Dose and Radium Activity from Marine Sediments Samples Collected From Abian Beach, Aden Gulf, Yemen
Radiation Science and Technology
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 19-26
Received: Mar. 24, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 27, 2020; Published: Jul. 28, 2020
Views 307      Downloads 125
Fuad Abdo AS-Subaihi, Physics Department, Faculty of Science and Education-Sabir, Aden University, Aden, Yemen
Tahir Abdullah Abdulgabar Salem, Chemistry Departments, Faculty of Science and Education-Sabir, Aden University, Aden, Yemen
Article Tools
Follow on us
The behavior of radon in marine sediments collected from Abian beach, Abian Governorate, Aden Gulf, Yemen, was studied by using Alpha Guard PQ2000 PRO radon detector. The activity concentration of radon in the sediments was found to be ranging from 64.84 to 166.93±11.85Bq.m-3 with mean value 103.88±8.80Bq.m-3. The radium content in the sediments ranged from 20.01 to 56.06Bqkg-1 with mean value 33.51Bqkg-1, while the area exhalation rate of 222Rn ranged from 6.73 to 18.49Bqm-2h-1 with mean value 11.22Bqm-2h-1 also the mass exhalation rate of 222Rn ranged from 0.151 to 0.424Bqkg-1h-1 with mean value 0.253Bqkg-1h-1, respectively for the studied samples of marine sediments. The annual effective dose was found to be ranging from 1.63 to 4.21mSvy–1, with an average of 2.62mSvy–1. Average value of radon concentrations from marine sediments samples were compared with other literature values.
Beach Samples, Radium Content, Radon Exhalation Rates, (Alpha Guard), Annual Absorbed Dose Rate
To cite this article
Fuad Abdo AS-Subaihi, Tahir Abdullah Abdulgabar Salem, Measurement of Radon Exhalation Rate, Annual Effective Dose and Radium Activity from Marine Sediments Samples Collected From Abian Beach, Aden Gulf, Yemen, Radiation Science and Technology. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 19-26. doi: 10.11648/j.rst.20200602.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Hayder Abdul Wahid Hammood. 2017 226Ra Concentration and 222Rn Exhalation Rate in Sediments of Euphrates River and Some Its Branches in Thi-Qar Governorate -Southern Iraq, Journal for Natural and Engineering Research and Studies, Vol. 6, No. 11 and 12 P. (95-105).
Al-Khalifa I. J. M. 2006. Polymers track detector used for radon survey in Babel city (Al-Hillah-Iraq), J Basrah Researches (Sciences), 32. Part. 2, 26-30.
Mehmet Fatih Aydin, Ömer Söğüt1.2019. Measurement of radon gas activity concentrations in drinking water in the city center of Adıyaman, Turkey, Radiation Protection and Environment | Volume 42 | Issue 1 & 2 | January-March & April-June.
Madureira J, et al. 2016. Radon in indoor air of primary schools: Determinant factors, their variability and effective dose. Environmental Geochemistry Health; 38: 523-33.
Yamada, Y. 2003. Radon exposure and its health effects. Journal of Health Science, 49 (6): 417-422.
Al-Mosuwi, W. H. A. 2006. Environmental radioactivity in Shatt Al-Basrah River banks and Basrah Sport City. PhD. thesis, College of Education, University of Basrah, Iraq.
WHO, 2009. World Health Organization (WHO). WHO Handbook on Indoor Radon: A Public Health Perspective. WHO Press, Geneva, 2009.
UNSCEAR, Report of the United Nation Scientific Committee on the Effect of Atomic Radiation to the General Assembly, (2000).
Oyebanjo O. A., et al. 2012. Natural radionuclides and hazards of sediment samples collected from Osun River in southwestern Nigeria, The pacific journal of science and technology, 13, 2, 391-396.
Munaf Qasim Jaber, Abdul. R. H. Subber and N. H. N. Al-Hashimi. 2015. Radon Concentrations in the Marine Sediments of Khor-Abdulla Northern West of the Arabian Gulf International Journal of Physics, Vol. 3, No. 6, 239-243.
Onishchenko, A., Zhukovsky, M. and Bastrikov, V. 2015. Calibration system for measuring the radon flux density. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 164 (4): 582-586.
Catalano, R., Imme, G., Mangano, G., Morelli, D. and Aranzulla, M. 2015. Radon transport laboratory and model study. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 164 (4): 575-581.
AQUAKIT. Accessory for Radon in Water Measurement in Combination with the Radon Monitor AlphaGUARD, User Manual.
M. Q. Jaber et al. 2017. The concentrations of radon in the marine sediments of Ra's Al-Besha, Northern west of the Arabian Gulf, Mesopot. J. Mar. Sci., 32 (1): 1–8.
S. Harb, A. H. El-Kamel, E. M. Zahran, A. Abbady, and F. A. Ahmed. 2014. Correlation between radon exhalation and radium content in some basalt rocks used as construction material in Aden governorate, south of Yemen, Minia Science Bulletin (Physics Section), Volume 25, pp. 1-11.
S. Harb, N. K. Ahmed, Sahar Elnobi. 2015. Radon exhalation rate and Radionuclides in soil, phosphate, and building materials, Journal of Applied Physics, Volume 7, Issue 2 Ver. I (Mar. - Apr.), PP 41-50.
Zakariya A. Hussein et al. 2013. Study on Radon Emanation from Selected Building Materials in Iraqi Kurdistan Region, International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology, Volume 2 Issue 2 pp. 108-112, May.
Junaidah et al., 2018. The Assessment of Indoor Radon-222 Concentration and Emanation Rate at Gua Penyu, Pahang, Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 3, 483–490.
ICRP, "radiological protection in medicine" ICRP Publication 105. Ann. ICRP 37 (5) (2007).
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 2018. Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards. Interim Edition. IAEA, Vienna.
Zarrag Al-Fifi, Entsar H. El-Araby, Hanan Elhaes, 2012. Monitoring of Radon Concentrations in Jazan Beach Soil, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8 (2): 823-827.
Fatimh Alshahri, Atef El-Taher and Abd Elmoniem Ahmed Elzain. 2017. Characterization of Radon Concentration and Annual Effective Dose of Soil Surrounding a Refinery Area, Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia, Journal of Environ Science & Technology., 10 (6): 311-319.
S. Fares. 2017. Measurements of natural radioactivity level in black sand and sediment samples of the Temsah Lake beach in Suez Canal region in Egypt, Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences 10, 194-203.
F. Alshahri, A. El-Taher, A. A. Elzain. 2019. Measurement of Radon exhalation rate and annual effective dose from Marine Sediments, Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia, Using CR-39 Detectors, Romanian Journal of Physics 64, 811.
OECD. Exposure to radiation from the natural activity in building materials. Organization for Economic Co-operation Development. Nuclear Energy Agency. 1979.
C. K. Shivanandappa and N. Yerol, 2017. Indoor Built Environ., X16688522.
I. Barnet and P. Pacherova, 2011. Environ. Earth Sci. 63, 551–557.
S. Chanyotha, C. Kranrod, R. Kritsananuwata, D. Lane-Smith and W. C. Burnett, 2016. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 158–159, 47–55.
M. Y. Atallah, B. A. Al-Bataina and H. Mustafa, 2001. Environmental Geol. 40, 1440–1446.
N. Wang, L. Xiao, C. Li, S. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Liu and M. Peng, 2011. Journal of Nuclear Science Technology. 48 (5), 751–758.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186