Self-Disclosure and SNS Addiction in South Asian Youth: An Empirical Study of Pakistan
Advances in Sciences and Humanities
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 1-11
Received: Feb. 16, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 26, 2018; Published: May 4, 2018
Views 846      Downloads 63
Authors
Shamsa Kanwal, School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of Hefei, Hefei, China
Ren Chong, School of Public Affairs, University of Science and Technology of Hefei, Hefei, China
Abdul Hameed Pitafi, School of Management, University of Science and Technology of Hefei, Hefei, China
Haque Nawaz, Department of Computer Science, Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Pakistan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Social networking sites (SNS) provide an open platform for communication and interaction and socialization. But the main idea behind this article was to assess the impact of whether SNS addiction effects online self- disclosure or not moreover its mediation impact. The main idea of this study is to investigate the mediating effect of habit, psychological well-being, psychological dependence and perceived ease of use between SNS and self-disclosure. Specifically, this research proposes a model to examine how the effect of SNS usage mediates self-disclosure through psychological conditions. Data was collected online using the Google documents application, from university students in Pakistan. In total 338 entries were analyzed and reported, for analysis SPSS version 21 was used. Results show that Pakistani youth tend to have higher self-disclosure online due to habit, perceived ease of use and while sharing online makes them feel better as the mediator of psychological well-being also reported a positive mediating effect.
Keywords
SNS Addiction, Self-disclosure, Psychological Well-Being, Pakistan
To cite this article
Shamsa Kanwal, Ren Chong, Abdul Hameed Pitafi, Haque Nawaz, Self-Disclosure and SNS Addiction in South Asian Youth: An Empirical Study of Pakistan, Advances in Sciences and Humanities. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-11. doi: 10.11648/j.ash.20180401.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
D. Seo and J. Lee, "Web_2. 0 and five years since: How the combination of technological and organizational initiatives influences an organization’s long-term Web_2. 0 performance," Telematics and Informatics, vol. 33, pp. 232-246, 2016.
[2]
L. Can and N. Kaya, "Social Networking Sites Addiction and the Effect of Attitude towards Social Network Advertising," Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 235, pp. 484-492, 2016.
[3]
T. O’Reilly, "Web 2.0 compact definition: Trying again. Radar," ed, 2006.
[4]
A. M. Kaplan and M. Haenlein, "Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media," Business horizons, vol. 53, pp. 59-68, 2010.
[5]
P. M. Leonardi, M. Huysman, and C. Steinfield, "Enterprise social media: Definition, history, and prospects for the study of social technologies in organizations," Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, vol. 19, pp. 1-19, 2013.
[6]
R. Lin and S. Utz, "Self-Disclosure on SNS: Do Disclosure Intimacy and Narrativity Influence Interpersonal Closeness and Social Attraction?," Computers in Human Behavior, 2017.
[7]
I. Altman and D. A. Taylor, Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1973.
[8]
K. F. Hew, "Students’ and teachers’ use of Facebook," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 27, pp. 662-676, 2011.
[9]
K. T. Li-Barber, "Self-disclosure and student satisfaction with Facebook," Computers in Human behavior, vol. 28, pp. 624-630, 2012.
[10]
N. J. Hum, P. E. Chamberlin, B. L. Hambright, A. C. Portwood, A. C. Schat, and J. L. Bevan, "A picture is worth a thousand words: A content analysis of Facebook profile photographs," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 27, pp. 1828-1833, 2011.
[11]
I. Ahmed and T. F. Qazi, "Deciphering the social costs of Social Networking Sites (SNSs) for university students," African Journal of Business Management, vol. 5, p. 5664, 2011.
[12]
R. A. Elphinston and P. Noller, "Time to face it! Facebook intrusion and the implications for romantic jealousy and relationship satisfaction," Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, vol. 14, pp. 631-635, 2011.
[13]
T. Akter and G. E. Nweke, "Social media users and their social adaptation process in virtual environment: Is it easier for Turkish Cypriots to be social but virtual beings?," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 61, pp. 472-477, 2016.
[14]
D. Boyd and N. Ellison, "Social network sites: definition, history, and scholarship," IEEE Engineering Management Review, vol. 3, pp. 16-31, 2010.
[15]
H. Liu, "Social network profiles as taste performances," Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, vol. 13, pp. 252-275, 2007.
[16]
K. Lewis, J. Kaufman, M. Gonzalez, A. Wimmer, and N. Christakis, "Tastes, ties, and time: A new social network dataset using Facebook. com," Social networks, vol. 30, pp. 330-342, 2008.
[17]
L. R. Wheeless and J. Grotz, "Conceptualization and measurement of reported self‐disclosure," Human Communication Research, vol. 2, pp. 338-346, 1976.
[18]
N. L. Collins and L. C. Miller, "Self-disclosure and liking: a meta-analytic review," Psychological bulletin, vol. 116, p. 457, 1994.
[19]
J. A. Johnson, "Personality Tests: Self-Disclosures or Self-Presentations?," 1980.
[20]
C. D. Ryff, "Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being," Journal of personality and social psychology, vol. 57, p. 1069, 1989.
[21]
R. M. Ryan and E. L. Deci, "On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being," Annual review of psychology, vol. 52, pp. 141-166, 2001.
[22]
E. Diener, S. Oishi, and R. E. Lucas, "Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and life satisfaction," Oxford handbook of positive psychology, vol. 2, pp. 187-194, 2009.
[23]
F.-Y. Hong, D.-H. Huang, H.-Y. Lin, and S.-L. Chiu, "Analysis of the psychological traits, Facebook usage, and Facebook addiction model of Taiwanese university students," Telematics and Informatics, vol. 31, pp. 597-606, 2014.
[24]
K. T. Kwak, S. K. Choi, and B. G. Lee, "SNS flow, SNS self-disclosure and post hoc interpersonal relations change: Focused on Korean Facebook user," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 31, pp. 294-304, 2014.
[25]
K. N. Hampton, L. S. Goulet, C. Marlow, and L. Rainie, "Why most Facebook users get more than they give," Pew Internet & American Life Project, vol. 3, pp. 1-40, 2012.
[26]
M. Burke, C. Marlow, and T. Lento, "Social network activity and social well-being," in Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems, 2010, pp. 1909-1912.
[27]
S. B. Choi and M. S. Lim, "Effects of social and technology overload on psychological well-being in young South Korean adults: The mediatory role of social network service addiction," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 61, pp. 245-254, 2016.
[28]
D. J. Kuss and M. D. Griffiths, "Online social networking and addiction—a review of the psychological literature," International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 8, pp. 3528-3552, 2011.
[29]
J. Wright, The soft addiction solution: Break free of the seemingly harmless habits that keep you from the life you want: Penguin, 2006.
[30]
E. Echeburúa and P. de Corral, "Addiction to new technologies and to online social networking in young people: A new challenge," ed, 2009.
[31]
C. Wang, M. K. Lee, and Z. Hua, "A theory of social media dependence: Evidence from microblog users," Decision Support Systems, vol. 69, pp. 40-49, 2015.
[32]
R. LaRose, C. A. Lin, and M. S. Eastin, "Unregulated Internet usage: Addiction, habit, or deficient self-regulation?," Media Psychology, vol. 5, pp. 225-253, 2003.
[33]
B. Sago, "Factors influencing social media adoption and frequency of use: An examination of Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and Google+," International Journal of Business and Commerce, vol. 3, pp. 1-14, 2013.
[34]
P. Y. Chau, "Influence of computer attitude and self-efficacy on IT usage behavior," Journal of Organizational and End User Computing, vol. 13, p. 26, 2001.
[35]
F. D. Davis, R. P. Bagozzi, and P. R. Warshaw, "User acceptance of computer technology: a comparison of two theoretical models," Management science, vol. 35, pp. 982-1003, 1989.
[36]
E. Karahanna and D. W. Straub, "The psychological origins of perceived usefulness and ease-of-use," Information & management, vol. 35, pp. 237-250, 1999.
[37]
F. D. Davis, "Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology," MIS quarterly, pp. 319-340, 1989.
[38]
M. Lane and P. Coleman, "Technology ease of use through social networking media," Journal of Technology Research, vol. 3, p. 1, 2012.
[39]
H. C. Triandis, "Values, attitudes, and interpersonal behavior," in Nebraska symposium on motivation, 1979.
[40]
J. A. Ouellette and W. Wood, "Habit and intention in everyday life: The multiple processes by which past behavior predicts future behavior," Psychological bulletin, vol. 124, p. 54, 1998.
[41]
D. Thadani and C. Cheung, "Exploring the role of online social network dependency in habit formation," 2011.
[42]
W. Wood and D. T. Neal, "A new look at habits and the habit-goal interface," Psychological review, vol. 114, p. 843, 2007.
[43]
M. Limayem, S. G. Hirt, and C. M. Cheung, "How habit limits the predictive power of intention: The case of information systems continuance," MIS quarterly, pp. 705-737, 2007.
[44]
M. Limayem and C. M. Cheung, "Understanding information systems continuance: The case of Internet-based learning technologies," Information & management, vol. 45, pp. 227-232, 2008.
[45]
G. Chen, P. N. Sharma, S. K. Edinger, D. L. Shapiro, and J.-L. Farh, "Motivating and demotivating forces in teams: cross-level influences of empowering leadership and relationship conflict," Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 96, p. 541, 2011.
[46]
D. Zhao and M. B. Rosson, "How and why people Twitter: the role that micro-blogging plays in informal communication at work," in Proceedings of the ACM 2009 international conference on Supporting group work, 2009, pp. 243-252.
[47]
B. J. Everitt and T. W. Robbins, "Neural systems of reinforcement for drug addiction: from actions to habits to compulsion," Nature neuroscience, vol. 8, pp. 1481-1489, 2005.
[48]
C. L. Hull, "Principles of behavior: An introduction to behavior theory," 1943.
[49]
B. Verplanken, H. Aarts, A. Knippenberg, and A. Moonen, "Habit versus planned behaviour: A field experiment," British journal of social psychology, vol. 37, pp. 111-128, 1998.
[50]
W. Thorngate, "Must we always think before we act?," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 2, pp. 31-35, 1976.
[51]
H. Triandis, "Interpersonal Behavior (Brooks/Cole, Monterey, CA)," Google Scholar, 1977.
[52]
J. Watson, "Behavior: An introduction to comparative behavior," New York: Holt, 1914.
[53]
J. P. Charlton, "A factor‐analytic investigation of computer ‘addiction’and engagement," British journal of psychology, vol. 93, pp. 329-344, 2002.
[54]
M. Koc and S. Gulyagci, "Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics," Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, vol. 16, pp. 279-284, 2013.
[55]
C. Steinfield, N. B. Ellison, and C. Lampe, "Social capital, self-esteem, and use of online social network sites: A longitudinal analysis," Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 29, pp. 434-445, 2008.
[56]
L. R. Wheeless and J. Grotz, "The measurement of trust and its relationship to self‐disclosure," Human Communication Research, vol. 3, pp. 250-257, 1977.
[57]
N. Madjar and G. R. Oldham, "Task rotation and polychronicity: Effects on individuals' creativity," Human Performance, vol. 19, pp. 117-131, 2006.
[58]
T. R. Hinkin, "A brief tutorial on the development of measures for use in survey questionnaires," Organizational research methods, vol. 1, pp. 104-121, 1998.
[59]
J. C. Nunnally and I. Bernstein, "Validity," Psychometric theory, pp. 99-132, 1994.
[60]
R. P. Bagozzi and Y. Yi, "On the evaluation of structural equation models," Journal of the academy of marketing science, vol. 16, pp. 74-94, 1988.
[61]
D. P. MacKinnon, C. M. Lockwood, and J. Williams, "Confidence limits for the indirect effect: Distribution of the product and resampling methods," Multivariate behavioral research, vol. 39, pp. 99-128, 2004.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186