Gender Discrimination in the Implementation of Minimum Wage in Hattar Industrial Zone Haripur Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)
Advances in Sciences and Humanities
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 12-15
Received: Mar. 14, 2018;
Accepted: Apr. 27, 2018;
Published: May 10, 2018
Views 975 Downloads 76
Mukhtar Javed, Welfare Association Jared, Abbottabad, Pakistan
Shahzada Muhammad Ussama Ghazali, Welfare Association Jared, Abbottabad, Pakistan
Follow on us
With reference to the Action Research Course jointly sponsored by Church world Service Pakistan (CWSP) and Free and Fair election network (FAFEN), it was expected that in HIE, the food factories are involved in gender discrimination while implementing minimum wage act and pay less salaries to women workers as compare to men. The major objective of this research study is to know about the ground realities women are facing regarding to Gender Discrimination, Labor Law, Civil and Social Law’s, and Social, Financial and Occupational Safety. In this regard, Semi Structure Interviews (SSI) of women and men workers of Factories was taken. It is concluded that inequality in achievement of occupations is an astounding wonder between male and females. It is additionally discovered that not a single factory had a Union or Collective Bargaining Agent (CBA). This means that workers have no channel to raise their voices against any discrimination they face. The probability of harassment at the hand of owner or male supervisor is high. Government should make some solid developments for unbiased work opportunities, improving institutions and framework.
Gender Discrimination, Wage Differentials, Low Wage, Hattar Industrial, Huripur, Pakistan
To cite this article
Shahzada Muhammad Ussama Ghazali,
Gender Discrimination in the Implementation of Minimum Wage in Hattar Industrial Zone Haripur Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan), Advances in Sciences and Humanities.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2018, pp. 12-15.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ghulam Yasin, I. S. C., Saima Afzal (2010). "The Determinants of Gender Wage Discrimination in Pakistan." Asian Social Science Vol. 6 (11 Nov 2010): 240.
Group, W. B. (2012). "Gender differences in employment” (WORLD DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2012 Chapter 5).
UNDP (1997). HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT. New York Oxford University Press, Oxford University.
Zhang, B. a. (1995). "Gender Issue and Employment in Asia."
Siddiqui, R., and I. Zafar (2001) Tariff Reduction and Functional Income Distribution in Pakistan: A CGE Model. Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad, Pakistan. (MIMAP Technical Paper Series No. 10.).
2008 I. R. A. "National Assembly of Pakistan. Islamabad. The Gazette of Pakistan." (December 15. 2008).
Pakistan, Gov (1969 as amended to 1997). INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS ORDINANCE. 1969. NATLEX. Pakistan, Government of Pakistan.
Wajid Rehman, A. Z., Nayyara Noor, Mohsan Nawaz (2007). "Heavy metal pollution assessment in various industries of Pakistan." Springer-Verlag 2007: 358.
International Labor Organization, NATLEX database: PAKISTAN THE FACTORIES ACT, 1934, as amended to 1997; Chapter 4, Section 34 Factory Hours.
International Labor Organization, NATLEX database: PAKISTAN THE FACTORIES ACT, 1934, as amended to 1997; Chapter 4 Section 38 Extra pay for overtime.