Fifty Years of Traditional Gender Roles on Mexican Textbooks for Elementary School
Advances in Sciences and Humanities
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2019, Pages: 1-9
Received: Nov. 13, 2018; Accepted: Nov. 29, 2018; Published: Jan. 21, 2019
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Authors
Mayra Margarito Gaspar, Department of Letters, Guadalajara University, Guadalajara, México
Silvia Quezada Camberos, Department of Letters, Guadalajara University, Guadalajara, México
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Abstract
This research observes the construction of gender roles throughout the action of basic education school, taking as a guiding axis how textbooks depict the feminine and masculine figures. The Comisión Nacional de Libros de Texto Gratuitos (CONALITEG - National Commission of Free Textbooks) distributes the official textbooks for basic education to all public or private Mexican schools. This government agency is also responsible for designing and editing books and printed materials to complement the programs and educational reforms to be implemented. The volumes intended for primary school students constitute the object of this research, since they have become the main teaching tool. The corpus consists of editions from 1960 to 2009; these books correspond to three educational reforms. The use of texts of different periods allowed to establish a comparison between the men’s and women’s functions in fifty years. The theoretical-methodological approach of this paper is based on the Barthes’ iconographic proposal. This author explains the social nature of speech figures, analyzing the denoted and connoted messages of visual texts. Following this perspective, images of different decades were reviewed to observe the dialogue they establish and through which two gender figures are constructed: the female motherhood and the male productiveness.
Keywords
Gender Roles, Textbooks, Image, Identity, Discourse
To cite this article
Mayra Margarito Gaspar, Silvia Quezada Camberos, Fifty Years of Traditional Gender Roles on Mexican Textbooks for Elementary School, Advances in Sciences and Humanities. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ash.20190501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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