The Politics of Environment in Ethiopia: The Policies and Practices Appraisal Since 1991
Advances in Sciences and Humanities
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 88-97
Received: Jul. 8, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 30, 2019; Published: Aug. 13, 2019
Views 8      Downloads 4
Sebsib Hadis, Department of Peace and Development Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Mulugeta Tesfaye, Department of Peace and Development Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Shimellis Hailu, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
This article analyzes the Ethiopian environmental policy and practices since 1991. This paper employs a set of principles and frameworks that Weimer &Vining developed as grand principles of environmental policy and practices. The review is an attempt to analyze the international environmental engagements of Ethiopia vis-à-vis the domestic environmental policy practices. To properly address the issue, qualitative research approach and content analysis design are employed. The review consulted a multiple of secondary sources from different institutions and organizations. From the bulk of literature and policy documents, Ethiopia is an internationally visible country on environmental campaigns more than countries with better domestic achievements on the environmental protection. Unlike the international political leadership for green economy and environmental protection, the country’s domestic performances are not fully translated due to policy gaps, institutional dissonance and lack of political will and commitment. Hence, the environmental issues of Ethiopia serve the political agenda than the genuine environmental concern. The research implies the following areas of intervention. Namely, (1) the government needs to work on revising policy documents that correct environmental policy inconsistency. (2) It should also enhance the capacity, efficiency and institutional harmony of environmental protection agencies to realize the environmental goals of the country. (3) The government should give a political will and commitment to the domestic environmental issues like its international commitment and visibility.
Environmental Politics, Environmental Policy, Ethiopia, Practice
To cite this article
Sebsib Hadis, Mulugeta Tesfaye, Shimellis Hailu, The Politics of Environment in Ethiopia: The Policies and Practices Appraisal Since 1991, Advances in Sciences and Humanities. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 88-97. doi: 10.11648/j.ash.20190504.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UN (2001). Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
UN(1992). Paris Agreement, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
UNTC (1991) Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context; (Finland).
UN (1994) Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (as agreed in1987) Montreal, Canada,
UN (1992) Convention on Biological diversity.
UN (1992). The Rio Declaration On Environment And Development (1992); The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Having met at Rio de Janeiro.
Dominik, W. S. (2010). Evaluation of the environmental policy and impact assessment process in Ethiopia: Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 28 (1), March 2010, pages 29–40 DOI: 10. 3152/146155110X488844;
Edwards S. (ed) (2010) Ethiopian Environment Review, FORUM FOR ENVIRONMENT ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA.
Colby Environmental Policy Group. 2011. Environmental Policy Review 2011: Key Issues in Ethiopia 2011. Waterville, Maine: Colby College Environmental Studies Program.
Tenalem Ayenew. (2004). Environmental implications of changes in the levels of lakes in the Ethiopian Rift since 1970. pringer-Verlag.
Kefauver (2011). Environmental Policy Review 2011: How Environmental Policy Facilitates or Constrains the Activities of Environmental NGOs in Ethiopia.
Carter (2007). Critiquing environmental management in indigenous Australia: two case studies, Royal geographical society, V. 39 (1), Willy Online library.
Elliot, R. (2001). Normative Ethics (Ed) in Jemison, A companion to Environmental Ethics (177-192), Blackwell Publisher, Ltd.
UN (1998) Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
UNEP (2006). ROTTERDAM CONVENTION: on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade.
Conference of the Plenipotentiaries (1992) Basel Convention on the Control of Tran boundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal Adopted By The Conference Of The Plenipotentiaries On 22 March 1989.
UN (1998). Protocol to the 1979 convention on long-range trans-boundary air pollution on persistent organic pollutants, Denmark.
UN (2015). Paris Climate Conference.
Singer (2001). Introduction: Choosing among non-speciouscist ethics (Ed) in Jemison, A companion to Environmental Ethics (416-426), Blackwell Publisher, Ltd.
FDRE Environmental Protection authority(2017), Country Environmental Analysis (CEA), Ethiopia Realizing Green Transformation: World Bank, Ethiopia Environment and climate research center and Ethiopia development research institute.
Global Environmental Financing (GEF) (2011). Annual Performance Report.
FDRE Constitution. (1995). the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZET A.
FDRE Environmental Protection policy (2011). GEF Pollution Identification document, AA. Ethiopia.
Ministry Of Water Resources (2001) Ethiopian Water Sector Policy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Sebsib, Mulugeta and Shimelis (2019). Local Water Governance in the case of Borkena River: Trends, actors and Human Security issues. Dessie, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. (unpublished).
Kenichi. (2009). ADLI and Future Directions forIndustrial Development.
MoFED (2010). Ethiopia's First Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP I) 2010/11-2014/15, 2010).
Getaw (2017) Post Completion Sustainability of Ethiopian Railway Project: The Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit Project (AALRTP) - Scientific & Academic Publishing. , Management, 7 (1): 7-28.
National Planning Commission (2016). Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Growth and Transformation Plan II (GTP II) (2015/16-2019/20) Volume I. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
MEFCC (2015) ETHIOPIA’s ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL SAFEGUARDS FRAMEWORK (ESSF) FOR THE CRGE INITIATIVE”: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Mohammed Seidand BehailuTaye (2019) Impacts of human activities on wildlife: The case of Nile Lechwe (Kobusmegaceros) Gambella National Park, Southwest Ethiopia; International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation.
Tamanini (2016). The global green economy index: Measuring national performance in the green economy. 5th edition-September 2016. Dual citizen LLC, USA.
Johannes and Reiher(2013) Green Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa; Lessons from Benin, Ethiopia, Ghana, Namibia and Nigeria; Deutsche Gesellschaftfür Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186