River Governance and Human Security Topics in Ethiopia: An Examination of the Catchment Area Residents’ Anxiety
Advances in Sciences and Humanities
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 98-104
Received: Jul. 15, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 7, 2019;
Published: Aug. 29, 2019
Views 96 Downloads 17
Mulugeta Tesfaye Teshome, Department of Peace and Development Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Sebsib Haddis Woldie, Department of Peace and Development Studies, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Shimellis Hailu Dessie, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Follow on us
This paper discussed the human security issue induced from poor river governance in Ethiopia by selecting Borkena River as a show case. To address the problem at hand qualitative Case study research design is employed and primary data were collected through in-depth interview and field observation. Though rivers in Ethiopia in general and Borkena River in particular are sources of livelihood of many people in Ethiopia. Rivers in the country are exposed to different kinds of stressors like environmental pollution, riverside settlement, envision of foreign water weeds, and environmental degradation. This research identified that flood, conflict, pollution and depletion, are the major human securithy threats that affect the local people’s normal life. Based on the finding, research implied that there is an urge to clean and treat the river water to make ready for use. Simultaneously the government agency need to control pervasive pollutants and should give compensation for those who lost their livelihood due to pollution. Environmental Protection works are imperative to maximize the rivers utilization and sustainability of the resident’s life.
Borkena River, Human Security, River Governance, Security Threats
To cite this article
Mulugeta Tesfaye Teshome,
Sebsib Haddis Woldie,
Shimellis Hailu Dessie,
River Governance and Human Security Topics in Ethiopia: An Examination of the Catchment Area Residents’ Anxiety, Advances in Sciences and Humanities.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2019, pp. 98-104.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
De Stefanoa et al (2014) Water governance benchmarking: concepts and approach framework as applied to Middle East and North Africa countries, Water Policy 16 (2014) 1121–1139.
Commission for Human Security Unit (2003). Human Security in Theory and Practice: An Overview of the Human Security Concept. United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security. http://www.un.org/humansecurity/sites/www.un.org.humansecurity/files.
Aduloju, A. and Omowunmi O. (2014). "Human Security and Developmental Crisis in the Contemporary West Africa." Pratt Journal of Human Security Volume 10 | Issue 1 Pages 46‒58. DOI: 10. 12924/johs2014. 10010046.
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) (2010). “Human Security” Approach Features and Case Studies. Features and Case Studies, Tokyo, Japan. Retrieved from: http://www.jica.go.jp/english.
Schwartz, D. (1999). Environmental Conditions, resource and Conflict: An Introductory Overview and Data Collection. UNEP Environmental Information (pp. 1-46). Nirobi: Division of Environmental Information, Assessment & Early Warning (DEIA&EW) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Buzan (1987). An Introduction to Strategic Studies: Military Technology and International Relations. London: Macmillan in association with the International Institute of Strategic Studies.
Goldestone, J. (2002). "Population and Security: How Demographic Change Can Lead". International Affairs, vol. 56, no. 1, The Trustees of Columbia University, New York.
Homer-Dixon, T. (1994). "Environmental Scarcity and Violent conflict: Evidence from Cases". Peace and Conflict Studies Program of Toronto, International Security, Vol. 19 (I), and Pp. 5-40.
Parker, M. (2013). "Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation". Environmental Change and Security Program Report, Vol/14/issue/02.
Wood, B. E. (2013). What is a social inquiry? Crafting questions that lead to deeper knowledge about society and citizenship participation. SET: Research information for teachers, 2013 (3), 20-28.
Ballabh (2008). Governance of Water: Institutional Alternatives and Political Economy, SAGE Publications, India.
Human Security Unite (HSU) (2009). Human Security in Theory and Practice. An Overview of the Human Security Concept and theUnited Nations Trust Fund for Human SecurityHuman Security Unit. Accessed from www. un. org/humansecurity.
Large, J. and Sisk, T. (2006). Democracy, Conflict and Human Security: Pursuing Peace in the 21st Century. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, Stockholm.