Informal Employment and the Life of Informal Economy Workers in Vietnam
Advances in Sciences and Humanities
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 82-88
Received: Jul. 13, 2020; Accepted: Jul. 27, 2020; Published: Aug. 10, 2020
Views 83      Downloads 50
Author
Doan Van Thang, Faculty of Sociology, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This paper aims to analyze the concepts of informal economy, informal employment, and informal economy workers in Vietnam. The author has also explored the characteristics of the informal economy workers in Vietnam about their education level and income, spiritual and material life, and social policies for them such as social insurance, health insurance, or other social welfare. Informal economy workers are those who have bad technical expertise, unstable jobs, lack labor contracts, or work on verbal contracts to earn a low income. In this paper, the author has proposed some recommendations on improving the life of informal economy workers. The government should enhance public policies and guarantees for them. It is necessary to strengthen the implementation of labor law in the formal sector. Besides, there is a need to enhance assistance on training to improve occupational skills for informal economy workers. The State should encourage informal economy workers to participate in voluntary social insurance programs. To reduce the number of informal economy workers, it is necessary to promote official employment by creating opportunities for the informal economy workers to work in companies, to have labor contracts, and to join social insurance and health insurance.
Keywords
Informal Sector, Informal Economy, Informal Economy Workers, Social Security, The Life
To cite this article
Doan Van Thang, Informal Employment and the Life of Informal Economy Workers in Vietnam, Advances in Sciences and Humanities. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 82-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ash.20200603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Ferman, P. & Ferman, L. (1973). The structural underpinning of the irregular economy. Poverty and Human Resources Abstracts, 8, 3-17.
[2]
Simon, C & Witte, A. (1982). Beating the system: The underground economy. Boston: Auburn House Publishing Company.
[3]
Dilnot, A. & Morris, C. (1981). What do we know about the black economy in the United Kingdom? Fiscal Studies, 2, 163-179.
[4]
Frey, B., Weck, H. & Pommerehne, W. (1982). Has the shadow economy grown in Germany. An exploratory study. Review of World Economics, 118, 499-524.
[5]
Feige, E. L. (1989). The Underground Economies. Tax Evasion and Information Distortion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[6]
Nguyen Hoai Son (2013). Informal sector in developed countries. Vietnam Journal of Social Sciences, 10 (71), p 89.
[7]
Institute of Statistical Science. (2010). Overview of the results of statistical surveys of the informal sector in Vietnam and some recommendations on information management of labor market and human resource development.
[8]
General Statistics Office and International Labor Organization (2016). Unofficial Labor Report 2016, Hong Duc Publishing House, p. 4.
[9]
Hart, K. (1973). “Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana.” Journal of Modern African Studies 11 (1): 61–89.
[10]
Portes, Alejandro. 1981. “Unequal Exchange and the Urban Informal Sector.” In Labor, Class, and the International System, by Alejandro Portes and John Walton. New York: Academic Press.
[11]
General Statistics Office and World Labor Organizatio (2016). Unofficial Labor Report 2016, Hong Duc Publishing House, p. 3.
[12]
General Statistics Office and World Labor Organization (2016). Unofficial Labor Report 2016, Hong Duc Publishing House, p. 7.
[13]
The Communist Party of Vietnam (2008). Resolution of the Sixth Plenum of the Central Executive Committee, term X on continuing building the Vietnamese working class in the period of accelerating industrialization and modernization of the country, No. 20 -NQ / TW, January 28, 2008.
[14]
Nguyen Quoc Luat (2009). Vietnam Human Resources - Situation and Solutions. Journal of Numbers and Events, Vol. 3.
[15]
Duong Minh Duc (2009), It is necessary to take care of the lives of workers in export processing zones, industrial zones, Labor Newspaper, Vol. 223, October 3, 2009.
[16]
Cling JP, Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen, Nguyen Huu Chi, Phan Thi Ngoc Tram, Razafindrakoto M. & Roubaud F. (2010), The informal sector in Vietnam, the situation of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi: The World Editions.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186