Social Media: An Ideal Tool for Public Participation to Promote Deliberative Democracy —— The Case of Public Participation in Refugee Crisis
Advances in Sciences and Humanities
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 70-75
Received: Sep. 5, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 16, 2016; Published: Oct. 18, 2017
Views 2477      Downloads 226
Chuangying Li, Department of Media and Communication, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Article Tools
Follow on us
On social media, the images of a drowned child on the beach continue to spark public’s sympathy toward refugees and evoke international outcry over the governments’ inability to adequately address the refugee crisis. These photos and refugee crisis can be seen as catalysts that have promoted the chain of political events. It has promoted civic engagement and inspired people to participate in this event. By analyzing this case, we can see the relationships between social media, public participation and deliberative democracy quite clearly; analyze why social media is an ideal tool for public participation; discover how powerful voluntary participation is; explore how the level of citizen participation varied during this process; and understand how public participation promote deliberative democracy by social media comprehensively.
Social Media, Public Participation, Deliberative Democracy, Refugee Crisis
To cite this article
Chuangying Li, Social Media: An Ideal Tool for Public Participation to Promote Deliberative Democracy —— The Case of Public Participation in Refugee Crisis, Advances in Sciences and Humanities. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2016, pp. 70-75. doi: 10.11648/j.ash.20160206.13
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Allen, Carpentier, Bailey, Fenton, Jenkins, Lothian, Qiu, Schäfer & Srinivasan. Participation: Dialogues on the Participatory Promise of Contemporary Culture and Politics. International Journal of Communication. Vol. 8, 2014, pp. 1129–1151.
Appiah, K. A. Cosmopolitism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York: Norton, 2007.
Arnstein, S. A Ladder of Citizen Participation. JAIP, Vol. 35, No. 4, July 1969, pp. 216-224.
Butsch, R. The Citizen Audience: Crowds, Publics and Individuals. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.
Carpentier, N. Media and participation: A Site of Ideological-democratic Struggle. Bristol, 2011.
Couldry, N. Why Voice Matters: Culture and Politics After Neoliberalism. London: Sage, 2010.
Couldry, N. The myth of ‘us’: digital networks, political change and the production of collectivity. Information, Communication & Society, 18: 6, 2015, pp. 608-626, DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2014.979216.
Creighton, J. L. The Public Participation Handbook. Making better decisions through citizen involvement. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005.
Dahlgren, P. Media and Political Engagement: Citizens, Communication and Democracy. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Dahlgren, P. Moral Spectatorship and its Discourses: The ‘Mediapolis’ in the Swedish Refugee Crisis. Forthcoming in Javnost/The Public, 2016.
Greenwood, D. J. and Levin, M. Introduction to action research: social research for social change. SAGE, 2007.
Gutmann, A. and Thompson, D. F. Why deliberative democracy. Princeton University Press, 2004.
Jenkins, Henry, Ford, Sam, and Green, J. Spreadable Media. New York: New York Press, 2013.
Jose, M. Political Facebook groups: Micro-activism and the digital front stage. First Monday vol 18 no. 12, 2013. Http://
Livingstone, S. The Participation Paradigm in Audience Research. The Communication Review, 2013.
Miller, P., Bobkowski1, P., Maliniak, D. and Rapoport, R. Talking Politics on Facebook: Network Centrality and Political Discussion Practices in Social Media. Political Research Quarterly 2015, Vol. 68(2), 2015, pp. 377 –391, DOI: 10.1177/1065912915580135
Vaccari, C., Chadwick, A. and Loughlin, B. Dual Screening the Political: Media Events, Social Media, and Citizen Engagement. Journal of Communication 65, 2015, pp. 1041–1061, ISSN 0021-9916.
Zúñiga, G., Homero, Jung, N. and Valenzuel, S. Social media use for news and individuals’ social capital, civic engagement and political participation. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 17 (3), 2012, pp. 319–336.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186