Effect of Initial Bed Height and Liquid Velocity on the Minimum Fluidization Velocity (Umf) and Pressure Drop for the Bed of Semolina Particles in Liquid-Solid Fluidization
American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology
Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2016, Pages: 58-62
Received: Sep. 23, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 14, 2016; Published: Jan. 12, 2017
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Authors
Usman Asghar, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Wah, Wah Cantt., Pakistan
Waqar Ali Khan, Department of Chemical Engineering, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Imran Shamshad, Department of Chemical Engineering, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Pakistan
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Abstract
The successful and economical design, scale up and operation of a fluidized bed reactor depends upon the true prediction of its bed hydrodynamics. The present research has been carried out to study the hydrodynamics behavior of bed of semolina particles in liquid solid fluidization. The prime objective of this research work is to study the effect of liquid superficial velocity and variation in static bed height on the minimum fluidization velocity and pressure drop. Liquid-solid fluidization is characterized by the uniform expansion of bed particles, therefore it is known as particulate fluidization. In liquid solid fluidization, there is no bubbling phase, that is the main cause of uniform bed expansion. Liquid-solid fluidization has extensive field of applications, i.e. in hydrometallurgy, waste water treatment, biochemical processing and food technology. Minimum fluidization velocity and pressure drop are important hydrodynamic parameters in the design and scale up of fluidized bed reactors. The experimental work was carried out in a column made up of acrylic having 60mm outer diameter and 2mm wall thickness and was 1000mm long. Manometers were used to observe the pressure drop variations across the bed. The minimum fluidization velocity was found to be 0.404mm/sec. It has been found that the minimum fluidization velocity is not affected by the variations in the initial static bed height. Semolina particles being sticky solids offer slightly greater pressure drop. Pressure drop becomes constant when fluidization is achieved.
Keywords
Pressure Drop, Liquid-Solid Fluidization, Minimum Fluidization Velocity, Bed of Semolina Particles
To cite this article
Usman Asghar, Waqar Ali Khan, Imran Shamshad, Effect of Initial Bed Height and Liquid Velocity on the Minimum Fluidization Velocity (Umf) and Pressure Drop for the Bed of Semolina Particles in Liquid-Solid Fluidization, American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 58-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20160102.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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