Water Supply System in Pabna Municipality of Bangladesh: A Case Study
American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 20-24
Received: Jan. 9, 2020; Accepted: Jan. 29, 2020; Published: Feb. 4, 2020
Views 452      Downloads 140
Mohammad Atauzzaman, Department of Civil Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Mohammad Yousuf Ali, Department of Civil Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Musammat Meherun Nesa, Department of Civil Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Safe and adequate water supply is a challenging task in many developing cities like Pabna. People have been facing water supply problems e.g. odor, turbidity, iron, etc., thus leading to public health risk e.g. typhoid, skin disease, allergy, etc. This paper presents the existing water supply system of ward no. 5 of Pabna municipality. Primary data were collected from the householders through questionnaire and field visit to the study area during October, 2018 to April, 2019. The valuable information, ward map, etc. were collected from the respective officials of Pabna municipality. The collected data and information were then analysed. 19% householders use groundwater, 9% householders use public supply water and the rest use both. They use groundwater for drinking purposes and supply water for domestic purposes. 71% householders use water 80~100 lpcd and 29% householders use water 60~80 lpcd for their daily usages e.g. drinking, cooking, bathing, washing, defecation, etc. They use more water at morning and noon. 17% householders face occasionally and 32% householders face rarely the shortage of water. In supply water, odor is high at 46% houses, medium at 30% houses and low at 12% houses and turbidity medium at 10% houses and low at 76% houses. Supply water contains iron; high at 2% houses, medium at 39% houses and low at 46% houses. Arsenic is not present in both groundwater and supply water. Drinking water quality is very good at 12% houses, good at 15% houses and satisfactory at 73% houses. Some householders use filtered or boiled water for drinking. 90% householders use economic water closets. 20% householders are affected by water borne diseases e.g. skin disease, allergy, etc. The study helps understand the nature and type of water supply problems faced by the dwellers of Pabna municipality.
Groundwater, Health Risk, Supply Water, Water Scarcity, Water Supply System
To cite this article
Mohammad Atauzzaman, Mohammad Yousuf Ali, Musammat Meherun Nesa, Water Supply System in Pabna Municipality of Bangladesh: A Case Study, American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 20-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.20200501.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
K. Gupta, 2006, Rainwater Harvesting, Indian Railways Institute of Civil Engineering, Pune, India.
Adeleye, S. Medayese, O. Okelola, 2014, Problems of Water Supply and Sanitation in Kpakungu Area of Minna (Nigeria), Glocalism: Journal of Culture, Politics and Innovation, 1 (2): 1-34, https://doi.org/10.12893/gjcpi.2014.1-2.9.
M. A. L. Zavala, M. J. C. Prieto, C. A. R Rojas, 2018, Rainwater Harvesting as an Alternative for Water Supply in Regions with High Water Stress, Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, 18 (6): 1946-1955, https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2018.018.
S. C. Rangwala, K. S. Rangwala, P. S. Rangwala, 2000, Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering: Environmental Engineering, Rupali Publications, Anand, India.
M. F. Ahmed, M. M. Rahman, 2000, Water Supply & Sanitation: Rural and Low Income Urban Communities, ITN-Bangladesh, BUET, Dhaka.
United Nations Conference on Environment & Development, Rio de Janerio, Brazil, 1992, Agenda 21.
Protection of the Quality and Supply of Freshwater Resources: Application of Integrated Approaches to the Development, Management and Use of Water Resources 1995, Aprenet, 1995.
J. C. Semenza, L. Roberts, A. Henderson, J. Bogan, C. H. Rubin, 1998, Water Distribution System and Diarrheal Disease Transmission: A Case Study in Uzbekistan, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 59 (6): 941-946.
S. M. Muhibullah, 1997, Water Supply System Planning for a District Town: A Case Study of Pabna Paurashava, Thesis Report, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
V. D. Bruggen, K. Borghgraef, C. Vinckier, 2009, Causes of Water Supply Problems in Urbanised Regions in Developing Countries, Water Resources Management, 24 (9): 1885-1902, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-009-9529-8.
https://thewaterproject.org/water-crisis/water-in-crisis-bangladesh, Accessed on 23 November 2019.
Urban Sector and Water Supply and Sanitation in Bangladesh, 2009, Evaluation Study, Independent Evaluation Department, Asian Development Bank.
F. M. A. Uddin, M. A. Baten, 2011, Water Supply of Dhaka City: Murky Future, Unnayan Onneshan - The Innovators, 1-34.
K. Fahmida, M. H. R. Lemon, M. S. Islam, M. A. Kader, 2013, Assessment of Supplied Water Quality of Khulna WASA of Bangladesh, International Conference on Mechanical, Industrial and Materials Engineering 2013, RUET, Rajshahi, Bangladesh, 852-857.
M. F. R. Zuthi, M. Biswas, M. N. Bahar, 2009, Assessment of Supply Water Quality in the Chittagong City of Bangladesh, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 4 (3): 73-80.
M. A. Pramanik, M. M. Rahman, 2013, Urban Water Supply Network Analysis: A Case Study on Pabna Municipality, Bangladesh, 1 (8): 121-126.
Pabna District Statistics 2011, 2013, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
http://www.pabna.gov.bd/, Accessed on 23 November 2019.
Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011: National Report Volume- 3, 2014, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Water Works Department of Pabna Municipality, Pabna, Visited on 13 October 2018.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186