Application of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in HIV Prevention: A Literature Review
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2015, Pages: 1-8
Received: May 22, 2015; Accepted: May 31, 2015; Published: Jun. 15, 2015
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Authors
Elvis E. Tarkang, Department of Population and Behavioural Science, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Volta Region, Ghana
Francis B. Zotor, Department of Family and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Volta Region, Ghana
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Abstract
As part of a study that explored the factors associated with consistent condom use among senior secondary school female learners in Mbonge subdivision of rural Cameroon, the Health Belief Model (HBM) was used as the framework. Literature was reviewed to ascertain how the entire HBM has been defined and what recommendations have been made as to how to apply the HBM as a framework in studies regarding HIV/AIDS prevention. To achieve this, a systemic review of literature was undertaken. Electronic databases, academic journals and books from various sources were accessed. Several key search terms relating to the HBM and HIV/AIDS prevention were used. Only references deemed useful for bibliographies of relevant texts and journal articles were included. The inclusion criteria were articles that provided information about HIV/AIDS prevention and the HBM constructs. Six constructs of the HBM (perceived susceptibility to HIV/AIDS, perceived severity of HIV/AIDS, perceived benefit of condom use, perceived barriers to condom use, cues to action for condom use and condom use self-efficacy), and modifying factors were identified and applied as the framework for the study. The HBM was identified as the most commonly used theory in health education, health promotion and disease prevention, and thus provided the framework for the study. The underlying concept of the HBM is that behaviour is determined by personal beliefs or perceptions about a disease and the strategies available to decrease its occurrence.
Keywords
Health Belief Model (HBM), HIV/AIDS Prevention, Sexual Behaviours, Consistent Condom Use
To cite this article
Elvis E. Tarkang, Francis B. Zotor, Application of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in HIV Prevention: A Literature Review, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2015, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20150101.11
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