Multiple Sexual Partnership and Perception of Risk of HIV Infection among Out-of-school Youths Aged 15-24 in Cameroon: A Short Communication
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2015, Pages: 9-13
Received: Jun. 1, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 18, 2015; Published: Jun. 19, 2015
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Author
Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang, Department of Population and Behavioural Science, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences (UHAS), Ho, Ghana
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Abstract
Cameroon has a high concentration of out-of-school youths. Therefore research relating to out-of-school adolescents and HIV/AIDS is imperative. The aim of the study was to investigate the perception of risk of contracting HIV/AIDS and its association with multiple sexual partners among out-of-school youths in Kumba, the Southwest region of Cameroon. A cross sectional study was adopted using a self-administered pretested questionnaire to collect data from a multistage probability sample of 405 consenting (208 male and 197 female) out-of-school youths, aged 15-24 years in July 2013. Chi square statistics were calculated using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 at the level 0.05. Only few out-of-school youths, 84 (20.7%) perceived themselves at high risk of contracting HIV. Of the sexually active respondents, the majority, 129 (57.3%) reported having had multiple sexual partners in the last one year before this study, and 62 (27.7%) reported having multiple concurrent sexual partners at the time of this study. Sexually active respondents who agreed that having multiple sexual partners is a sexual risk behaviour were less likely to have had multiple sequential sexual partners in the one year preceding this study than those who disagreed (p=0.022). Out-of-school youths manifested low perception of risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, with youths having low perception, likely to engage in multiple sexual partnerships, and therefore are at high risk of HIV/AIDS transmission. Targeted programs towards out-of-school youths should focus more on promoting safe sexual practices.
Keywords
Cameroon, HIV/AIDS, Multiple Sexual Partners, Out-of-school Youth, Perception of Risk
To cite this article
Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang, Multiple Sexual Partnership and Perception of Risk of HIV Infection among Out-of-school Youths Aged 15-24 in Cameroon: A Short Communication, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2015, pp. 9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20150101.12
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