Assessment of Malnutrition Prevalence Among Under Five Children Living in Sanmatenga Area of Burkina Faso, After the 2011-2012 Drought
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2015, Pages: 37-45
Received: Dec. 22, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 21, 2016; Published: Feb. 19, 2016
Views 2626      Downloads 96
Authors
Ouédraogo Somketta Emmanuel, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Bengaly Daba Marcel, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Compaoré Wendinpuikondo Ella, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Pietra Virginio, Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
Francis Zotor, University of Health & Allied Sciences, Family and Community Health, School of Public Health, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
Traoré Alfred, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
In Burkina Faso, the malnutrition rate remains high according to the results of the various nutritional surveys carried out throughout the country since 2009. The children’s nutritional state is characterized by an endemic malnutrition and the 2012 food crisis has led into an exacerbation of the acute malnutrition that mostly affects the children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate children less than five years with acute malnutrition in poor households affected by the 2012 food crisis in Sanmatenga province of Burkina Faso. The study conducted was retrospective based on the analysis of identified data of 4755 beneficiary poor households on a food security and livelihoods project that Non-Governmental Office (NGO) Save the Children International had implemented in Sanmatenga province in 2013 in response to the food crisis. The study showed that children under five in these poor households were severely affected by malnutrition. The global acute malnutrition rate according to mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) was 8.1% CI95 [7.6 – 8.6]. That high prevalence showed an important deterioration of the nutritional and food situation in these households following the food crisis. The results of the statistical analyzes revealed that the parent’s place of residence, the household’s size, the number of under five children and the household’s poverty have a statistically significant negative impact on the malnutrition prevalence of 6 to 59 months old children in the poor households in Burkina Faso.
Keywords
Global Acute Malnutrition, Food Insecurity, Mid-Upper Arm Circumference, Poverty, Burkina Faso
To cite this article
Ouédraogo Somketta Emmanuel, Bengaly Daba Marcel, Compaoré Wendinpuikondo Ella, Pietra Virginio, Francis Zotor, Traoré Alfred, Assessment of Malnutrition Prevalence Among Under Five Children Living in Sanmatenga Area of Burkina Faso, After the 2011-2012 Drought, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2015, pp. 37-45. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20150104.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
UNICEF, 2012. Situation of the World's Children, UNICEF, 156p.
[2]
Black R., Allen L. H., Bhutta Z. A., C., Caulfield L. E., 2008. For the maternal and child under nutrition study group. Maternal and child under nutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Online Jan 17 (07), pp 1-3.
[3]
FAO, 2012. Crisis in Sahel 2012: Ensuring food security and livelihoods. Information note N°1, pp 12-16.
[4]
WFP, 2012. WFP Nutrition Policy (WFP / EB.1 / 2012/5-A), 165p.
[5]
WFP/GDPRE, 2012. Emergency Food security assessment (EFSA) in 170 communes declared at risk of food insecurity in Burkina Faso, 60p.
[6]
Action Against Hunger (AAH), 2011. Food security and livelihoods monitoring. Practical Guide for field workers 132p, pp 79-86.
[7]
Adoum, D., Dougouma, A., Marandi, F., 2011. Causal Analysis of malnutrition in Chad. Case EDST II investigation 40p.
[8]
Dabo, K. Traoré, S. Traoré, B., 2008. Analysis of the causes of malnutrition in three Sahelian countries: Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad. Research Report INSAH. 77p.
[9]
Morrisson, C., C. Linskens, 2000. The explanatory factors of malnutrition in SSA. Working Paper No. 167, CD / OECD5 (2000) 11, 41p.
[10]
National Institute of Statistics and Demography (INSD), 2012. Profile and trends in poverty in Burkina Faso. National Report 2012, 162p.
[11]
General Direction of Promotion and Rural Economy (GDPRE), 2012. Household Economy Analysis / Livelihoods areas / HEA analysis results. Final report pp 23-28.
[12]
Social Action and National Solidarity Ministry (SANSM), 2011. Study on child labor panning for gold and craft quarries in five regions of Burkina Faso. Final report, pp 21-22.
[13]
WHO, 2009. WHO growth standards and the identification of severe acute malnutrition in children. Joint statement by WHO and UNICEF, 12p.
[14]
National Institute of Statistics and Demography (INSD), 2011. Socio-economic and health conditions in Centre Nord region. Final Report 2011. 8p.
[15]
Regional Department of Economy and Planning (RDEP), 2012. Annual report on the households living conditions, North Central region, 28p.
[16]
Direction of Nutrition (DN), 2012. National Nutrition Survey. Final Report 2012. Ministry of Health, 64p.
[17]
General Direction of Wastewaters and Excreta Sanitation (GDWES), 2010. National Survey of household access to household Sanitation works (NSS-2010). Results for Sanmatenga province, 60p.
[18]
Zoma L., 2011. Evaluation of the efficiency of the ambulatory care section in the community care of the acute malnutrition at the children from six (06) to fifty nine (59) months in the sanitary district of Kaya. Master's essay, University of Ouagadougou, 52p.
[19]
Yé B., 2010. Consequences of the socioeconomic situation of the households on the adhesion to the program of coverage of the malnourished children in the sanitary district of Kaya, region of the Center North. Master memory, University of Ouagadougou, 43p.
[20]
Mahamadou, O., Mamane, AR, Modieli, AD, 2014. Causal Analysis of malnutrition in Niger. Studies and research Sahelian INSAH N°21. 57p.
[21]
Touglo, A. L., Toro, N., Abu, H., 2014. Causal Analysis of malnutrition in Togo. Studies and research Sahelian INSAH No. 21. 51p.
[22]
Djécombé, R. M., 2012: The determinants of malnutrition in children under five years old in Chad. Academic Internship Report 38p.
[23]
Inter-State Committee against Drought in the Sahel (CILSS), 2008. Causal Analysis of malnutrition based on sample surveys of households. MICS 2000 and MICS 2006. EDSN-Framework Document NUSAPPS Niger, 34p.
[24]
Moulna, A., 2011. Inequalities of prevalence of malnutrition in children under five years according sex in Chad. Master Thesis, University of Yaounde II, pp. 94-100.
[25]
General Direction of Promotion and Rural Economy (GDPRE), 2009. National Survey of Food Insecurity and Malnutrition (ENIAM). Final Report 193p.
[26]
Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), 2010. Manual of zones and livelihoods profiles description in Burkina Faso, pp 45-52.
[27]
Ilboudo N., 2003. The determinants of child malnutrition in Burkina Faso. Master's memory 54p.
[28]
Red Cross, 2009. Factors influencing access to community treatment of malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. 2009 newsletters, pp 15-17.
[29]
Aouehougon O., 2007. Protein-energy malnutrition and its risk factors in children under 5 in Tougan health district. Epidemiology health attached diploma thesis. National School of Public Health (Burkina Faso) 72p.
[30]
Mboumba, H. A., 2010. Explanatory factors of malnutrition in children under five years in Gabon. Memory University of Yaounde II, pp. 68-77.
[31]
Agriculture and Food Security Ministry (MASA), 2012. First session of Food Security Forecasting Committee in 2012: statement by the actors of a national food insecure situation. 2012 Bulletin of the Early Warning System. 20p.
[32]
Paoli V., 2009. Food crisis in Africa: The case of Burkina Faso. PhD in economics, 124p.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186