Assessment of Malnutrition Prevalence Among Under Five Children Living in Sanmatenga Area of Burkina Faso, After the 2011-2012 Drought
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2015, Pages: 37-45
Received: Dec. 22, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 21, 2016;
Published: Feb. 19, 2016
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Ouédraogo Somketta Emmanuel, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Bengaly Daba Marcel, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Compaoré Wendinpuikondo Ella, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Pietra Virginio, Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
Francis Zotor, University of Health & Allied Sciences, Family and Community Health, School of Public Health, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
Traoré Alfred, Biological, Food and Nutritional Sciences Research Centre (CRSBAN), UFR-SVT, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
In Burkina Faso, the malnutrition rate remains high according to the results of the various nutritional surveys carried out throughout the country since 2009. The children’s nutritional state is characterized by an endemic malnutrition and the 2012 food crisis has led into an exacerbation of the acute malnutrition that mostly affects the children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate children less than five years with acute malnutrition in poor households affected by the 2012 food crisis in Sanmatenga province of Burkina Faso. The study conducted was retrospective based on the analysis of identified data of 4755 beneficiary poor households on a food security and livelihoods project that Non-Governmental Office (NGO) Save the Children International had implemented in Sanmatenga province in 2013 in response to the food crisis. The study showed that children under five in these poor households were severely affected by malnutrition. The global acute malnutrition rate according to mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) was 8.1% CI95 [7.6 – 8.6]. That high prevalence showed an important deterioration of the nutritional and food situation in these households following the food crisis. The results of the statistical analyzes revealed that the parent’s place of residence, the household’s size, the number of under five children and the household’s poverty have a statistically significant negative impact on the malnutrition prevalence of 6 to 59 months old children in the poor households in Burkina Faso.
Ouédraogo Somketta Emmanuel,
Bengaly Daba Marcel,
Compaoré Wendinpuikondo Ella,
Assessment of Malnutrition Prevalence Among Under Five Children Living in Sanmatenga Area of Burkina Faso, After the 2011-2012 Drought, Central African Journal of Public Health.
Vol. 1, No. 4,
2015, pp. 37-45.
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