Public Beliefs, Attitude and Practice of Voluntary Non-remunerated Blood Donation Among Resident in Sokoto, Nigeria
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 90-96
Received: Aug. 24, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 8, 2017; Published: Oct. 17, 2017
Views 1454      Downloads 129
Aminu Umar Kaoje, Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Abubakar Umar Musa, Department Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Nneka Christina Okafoagu, Department of Community Health, West Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria
Haruna Ibrahim, Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Mansur Olayinka Raji, Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Umar Mohammed Ango, Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
The practice of blood donation and transfusion is life saving and in spite of extensive researches, an ideal blood substitute is yet to been found, therefore man will continue to depend on blood donated from fellow humans. The aim of the study is to assess public belief, attitude to and practices of voluntary non-remunerated blood donation among resident in Sokoto metropolis. This is a population-based descriptive cross-sectional study. Multistage sampling technique was applied to select the respondents. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Skewed quantitative variables were summarised using median and inter-quartile range and categorical variables using frequencies and percentages. Chi square test of association and binary logistic regression analysis were performed. Results were presented in simple tables the result shows that the respondents’ median age was 25 years, with interquartile range (IQR) of 21-29 years. Almost all (99%) reported that blood donation is not contrary to their religious belief, and it was described as a form of service to humanity by 98%. Although a large proportion (95%) expressed appropriate beliefs and attitude to non-remunerated blood donation, only 25% of the respondents had ever donated. Respondents’ gender (X2 = 26.96, df = 1, P <0.001), marital status (Fischer test=8.36, P <0.01) and employment status (Fischer exact=13.77, P <0.006) showed statistically significant relationship with blood donation practice, but none of these factors did predict practice of voluntary blood donation. In conclusion, although large proportion demonstrated appropriate belief and attitude to voluntary non-remunerated blood donation, few ever donated blood. There is need to sensitize general public on its benefit to improve practice among general public in the metropolis.
Voluntary Blood Donation, Beliefs, Attitudes, Practices, Sokoto
To cite this article
Aminu Umar Kaoje, Abubakar Umar Musa, Nneka Christina Okafoagu, Haruna Ibrahim, Mansur Olayinka Raji, Umar Mohammed Ango, Public Beliefs, Attitude and Practice of Voluntary Non-remunerated Blood Donation Among Resident in Sokoto, Nigeria, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 90-96. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20170306.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Dutta AB. Transfusion Practice Clinical Aspects and Applications In: Blood Banking and Transfusion 1st ed. New Delhi: CBS Publishers. 2006; 213-321.
Enosolease ME, Imarengiaye CO, Awodu OA. Donor blood procurement and utilization at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City. Afr J Reprod Health. 2004, 8: 59-63.
Nigeria National Blood Transfusion Service. Nigerian National Blood Policy; Federal Ministry of Health Abuja 2006; 1-16.
Al-Drees AM. Attitude, belief and knowledge about blood donation and transfusion in Saudi population. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2008, 24 (1): 74-79.
Riley W, Schwei M, McCullough J. The United States potential blood donor pool: estimating the prevalence of donor-exclusion factors on the pool of potential donors. Transfusion. 2007, 47: 1180-1188.
Healy, K. Embedded altruism: Blood collection regimes and the European Union’s donor population. American Journal of Sociology. 2000; 105: 1633-1657.
Araoye OM. Research methodology with statistics for Health and Social Sciences. Ilorin, Mathadex Publishers. 2003: 119.
World Health Organization. ‘Most countries fall short of ensuring a safe blood supply but some progress made’. World Blood Donor Day: Geneva. 2006.
Benedict N, Usimenahon A, and Alexander IN. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of voluntary blood donation among health care workers at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Blood Transfusion. 2013, Pg. 6.
Mullah F, Kumar D, Antani D, and Gupta M. Study of knowledge, perceptions and practices related to blood donation among the healthcare support staff of a tertiary care hospital in Gujarat, India,” The Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences. 2013, Vol. 12, No 1.
Eastlund T. “Monetary blood donation incentives and the risk of transfusion- transmitted infection,” Transfusion. 1998, Vol. 38, No 9; pp. 874–882.
Van der Poel CL, Seifried E and Schaasberg WP. “Paying for blood donations: still a risk?” Vox Sanguinis. 2002, Vol. 83, No. 4, pp. 285–293.
Ejele OA, Erhabor O, and Nwauche CA. “The risk of transfusion-transmissible viral infections in the Niger-Delta area of Nigeria.” Sahel Medical Journal. 2005, Vol. 8, No. 1; pp 16–19.
Waheed U, khan H, Satti HS, Ansari MA, Malik MA, Zaheer HA. Prevalence of transfusion transmitted infections among blood donors of a Teaching Hospital in Islamabad. Ann. Pakinst. Med. Sci. 2012; 8(4): 236-9.
Sethi H, Ayaz M, Niaz P, Sahidullah G, Aziz S, Shah N, et al. Awareness of voluntary blood donation among the general public visiting a rural Hospital of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Journal of Medical Students. 2015; 1(2), 3-11.
WHO report on Gender distribution of blood donors by country.” Data Reported by WHO Global Database on Blood Safety. 2011.
Lowe KC, Ferguson E. Benefits and risk perceptions in Transfusion Medicine: blood and blood substitutes. J Intern Med. May 2003; 253 (5): 498-507.
Mousavi F, Tavabi AA, Golestan B, Ammar-Saeedi E, Kashani H, Tabataei R, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards blood donation in Iranian population. Transfus Med. Oct 2011; 21(5): 308-17.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186