Self-Medication Among Children Under 5 Years Living in Rural Area, Ferlo Senegal
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 110-114
Received: Oct. 26, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 20, 2017; Published: Dec. 14, 2017
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Authors
Ndèye Marème Sougou, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Gilles Boestch, Department of Unité Mixte International 3189, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Mouhamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Mayassine Diongue, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Ibrahima Seck, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Anta Tal-Dia, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
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Abstract
In African rural area, self-treatment has its place in the devices of therapeutic choices. The aim of this study was to determine the extent and pattern of self-treatment among children living in Senegal rural area. A cross-sectional study was carried out to examine the place of self-treatment in the stages of the therapeutic itinerary among children living in Senegal rural area in March 2017. Using Schwartz formula for sampling, we had included in this study 173 children aged 6 to 59 months living in the area of Widou Thiengoly. Mothers were interviewed on the therapeutic itinerary chosen in case of children disease. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were made. Most of children (82.3%) lived on more than 1 hour drive from health facility. For the first instance of therapeutic choice, most of mothers (61.2%) used self –medication in case of children disease, 35.3% of mothers used health facilities and 2.6% choosed traditional healers. For second instance, only 2.4% of mothers were used self-medication. For third instance, there was no self-treatment. Therapy organizing group were led by mothers at 56.5% and fathers in 45.6%. At 77.6% of cases, there were discussions to decide on the treatment of the child. In most cases, fathers were interviewed (90.9%) to give their opinion on the therapeutic choice. Fathers paid for children care in 87.6% of cases. 30.6% of mothers said that self-medication was cheaper compared to health facilities and traditional healers. 95.3% said that they believed that it was most efficiency to use a lot of type of therapeutic in same moment. Multilogistic regression found that living away from health facility (more than 30 minutes) was positively correlate with self-treatment p<0.01, ORaj=5.39 IC= [1.42-24.26]. This study contributes to the knowledge of self-treatment choices regarding children disease management in Senegal rural area. This study shows that geographical inaccessibility of health facilities impact on self-medication practices in rural area.
Keywords
Self-Medication, Children, Rural Area, Senegal
To cite this article
Ndèye Marème Sougou, Gilles Boestch, Mouhamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Mayassine Diongue, Ibrahima Seck, Anta Tal-Dia, Self-Medication Among Children Under 5 Years Living in Rural Area, Ferlo Senegal, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 110-114. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20170306.13
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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