Prevalence, Causes and Pattern of Tooth Loss among Elderly People in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages: 98-101
Received: Feb. 12, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 12, 2019; Published: Mar. 30, 2019
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Authors
Braimoh Omoigberai Bashiru, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Alade Grace Oyenashia, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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Abstract
Tooth loss constitutes a condition of public health interest and can be used as a measure of the oral health of a population. The study was undertaken to determine the prevalence, pattern and causes of tooth loss among the elderly in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The study was an observational research design carried out using pensioners 60 years and above. Subjects were selected by systematic random sampling and data was collected by the use of questionnaire and clinical oral examination. Collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. No case of complete edentulousness was recorded in this study. The prevalence of tooth loss was 43.6%. Although the prevalence was higher in males than in females and older than younger age group, the difference was not significant. The mean tooth loss was 8.9±2.1. Tooth loss was higher in the maxillary anterior segment (14.2%) than the mandibular anterior segment (13.3%) and in the mandibular posterior segments (38.8%) than the maxillary posterior segments (33.7%). These differences were however not significant. Periodontal disease accounted for 50.3% (2435) of the tooth loss, dental caries and trauma accounted for 44.2% (2142) and 5.5% (264) of tooth loss respectively. The prevalence of tooth loss was high among the study population. Periodontal disease and dental caries were the main cause of tooth loss in this group. Therefore, there is need to educate and promote oral health among the populace geared towards improving oral hygiene and change in dietary pattern.
Keywords
Edentulousness, Elderly, Oral Health, Prevalence, Tooth Loss
To cite this article
Braimoh Omoigberai Bashiru, Alade Grace Oyenashia, Prevalence, Causes and Pattern of Tooth Loss among Elderly People in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2019, pp. 98-101. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20190502.16
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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