Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Geriatric Patients Towards Predictors of Healthy Living at a Tertiary Health Institution in Abuja Nigeria
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 165-171
Received: Jun. 5, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 4, 2019; Published: Jul. 15, 2019
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Authors
Christie Omolola Adams, Department of Family Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
Ebenezer Obi Daniel, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Texila American University, Georgetown, Guyana
Gabriel Omoniyi Ayeni, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Texila American University, Georgetown, Guyana
Baamlong Nicholas, Department of Family Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
Ripiye Nanna Rebecca, Department of Family Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
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Abstract
The main objective of this study is to determine the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the geriatrics towards the predictor of healthy living in a tertiary hospital in Abuja, Nigeria. The study was carried out at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital (UATH), Abuja – Nigeria. A descriptive cross sectional survey of the geriatric patients attending Clinic at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada – Abuja – Nigeria, was carried out. Data was obtained through the use of structured, self-administered questionnaire. Summated scores were used to grade respondents’ knowledge attitudes and practices towards predictors of healthy living. Data analysis was done using the Statistical package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21. Data were presented using descriptive statistics of tables, frequencies, percentages, and pie charts. Inferential statistics of Chi-square was used to test for associations between socio-demographic variables and the knowledge, attitude and practice of geriatric patients towards predictors of healthy living. Out of 319 respondents, 50.5% have good knowledge while 49.5% have poor knowledge towards predictors of healthy living. It was also revealed in the study that a greater proportion of the respondents (52%) have poor attitude towards predictors of healthy living while less than half (48%) have good attitude. It was further discovered that 58.6% of the respondents have poor practice, while only 41.4% have good practice towards predictors of healthy living. Inferentially, Chi-square revealed that there was statistical significant association between marital status and knowledge of the respondents towards predictors of healthy living (P<0.05). Furthermore, the level of education and religion of the respondents was found to have statistical significant association with their attitude towards predictors of healthy living (P <0.05) and there was statistical significant association between the educational level and religion of the geriatric patients and their practice towards predictor of healthy living (P <0.05). There is a need for action from all concerned stakeholders to improve the KAP of the geriatric population towards predictors of healthy living. Suggested recommendations among others are; that government should enact enabling laws that will promote geriatrics’ healthy living, improve the community awareness on the predictors of healthy living among geriatrics through health promotions and provide qualitative education and training/retraining courses for health workers to improve their knowledge on geriatrics health and to effectively take up their roles in educating the target population.
Keywords
Geriatrics, Predictors of Healthy Living, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital
To cite this article
Christie Omolola Adams, Ebenezer Obi Daniel, Gabriel Omoniyi Ayeni, Baamlong Nicholas, Ripiye Nanna Rebecca, Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Geriatric Patients Towards Predictors of Healthy Living at a Tertiary Health Institution in Abuja Nigeria, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 165-171. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20190504.15
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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