Assessment on Prevalence of Tinea Capitis and Its Associated Factors among School Children in Addis Zemen, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 172-177
Received: Mar. 17, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 15, 2019; Published: Jul. 26, 2019
Views 129      Downloads 25
Authors
Sefanit Lulekal, Food, Medicine and Health Care Administration and Control Authority (FMACHA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Sineshaw Abera, Arbaminch Health Center, Arbaminch, Ethiopia
Sisay Misganaw, Bullen Primary Hospital, Bullen, Ethiopia
Sisay Urgie, Goba Referral Hospital, Madda Welabu University, Goba, Ethiopia
Sora Asfaw, Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Tinea capitis also known as "herpes tonsurans ringworm of the hair, ringworm of the scalp and tinea tonsurans is a cutaneous fungal infection (dermatophytosis) of the scalp. It is a common infection especially in poor socioeconomic settings. This study determines the high prevalence of Tinea capitis and its associated factors in school children in Addis Zemen, South Gondar, North west Ethiopia. The objective of this study is to assess Prevalence and associated factors of Tinea capitis among school children in Alabo elementary school, Addis zemen. A Cross sectional study was carried out among 405 school children in Addis zemen in 2016. The data were collected by interviewer administrated questionnaire and physical examination. The collected data was entered and analyzed by SPSS version 20, Binary logistic regression was done to assess the association between each independent and dependent variable. Hosmer-lemeshow goodness-of-fit was also done to assess the reliability of our data. P-value and odds ratio was done to assess the magnitude and strength of the correlation between covariates and dependent factor. Among 405 school children the prevalence of tinea capitis was 88 (21.7%) with 95%C.I=18.3-26.2; Of which it is significantly associated with age (AOR=5.92, 95%C.I= 1.51-23.21), family size (AOR=3.12, 95%C.I=1.25-7.81), occupational status of mother (AOR=0.193, 95%C.I=0.05-0.86), bed room sharing (AOR=5.62, 95%C.I=1.09-28.84), comb sharing (AOR=3.86, 95%C.I=1.68-8.87), and family member with same symptom (AOR=8.54, 95%C.I=3.26-22.35). in conclusion Tinea capitis is prevalent in Addis Zemen, Northwest Ethiopia, risking children to poor quality of life associated with different risk factors.Provision for prevention and control should be set in the community, schools and health facilities focusing on health education, sanitation and hygiene control programs.
Keywords
Tinea Capitis, Prevalence, Addis Zemen, School
To cite this article
Sefanit Lulekal, Sineshaw Abera, Sisay Misganaw, Sisay Urgie, Sora Asfaw, Assessment on Prevalence of Tinea Capitis and Its Associated Factors among School Children in Addis Zemen, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 172-177. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20190504.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Fukuda, T. Tinea capitis infection. Med Mycol J, 2011, 52 (1): 7-13.
[2]
Behcet, Mavisehir. T, Karsiyaka. K, Izmir. R, Skin infections in developing countries. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 2010, 22 (6): 459–466.
[3]
A. Emelie, W. Stenhammar. Dermatology in Ethiopia, Forum for Nord Derm 2013, 18 (2); (132-145).
[4]
Ali J , Yifru S , Woldeamanuel Y. Prevalence of tinea capitis and the causative agent among school children in Gondar, North West Ethiopia. Ethiopian 2009, 47 (4): 261-269.
[5]
Morar N, Dlova NC, Gupta AK, AboobakerJ. Tinea capitis in Kwa-Zulu, Natal, South Africa. Pediatrics Dermatol. 2004, 21 (4): 444-447.
[6]
Hogewonin A, AdegnikaA, Yazdanbakhsh M. Prevalence and fungal species of tinea capitis among children in Gabon. Department of dermatology university of Ghana Medical School, 2011, 54 (11): 354-359.
[7]
Weldeamnuel Y, Leekassa R, Chryssanthou E, Mengistu Y, Petrini B. Prevalence of tinea capitis in Ethiopia school children. Department microbiology, Immunology and parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, AddisAbaba, Ethiopia. 2005, 48 (2): 137-141.
[8]
Leiva-Salinas M, Marin-Cabanas I, Tesfasmariam A, Reyes F, Belincho I, Ramos, Tineacapitis in schoolchildren in a rural area insouthern Ethiopia. Int J. Dermatol, 2015, 54 (7):800-805.
[9]
JedidahNdunge Moto, John MuthiniMaingi, Anthony KebiraNyamache. Prevalence of Tinea capitis in school going children from Math are, informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. BioMedcenteral, 2015; 8 (3): 268-274.
[10]
C. J. Uneke, B. A. Ngwu, and O. Egemba, “Tinea capitis and pityriasisv ersicolor infections among school children in the south-eastern Nigeria: the public health implications,” The Internet Journal of Dermatology. 2006, 4(2); 24-5.
[11]
A. O. Akinboro, O. A. Olasode, and O. Onayemi, “The pattern, risk factors and clinic-etiological correlate of Tinea capitis among the children in a tropical community setting of Oshogbo, South-Western Nigeria,” Afro-Egyptian Journal of Infectious and Endemic Diseases 2011, 1 (2): 53–64.
[12]
A. O. Akinboro, O. A. Olasode, O. Onayemi, and D. A. Mejiuni, “The impacts of Tinea capitis on quality of life: a community based cross sectional study among Nigerian children,” Clinical Medicine Insights: Dermatology. [2013, 6 (1); 9–17].
[13]
O. Oke O. Onayemi, O. Abimbola, Olasode, et. al. Prevalence and associated factor tnea capitis among school children in Sudan, 2013, 43 (2); 103-120.
[14]
Ilkit M, Demirhindi H, Yetgin M, Ates A, Turac-Bicer A, Yula E. Asymptomatic dermatophyte scalp carriage in school children in Adana, Turkey. Mycoses 2007; 50 (2): 130-4.
[15]
S. Yesilkaya, D. Tok, A. NedretKoc, “Prevalence and risk factors of tinea capitis and tinea pedisin school children in Turkey.” Journal of Pakistan Medical Association.2014, 1 (12) 64: 514.
[16]
C. Grover, P. Arora, V. manchanda “Tinea capitis in the pediatric population” Indian journal of dermatology, Venereology and leprology, 2010, 76 (5): 527-532.
[17]
N. moto, J. Muthini, A. Kebira “Prevalance of tinea capitis in school going children in Nairobi”, biomed central journal, 2015, 8 (2); 268-274.
[18]
O. Ayanlowo, A. Akinkugbe, R. Oladele, M. Balogun ‘prevalence of tinea capitis infection among primary school in a rural setting in south-west Nigeria’ Journal of public health in Africa, 2014, 5 (1); 205-232.
[19]
H. Fathi, A. Al- samara, ‘Prevalence of tinea capitis among school children in Iraq’ Eastern mediterranean Health Journal, 2000, 6 (1); 131-136.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186