Socio-demographic Characteristic of Sudanese Patients on Hemodialysis at Gezira Hospital for Renal Diseases and Surgery, Gezira State, Sudan; 2018
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 256-260
Received: Sep. 11, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 4, 2019; Published: Oct. 15, 2019
Views 121      Downloads 32
Taha Ahmed Elmukashfi Elsheikh, Department of Community Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Mohamed Abdel Salam Nurein, Department of Anatomy, University of Karrari, Khartoum, Sudan
Mustafa Omran Mansour, Department of Urology, University of Gezira, Wadmadani, Sudan
Article Tools
Follow on us
End stage renal disease is an irreversible renal damage leading to impairment of renal function and failure of filtration of metabolic wastes from the blood. To determine the socio-demographic characteristics of Sudanese Patients on Hemodialysis at Gezira Hospital for Renal Diseases and Surgery, Gezira State, Sudan; 2018. It was an observational study. Independent variables were socio-demographic characteristics. Dependent variable was hemodialysis. A questionnaire was used to obtain the required data. SPSS version 21 was used for data entry and analysis. Chi square test was used and P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Sixty two percent of respondents were male. Minimum age was 19 years while maximum age was 70 years. Maximum affected age group was age group (36-45) years; followed by age groups (46-55) and (56-65) years. Minimum age at which disease was diagnosed was 13 years while maximum was 67 years. Regarding residency was as follow: Two percent from East State, 2% from West State, and 96% from Central State. For education: Twenty percent were illiterate, 6.0% Quranic School (Khalwa), 36% primary school, 14% secondary school, 14% university graduate, and 10% had postgraduate certificate. Their occupation was as follows: Twenty percent were labors, 8% were farmers, 6% were employee, 2% were merchants, 4% were students, 24% were households, 2% was from the medical field, 4% were non-employee and 30% did not identify their occupations. Sixty six percent were married. Male is more prone to heamodialysis than female. Risk for heamodialysis increases with increased age. The married rate is an important factor related to the outcome of ESRD. Low levels of education together with low income level of employment are important factors related to ESRD.
Socio-Demographic Characteristic, ESRD, Sudanese Patients, Gezira State
To cite this article
Taha Ahmed Elmukashfi Elsheikh, Mohamed Abdel Salam Nurein, Mustafa Omran Mansour, Socio-demographic Characteristic of Sudanese Patients on Hemodialysis at Gezira Hospital for Renal Diseases and Surgery, Gezira State, Sudan; 2018, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2019, pp. 256-260. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20190506.15
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Banaga ASI, et al. 2015, Causes of end stage renal failure among haemodialysis patients in Khartoum State/Sudan. BMC Res Notes, 8: 502. doi: 10.1186/s13104-015-1509-x. PMCID: PMC4589074.
Elsharif ME & Elsharif EG 2011, Causes of End-Stage Renal Disease in Sudan: A Single-Center. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl; 22 (2): 373-376.
Snell, R. S., (2012). Clinical Anatomy by Regions (9th Edition). Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Hong Kong, pp (206-215).
Goldman L, et al., 2016, Chronic kidney disease, In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier.
EBSCO 2016, Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults, viewed 4 October 2016,
Chartier et al. Prevalence, socio-demographic characteristics, and comorbid health conditions in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease: results from the Manitoba chronic kidney disease cohort. BMC Nephrology (2018) 19: 255.
Hamody A. T., Kareem A. K., Al-Yasri A. S., Sh. Ali A. A. Depression in Iraqi Hemodialysis Patients. Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation. 2013 Sep; 6 (3): 169-72.
Theofilou P. A. The Impact of Sociodemographic and Psychological Variables on Quality of Life in Patients With Renal Disease: Findings of a Cross-Sectional Study in Greece. World J Nephrol Urol • 2012; 1 (4-5): 101-106.
Theofilou P. Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure: The Effect of Sociodemographic Characteristics. International Journal of Nephrology, Volume 2011, Article ID 514070, 6 pages. doi: 10.4061/2011/514070.
Awadalla A. W.; Ohaeri J. U.; Al-Awadi S. A.; and Tawfiq A. M. Diabetes Mellitus Patients' Family Caregivers' Subjective Quality of Life. JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL MEDICAL ASSOCIATION VOL. 98, NO. 5, MAY 2006 727.
Amoako Y. A., Laryea D. O., Bedu-Addo G., Andoh H., Awuku Y. A. Clinical and demographic characteristics of chronic kidney disease patients in a tertiary facility in Ghana. Pan African Medical Journal. 2014; 18: 274 doi: 10.11604/pamj.2014.18.274.4192. This article is available online at:
Halle M. P., Takongue C., Kengne A. P., Kaze F. F. and Ngu K. B. Epidemiological profile of patients with end stage renal disease in a referral hospital in Cameroon. Halle et al. BMC Nephrology (2015) 16: 59. DOI 10.1186/s12882-015-0044-2.
Bapat U., Nayak S. G., Kedleya P. G., Gokulnath. Demographics and Social Factors Associated with Acceptance of Treatment in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2008; 19 (1): 132-136.
USRDS 2015, ESRD in the United States, Annual Data Report Volume 2.
Elamin AEM, Mohammed NAA & Modawe G 2012, Aetiology of End-Stage Renal Disease among adult Sudanese patient, Sudan JMS, Volume 7, Number 4, 255-258.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186