The Effect of the Snowball Throwing Method on Changes in Brushing Behavior in 4th Grade Children at Surabaya
Central African Journal of Public Health
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 287-291
Received: Sep. 16, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 28, 2019; Published: Nov. 13, 2019
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Authors
Eppy Setiyowati, Faculty Nursing and Midwifery, University Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
Fitriyah, Faculty Nursing and Midwifery, University Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
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Abstract
Tooth decay is experienced by many children, such as cavities, tartar, inflammation of the gums, sensitive teeth, and bad breath, the cause is a mistake when brushing of teeth. The snowball throwing learning method is cooperative towards changes in brushing behavior, because the learning model is effective in training students to brush their teethes, the aim of the researchers was to analyze the effect of the snowball throwing method on changes in brushing behavior in 4th grade children at Surabaya. The research method is Pre-Experimental with approach to One group pre-post tes design, the number of samples is 65 students from grade 4 at Surabaya. The technical sampling uses simple random sampling, data collection uses a questionnaire, then the data is processed and analyzed using paired T-test (α = 0.05). The results showed that after a paired T-test statistical test, the value of ρ = 0.000 and α = 0.05 means that ρ < α, H0 is rejected, meaning there is an influence of the snowball throwing method on changes in brushing behavior of school children at Surabaya. Conclusion of the study, the snowball throwing method provides an increase in the behavior of brushing teeth, that the students practice brushing their teeth twice in the morning and night before going to bed properly. Suggestion, the snowball throwing method can be applied in schools for learning activities.
Keywords
Snowball Throwing, Brushing Teeth, Behavior
To cite this article
Eppy Setiyowati, Fitriyah, The Effect of the Snowball Throwing Method on Changes in Brushing Behavior in 4th Grade Children at Surabaya, Central African Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2019, pp. 287-291. doi: 10.11648/j.cajph.20190506.20
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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