Perceived Susceptibility of Persons with Physical Disability to Factors Contributing to the Risk of Contracting HIV in Cameroon: A Qualitative Study
International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science
Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2015, Pages: 1-7
Received: May 22, 2015; Accepted: May 31, 2015; Published: Jun. 15, 2015
Views 4677      Downloads 266
Elvis E. Tarkang, Department of Population and Behavioural Science, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Volta Region, Ghana
Prosper M. Lutala, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
Article Tools
Follow on us
Persons with disabilities (PWDs) constitute about 15% of the world population and 5% of Cameroon population. Persons with physical disability have been identified as one of the vulnerable groups to HIV due to several challenges posed by their disability. They represent one of the largest and most underserved population, have an unmet needs for health including HIV services, and have historically been excluded from HIV planning and programming largely due to perceptions that they are not at risk. Further, there is scarcity of literature on HIV/AIDS relating to PWDs. Therefore, this study is aimed at investigating the perception of risk of contracting HIV among persons with physical disability in Cameroon. A qualitative study was conducted among ten persons with physical disability aged 18 years and above, selected purposively in Kumba (South West region of Cameroon), using in-depth interviews to collect data in April 2015. The participants perceived that persons with physical disability in Cameroon are at high risk of contracting HIV, because of poverty, sexual risk behaviours, low literacy levels and low likelihood or lack of marriage (singlehood). Policy-makers should provide subsidies for commodities with respect to persons with disabilities, empower them economically, and implement tight legislation against gender-based violence and rape towards people with disabilities. Special programmes targeting HIV prevention and treatment amongst this group is of utmost importance. Collaboration with the Cameroon Ministries of Social Affairs to better address their neglected social and economic needs is compelling.
Cameroon, Educational Level, HIV/AIDS, Perception of Risk, Persons with Physical Disability, Poverty
To cite this article
Elvis E. Tarkang, Prosper M. Lutala, Perceived Susceptibility of Persons with Physical Disability to Factors Contributing to the Risk of Contracting HIV in Cameroon: A Qualitative Study, International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2015, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20150101.11
WHO, World Report on Disability, Geneva, 2011.
UNAIDS, People with disabilities, The gap report, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2014.
N. E. Groce, Global survey on HIV/AIDS and disability. New Haven, Yale University, 2004.
UNAIDS, WHO, and OHCHR, Disability and HIV policy brief. Geneva: UNAIDS, pp. 1-8, 2009.
UNAIDS, AIDS and disability partners forum: enhancing inclusive and accessible programming which fits all the population. United Nations General Assembly High Level Meeting on HIV in New York; 2011 July; New York, UNAIDS, 2011.
United Nations Development Group, Including the rights of persons with disabilities in United Nations Programming at country level: a guidance note for United Nations country teams and implementing partners. Geneva: United Nations Development Group; 2011.
UNAIDS, Strategy for integrating disability into AIDS programmes. Geneva, UNAIDS, 2012.
M. H. Kvam, and S. H. Braathen, ‘‘I thought ... maybe this is my chance’’: sexual abuse against girls and women with disabilities in Malawi, Sex Abuse, vol. 20(1), pp. 5-24, 2008.
B. Dickman, and A. Roux, Complainants with learning disabilities in sexual abuse cases: a 10-year review of a psycho-legal project in Cape Town, South Africa, Br J Learn Disabil, vol. 33(3), pp. 138-44, 2005.
J. Hanass-Hancock, Interweaving conceptualizations of gender and disability in the context of vulnerability to HIV/AIDS in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Sex Disabil, vol. 27(1), pp. 35-47, 2009a.
J. Hanass-Hancock, Disability and HIV/AIDS: a systematic review of literature in Africa, J Int AIDS Soc, vol. 2, pp. 9, 2009b.
J. Hanass-Hancock, I, Regondi, and K, Naidoo, What drives the interrelationship between disability and HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA)? AJOD, vol. 2(1), pp. 1-6, 2013.
H. Tchamgoue, and A. Nantchouang, Chapter 16: Handicap. In INS Institut National de la Statistique et ICF. International. Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples du Cameroun 2011. Calverton, Maryland, USA: INS et ICF International. 2012.
L. Cockburn, S. Cleaver, and E. Benuh, The prevalence of impairments and disabilities in the Northwest region (Cameroon), Health Sci Dis, vol. 15(2), pp. 1-7, 2014,
Bureau Central des Recensement et des Etudes de Population, Livre “Rapport de Presentation, Cameroon, 2010.
The Pointer, 2012. From:
D. Silverman, Interpreting qualitative data: methods for analyzing talk, text and interaction. 3rd ed. London: Sage Publications, pp. 448, 2006.
E. Stone, Disability and Development. The Disability Press, Leeds, 1999.
W. Roux, The challenges of change. Early childhood development: Practice and reflections. No 15. Bernard van Lear Foundation, Netherlands, 2002
R. Hitzler, and T. S. Eberle, Background Theories of Qualitative Research. 3.1 Phenomenological Life-world Analysis. In Flick U, Von Kardorff E, Steinke I edit. A Comparison to Qualitative Research. London: Sages Publications; 2004. PP: 431
A. Bowling, Research methods in health: investigating health and health services. 2nd ed. Bucking- ham: Open University Press, pp.16, 2002.
A. C. M. Kurth, and A. Moore, Formative research for computer counselling intervention to support antiretroviral adherence. A State of the Science Meeting on Intervention Research to Improve Anti-Retroviral Adherence Yale University 2005.
B. G. Glaser, and A. L. Strauss, The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research. California, CA: Aldine Transaction, pp. 271, 1967.
L. Richards, and J. M. Morse, User’s Guide to Qualitative Methods Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc., Second 2007.
A. Strauss, and J. Corbin, Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage Publications, 1998.
E. Pitchforth, and E. van Teijlingen, International public health research involving interpreters: a case study from Bangladesh, BMC Public Health, vol. 5, pp. 71, 2005.
M. Nyindo, Complementary factors contributing to the rapid spread of HIV-1 in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review, East Afr Med J, vol. 82(1), pp. 40-46, 2005.
J. Mouton, How to succeed in your Master's and Doctoral studies. A South African guide and resource book. Pretoria, Van Schaik, 2001.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186